Kusum flower

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kaysat tiwari

Mar 30, 2008, 1:22:44 PM3/30/08
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Dear All,
I saw this Kusum Schlichera oleosa ( Lour) tree in flower today. Sorry picture is not that clear only because I had to use my Macro lens.
And Aaonla tree also flowering.
Satyendra K.Tiwari.
Wildlife Photographer, Naturalist, Tour Leader
H.NO 139, P.O.Tala, Distt Umariya.
M.P. India 484-661
00-91-7627-265309 or 09425331209
Kusum flower_DSC8008.jpg
Aaonla flower_DSC7905.jpg

J.M. Garg

Mar 30, 2008, 9:44:16 PM3/30/08
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Hi, Satyendra ji,
Good close up shots for these tiny hardly visible flowers. If you have other pictures of Schleichera oleosa (Kusum, Kosam or Lac tree) & Aonla (Amla) , pl. post them.

The Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica, syn. Emblica officinalis) (Amla in Hindi) is a deciduous tree of the Euphorbiaceae family. It is known for its edible fruit of the same name.

Common names of this tree include amalaka in Sanskrit, amla in Hindi, amlaki (আমলকী ) in Bengali, amala in Nepal Bhasa, nellikka in Malayalam, usirikai in Telugu, and nellikai in Kannada, and Tamil as well as aonla, aola, ammalaki, dharty, aamvala, aawallaa, emblic, Emblic myrobalan, Malacca tree, nillika, and nellikya in various other languages.

The tree is small to medium sized, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, with crooked trunk and spreading branches. The branchlets are glabrous or finely pubescent, 10-20 cm long, usually deciduous; the leaves simple, subsessile and closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves.[2] The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with 6 vertical stripes or furrows. Ripening in autumn, the berries are harvested by hand after climbing to upper branches bearing the fruits.[3] The taste of Indian gooseberry is sour, bitter and astringent, and is quite fibrous. In India, it is common to eat gooseberries with salt and water to make the sour fruits palatable.

In folk medicine, dried and fresh fruits of the plant are used. All parts of the plant are used in various Ayurvedic herbal preparations, including the fruit, seed, leaves, root, bark and flowers.[13] According to Ayurveda, amla fruit is sour (amla) and astringent (kashaya) in taste (rasa), with sweet (madhura), bitter (tikta) and pungent (katu) secondary tastes (anurasas).[14] Its qualities (gunas) are light (laghu) and dry (ruksha), the post-digestive effect (vipaka) is sweet (madhura), and its energy (virya) is cooling (shita).[15]

According to Ayurveda, amla is specific to pitta due to its sweet taste and cooling energy.[16] However, amla is thought to balance vata by virtue of its sour taste, and kapha due to its astringent taste and drying action. It may be used as a rasayana (rejuvenative]] to promote longevity, and traditionally to enhance digestion (dipanapachana), treat constipation (anuloma), reduce fever (jvaraghna), purify the blood (raktaprasadana), reduce cough (kasahara), alleviate asthma (svasahara), strengthen the heart (hrdaya), benefit the eyes (chakshushya), stimulate hair growth (romasanjana), enliven the body (jivaniya), and enhance intellect (medhya).[17][18]

In Ayurvedic polyherbal formulations, Indian gooseberry is a common constituent, and most notably is the primary ingredient in an ancient herbal rasayana called Chyawanprash.[19] This formula, which contains 43 herbal ingredients as well as clarified butter, sesame oil, sugar cane juice, and honey, was first mentioned in the Charaka Samhita as a premier rasayana or rejuvenative compound.[20][21]

For my Birds, Butterflies, Trees, Lanscape pictures etc., visit  http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:Contributions/J.M.Garg

satish phadke

Mar 31, 2008, 1:45:30 AM3/31/08
to J.M. Garg, kaysat tiwari, indian...@googlegroups.com
Hi Satyendra
Nice shots. As the flowers are small it is difficult to locate them and photograph them.
You are always posting some interesting collection of species. Keep on posting them. We are enjoying.
SATISFIED http://satishphadke.blogspot.com/
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