Terminalia arjuna:Combrataceae

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satish phadke

Apr 11, 2008, 11:58:01 AM4/11/08
to indiantreepix, wildflowerindia
I could photograph these blooming Terminalia arjuna(Arjun in Marathi) on 10th April 2008 in Pune Maharashtra.
These trees have been planted in an area cultivated by municipal corporation in Mutha river by the roadside opposite its main building. Now they are quite big and flowering.
You can observe typical flowers of combrataceae which look almost same for many species.
Even the seeds are same.
Important difference between Terminalia arjuna and Terminalia tomentosa is as follows.
Terminalia arjuna:(Arjun)
Bark yellowish and faint similar to guava tree
Seeds having 5 wings
Terminalia tomentosa(Ain):
Bark is like crocodile back
Seeds 4 winged
SATISFIED http://satishphadke.blogspot.com/
Terminalia arjuna3.jpg
Terminalia arjuna4.jpg
Terminalia arjuna.jpg
Terminalia seeds.jpg

J.M. Garg

Apr 11, 2008, 8:53:02 PM4/11/08
to satish phadke, indiantreepix
Lovely pics. & description, Satish ji.
Here are some extracts for Terminalia elliptica (syn. T. tomentosa, T. alata) from Wikipedia link:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminalia_tomentosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: T. elliptica
Binomial name
Terminalia elliptica

Terminalia elliptica (syn. T. alata Heyne ex Roth, T. tomentosa (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.) is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.[1] It is a prominent part of both dry and moist deciduous forests in southern India up to 1000 m.

Common names are Asna, Indian-laurel, Taukkyan (Burma), Sadar, Matti, Marda (India), and casually "crocodile bark" due to the characteristic bark pattern.

It is a tree growing to 30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1 m. The fruit is ovoid, 3 cm long, with five wings not extending beyond the fruit apex.[2] The bark is fire-resistant. The wood is coarse, fairly straight grained, dull to somewhat lustrous and without any smell or taste. The heartwood varies from light brown with few markings to dark brown or brownish black and figured with darker streaks. The sapwood is reddish white and sharply differentiated. The heartwood is moderately durable and the sapwood is liable to powder-post beetle attack.[3]

Terminalia tomentosa has a remarkable attribute. Some members of the species store water in the dry season. A survey conducted at bandipur national park, india showed that a proportion of trees store water and there is a girth dependent increase in the frequency and amount of water storage. The mechanism and ecophysiological significance of this water storage is not known. [4]

The leaves are used as food for silkworms.[1] Medicine: The bark is used medicinally against diarrhoea. Oxalic acid can be extracted from it. Tannin or dyestuff: The bark and especially the fruit yield pyrogallol and catechol to dye and tan leather.

Water stored in the stem is often tapped and used as a source of potable water in the summer by forest folk. It is also thought to have curative value for stomach pain.

SATISFIED http://satishphadke.blogspot.com/
For my Birds, Butterflies, Trees, Landscape pictures etc., visit  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:Contributions/J.M.Garg
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