True to its type i.e. the deciduous forest of Sanjay Gandhi
National Park in Mumbai still holds some charm
for flower aficionados. These tiny blue flowers were commonly seen in damp
patches near dry rocky stream beds under the shade of trees. Neil Soares and Vidya Rao identified them as Marsh
Carpet Hygrophila serpyllum locally
The leaves are either homomorphic (i.e. all having one form) or heteromorphic (i.e. different leaves having differnt forms). When they are homomorphic, they are always simple and entire. When heteromorphic, the basal or submerged leaves are pinnately divided with either filiform (i.e. feather-like) or linear segments that can be either simple or forked, while the cauline leaves (i.e. those on the stem) or emergent leaves are entire.
The flowers have petals ranging from white to purple in colour, having either 5 equal lobes or 2 lips. When an upper lip is present, it is erect and concave with either 2 lobes or 2 teeth, while the lower lip has 3 lobes. 4 stamens are present with 2 sometimes being staminodal (i.e. non pollen producing). They are not exerted and are fused to the petal tube above the middle. The individual filaments are united into pairs by a membrane at their bases, while the anthers have 2 locules. The anther sacs have no spurs or tails and are at the same level and parallel. A nectariferous disc is present but inconspicuous. Pollen grains are 3- or rarely 4-colporate, meaning the apperatures are composed of both a colpus and a porus. Each flower produces 6 to many seeds.
A number of species are cultivated for the aquarium trade, including H. difformis (water wisteria) and Hygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed). Many members of the genus are troublesome weeds in irrigation and drainage ditches as well as ricefields. Several have become established outside of their native ranges, largely due to the aquarium trade, such as H. polysperma in the southern United States. The above inf. taken from Wikipedia link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygrophila
For my Birds, Butterflies, Trees, Lanscape pictures etc., visit http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:Contributions/J.M.Garg