For ID290109ET64

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Thiruvengadam Ekambaram

Jan 29, 2009, 11:59:50 AM1/29/09
to indiantreepix
I saw this flower in Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan on 26 Jan.2009.
Please give ID


These pictures were sent with Picasa, from Google.
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Dinesh Valke

Jan 29, 2009, 12:02:25 PM1/29/09
to Thiruvengadam Ekambaram, indiantreepix
... looks like adulasaJusticia adhatoda

Nayan Singh

Jan 29, 2009, 12:27:42 PM1/29/09
to Thiruvengadam Ekambaram, indiantreepix
Hi Thiruvengadam
your plant is Adhatoda vassica from Acanthacaeae family
N.S.Dungriyal IFS
Chief Conservator of Forests
and Field Director
Satpura Tiger Reserve Hoshangabad

From: Thiruvengadam Ekambaram <>
To: indiantreepix <>
Sent: Thursday, 29 January, 2009 10:29:50 PM
Subject: [indiantreepix:8088] For ID290109ET64

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J.M. Garg

Jan 29, 2009, 11:09:18 PM1/29/09
to Nayan Singh, Thiruvengadam Ekambaram, indiantreepix
Thanks, Dinesh ji & Nayan ji,
Links for Adhatoda vasica (Adatodai, Arusa, Adulsa, Bakas, Malabar Nut Tree): (small desc. with a pic., syn., medicinal uses etc.).
Some extracts from Wikipedia link:

Justicia adhatoda (Adulsa, Malabar Nut; syn. Adhatoda vasica Nees is a medicinal plant native to Asia. The plant is found abudently in wild in all over Nepal, India, Pothohar region of Pakistan particularly Pharwala area, within Pakistan it is the Provincial flower of the Punjab (Pakistan).

Adhatoda consists of the fresh or dried leaves of Adhatoda Vasica, Nees (N.O. Acanthaceae), a shrub growing in India. The leaves vary from 10 to 15 centimeters in length, and are about 4 centimeters broad; they are opposite, entire, lanceolate, and shortly petiolate, tapering towards both apex and base. When dry they are of a dull brownish-green colour; odour, characteristic; taste, bitter. They possess well-marked histological features, which can easily be seen in fragments of the leaf cleared by chloral hydrate. The stomata are elongated-oval in shape and surrounded by two crescent-shaped cells, the long axes of which are at right angles to the ostiole. The epidermis bears simple one- to three-celled warty hairs, and small glandular hairs with a quadricellular secreting gland. Cystoliths occur beneath the epidermis of the under surface. Both hairs and cystoliths vary in number in different specimens

Several alkaloids are present in the leaves and the chief principle is a quinazoline alkaloid, vasicine; the yield of the alkaloid from different samples in India ranged from 0.541 to 1.105 per cent on dry basis. Vasicine is accompanied by l- vasicinone., deoxyvasicine and maiontone, Some minor alkaloids viz. Vasicol, adhatodinine and vasicinol also present.

Pharmacology and Action
2009/1/29 Nayan Singh <>

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