Chrozophora plicata from Delhi

62 views
Skip to first unread message

Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Apr 20, 2011, 12:39:17 PM4/20/11
to efloraofindia, Flowers of India, Tabish

Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A. Juss. ex Spreng.,  Syst. veg. 3:850. 1826

syn: Croton plicatus Vahl; Chrozophora prostrata Dalzell & Gibson

Stellate-wooly prostrate herb with several branches; leaves nearly as long as broad, upper surface folded (plicate); flowers unisexual; stamens 15 in two whorls, petals pink; capsules stellate wooly, without scales.
Photographed from Vikas Puri Delhi, growing in waste lands.
   
Common name: Giradol

--
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/

Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-3.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-4.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-1.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-2.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-5.jpg

Mahadeswara

unread,
Apr 20, 2011, 11:35:12 PM4/20/11
to efloraofindia
Beautiful photographs as usual. The plant reminds me of Prof. BGL
Swamy who used to bring this plant, Bacopa munneri, Ammania buccifera
etc for the M.Sc examinations in 70,s

On Apr 20, 9:39 pm, Gurcharan Singh <singh...@gmail.com> wrote:
> Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A. Juss. ex Spreng.,  Syst. veg. 3:850. 1826
> syn: *Croton plicatus* Vahl; *Chrozophora* *prostrata* Dalzell & Gibson
>
> Stellate-wooly prostrate herb with several branches; leaves nearly as long
> as broad, upper surface folded (plicate); flowers unisexual; stamens 15 in
> two whorls, petals pink; capsules stellate wooly, without scales.
> Photographed from Vikas Puri Delhi, growing in waste lands.
>
> Common name: Giradol
>
> --
> Dr. Gurcharan Singh
> Retired  Associate Professor
> SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
> Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
> Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/
>
>  Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-3.jpg
> 194KViewDownload
>
>  Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-4.jpg
> 221KViewDownload
>
>  Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-1.jpg
> 184KViewDownload
>
>  Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-2.jpg
> 164KViewDownload
>
>  Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-5.jpg
> 422KViewDownload

Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Apr 21, 2011, 5:49:21 AM4/21/11
to Mahadeswara, efloraofindia
Thanks Mahadeswara ji


-- 
Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089
http://people.du.ac.in/~singhg45/ 

J.M. Garg

unread,
Nov 17, 2013, 2:32:16 AM11/17/13
to efloraofindia, Gurcharan Singh, Tapas Chakrabarty, Nambiyath Balakrishnan, Jui Pethe, Mohina Macker, Aarti S. Khale, Muthu Karthick, Nidhan Singh, surajit koley
Chrozophora rottleri as per another thread.
--
With regards,
J.M.Garg
'Creating awareness of Indian Flora & Fauna'
The whole world uses my Image Resource of more than a thousand species & eight thousand images of Birds, Butterflies, Plants etc. (arranged alphabetically & place-wise): http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:J.M.Garg. You can also use them for free as per Creative Commons license attached with each image.
For identification, learning, discussion & documentation of Indian Flora, please visit/ join our Efloraofindia Google e-group (largest in the world): http://groups.google.co.in/group/indiantreepix (more than 2190 members & 1,72,300 messages on 31/10/13) or Efloraofindia website: https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/ (with a species database of more than 9000 species & 1,80, 000 images).
Also author of 'A Photoguide to the Birds of Kolkata & Common Birds of India'. 
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-3.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-4.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-1.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-2.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-5.jpg

Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Nov 17, 2013, 5:57:13 AM11/17/13
to J.M. Garg, efloraofindia, Tapas Chakrabarty, Nambiyath Balakrishnan, Jui Pethe, Mohina Macker, Aarti S. Khale, Muthu Karthick, Nidhan Singh, surajit koley
Garg ji
This needs to be resolved.
If Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A. Juss., 1826 (basionym Croton plicatus Vahl, 1790) and C. rottleri (Geiseler) A. Juss., 1826 (based on Croton rottleri Geiseler, 1807) are synonyms, the former should be the correct name as it is based in earlier basionym.

If two are distinct species as listed on the Plant List, we have to know the differences to choose our plants from North India and Western Ghats.

I hope Tapas ji and Balakrishnan ji can throw better light on this based on their treatment of Indian Euphorbiaceae.
   

Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089

Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Nov 17, 2013, 7:20:44 AM11/17/13
to Nambiyath Balakrishnan, efloraofindia
Thanks a lot Balakrishnan ji for clarification


based on Reply from Balakrishnan ji 
"The real Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. does not occur in India. It is confined to Africa and Middle East. What is given  as C. plicata in Indian floras are now known as Chrozophora rottleri (Geisl.) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
N.P.Balakrishnan, 17 Nov. 2013"



Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089


On Sun, Nov 17, 2013 at 5:40 PM, Nambiyath Balakrishnan <npba...@gmail.com> wrote:
The real Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. does not occur in India. It is confined to Africa and Middle East. What is given  as C. plicata in Indian floras are now known as Chrozophora rottleri (Geisl.) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
N.P.Balakrishnan, 17 Nov. 2013

Tapas Chakrabarty

unread,
Nov 17, 2013, 9:30:31 AM11/17/13
to Gurcharan Singh, Nambiyath Balakrishnan, efloraofindia

1a.     Ovary and fruits lepidote, never stellate-pubescent                           2

  b.     Ovary and fruits stellate-pubescent, never lepidote                           3

2a.     Leaves not much longer than broad; ripe carpels reddish purple                                                                            1. C. hierosolymitana

  b.     Leaves twice as long as broad; ripe carpels bluish purple                                                                                           2. C. oblongifolia

3a.     Leaves both radical and cauline, eglandular at base; stigmas orange; fruits grey or black, non-tinctorial when wetted                3. C. prostrata

  b.     Leaves cauline only, 2-glandular at base; stigmas red; fruits purple, tinctorial when wetted                                           4. C. rottleri


Tapas.



--
You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "efloraofindia" group.
To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to indiantreepi...@googlegroups.com.
To post to this group, send email to indian...@googlegroups.com.
Visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix.
For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/groups/opt_out.

Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Nov 17, 2013, 9:44:14 AM11/17/13
to Tapas Chakrabarty, Nambiyath Balakrishnan, efloraofindia
Thanks Tapas ji for the key

Dr. Gurcharan Singh
Retired  Associate Professor
SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007
Res: 932 Anand Kunj, Vikas Puri, New Delhi-110018.
Phone: 011-25518297  Mob: 9810359089


Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Sep 1, 2021, 10:57:46 AM9/1/21
to efloraofindia
Forwarding for ID
Distributed as  Chrozophora rottleri
I strongly feel that it is C. plicata, whether we follow Flora of Malesia
or follow key given by Tapas ji
Plants are prostrate (not erect), smaller (less than 3 cm, not larger), plicate , dark green (not light green), stigma orange (not red), fruit with spreading hairs (not flat)
Group discussion at

Gurcharan Singh

unread,
Sep 1, 2021, 10:58:45 AM9/1/21
to indiantreepix, Tapas Chakrabarty
Forwarding for ID
Distributed as  Chrozophora rottleri
I strongly feel that it is C. plicata, whether we follow Flora of Malesia
or follow key given by Tapas ji
Plants are prostrate (not erect), smaller (less than 3 cm, not larger), plicate , dark green (not light green), stigma orange (not red), fruit with spreading hairs (not flat)
Group discussion at

---------- Forwarded message ---------
From: Gurcharan Singh <sing...@gmail.com>
Date: Wednesday, April 20, 2011 at 10:09:17 PM UTC+5:30
Subject: Chrozophora plicata from Delhi
To: efloraofindia <indian...@googlegroups.com>, Flowers of India <flowers...@gmail.com>, Tabish <tab...@gmail.com>


Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-3.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-4.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-1.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-2.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-5.jpg

Tapas Chakrabarty

unread,
Sep 1, 2021, 3:50:40 PM9/1/21
to Gurcharan Singh, indiantreepix
Yes, Chrozophora plicata.

J.M. Garg

unread,
Sep 5, 2021, 4:31:45 AM9/5/21
to efloraofindia, GurcharanSingh, Tapas Chakrabarty
I think there is some confusion here.

Flora Malesian gives the following difference (It also does not have Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. (like India as per Balakrishnan ji)):
Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. is often confused with C. rottleri, because one of the first leads in Prain’s key (1918) asks for the length of the inflorescence relative to the surrounding leaves. The inflorescence should be shorter than the leaves in C. plicata and longer in C. rottleri. However, they are only longer in C. rottleri when the inflorescences are old and have shed their seeds. The best character to separate both species is in the stellate hairs on the ovary/fruit, these hairs are flat, 2-dimensional, almost lepidote in C. rottleri (lacking the patent hairs), and normal, 3-dimensional in C. plicata. Furthermore, the leaf blades in C. plicata are usually smaller (less than 3 cm long) and of a much darker green (at least when dry).
It also gives Staminate flowers 4–6 mm in diam., yellow; calyx white, united part c. 1 mm high, lobes 3.2–4 by c. 1.2 mm; petals 3.7–3.8 by 1.5–1.6 mm; androphore 3.3–3.8 mm long, basal 1.2–1.3 mm without filaments; filaments 0.3–0.8 mm long; anthers 0.9–1.3 by c. 0.7 mm, yellow. 

I can not see the nature of hairs from the low res. image, as per differences above. However, the stigma is yellow here as given for C.rottelri in Flora Malenesia.

Earlier Balakrishnan ji has stated:
"The real Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. does not occur in India. It is confined to Africa and the Middle East. What is given as C. plicata in Indian floras are now known as Chrozophora rottleri (Geisl.) A.Juss. ex Spreng.
N.P.Balakrishnan, 17 Nov. 2013"



---------- Forwarded message ---------
From: Gurcharan Singh <sing...@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 20 Apr 2011 at 22:09
Subject: [efloraofindia:67681] Chrozophora plicata from Delhi
To: efloraofindia <indian...@googlegroups.com>, Flowers of India <flowers...@gmail.com>, Tabish <tab...@gmail.com>




--
With regards,
J.M.Garg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-3.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-4.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-1.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-2.jpg
Chrozophora-plicata-Vikas-puri-Delhi-5.jpg

J.M. Garg

unread,
Sep 5, 2021, 4:51:44 AM9/5/21
to efloraofindia, GurcharanSingh, Tapas Chakrabarty
I see stigma to be yellow only as per other observations at C.rottleri
I find that as per keys provided by Tapas ji in this post, C.prostrata is now given as syn. of Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. as per WCSP. So if this is correct, C.prostrata is now given as syn. of Chrozophora plicata (Vahl) A.Juss. ex Spreng. is very much available in India and Singh ji plant may very well be this one. 

--
With regards,
J.M.Garg
Reply all
Reply to author
Forward
0 new messages