Salvadora persica (Peelu)

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J.M. Garg

Mar 29, 2009, 8:28:08 AM3/29/09
to indiantreepix
In Krishna WS in A.P. on 28/2/09.
With regards,
"We often ignore the beauty around us"
Creating Awareness about Indian Flora & Fauna:
For learning about our trees & plants, please visit/ join Google e-group (Indiantreepix)

Salvadora persica (Peelu) I2 IMG_6937.jpg
Salvadora persica (Peelu) I IMG_6937.jpg
Salvadora persica (Peelu) I IMG_6939.jpg
Salvadora persica (Peelu) I IMG_6940.jpg

dhaivat hathi

Mar 29, 2009, 2:49:21 PM3/29/09
to J.M. Garg, indiantreepix, rajdeep jhala, Hershal Pandya
A small query on two species of the same...
one is with red fruits and one is with the white fruits.. would request to provide the diffrence and the botanical names of both of them. attaching two pics as well (moderators can use these pics wherever needed).
Dhaivat hathi


J.M. Garg

Mar 29, 2009, 10:49:32 PM3/29/09
to dhaivat hathi, indiantreepix, rajdeep jhala, Hershal Pandya
Hi, Dhaivat ji.
It's not white but transparent pink. As per "Trees of Delhi":
"Fruits.....varying from transparent pink to deep ruby-red....."

2009/3/30 dhaivat hathi <>

Madhuri Pejaver

Mar 30, 2009, 2:35:04 AM3/30/09
to J.M. Garg, dhaivat hathi, indiantreepix, rajdeep jhala, Hershal Pandya

if i am not mistaken this the photograph of mangrove associate Salva dora fruits. these are green when immature then turn white trnsluscent, then pink and then purple and dark puple. you can see dark purple fruits in one of your photo.
these are tasty to eat but give a slight tangy taste when you eat. not to be eaten in large number because cause lightheadedness or give a feeling of drukenness.
is loved by birds like Bulbul, White cheeked bulbul, rosy pasture, maina etc.
masvack toothpaste has ingadient of the plant

--- On Mon, 30/3/09, dhaivat hathi <> wrote:
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J.M. Garg

Mar 30, 2009, 4:12:03 AM3/30/09
to Madhuri Pejaver, dhaivat hathi, indiantreepix, rajdeep jhala, Hershal Pandya
You are right, Madhuri ji.
Here are some extracts from Wikipedia link:

Salvadora persica (Arak, Galenia asiatica, Peelu, Pīlu, Salvadora indica, or toothbrush tree), is a species of Salvadora.[1][2]

Used for centuries as a natural toothbrush, its fibrous branches have been promoted by the World Health Organization for oral hygiene use. Research suggests that it contains a number of medically beneficial properties including abrasives, antiseptics, astringent, detergents, enzyme inhibitors, and fluoride.

Salvadora persica is a small tree or shrub with a crooked trunk, seldom more than one foot in diameter. Its bark is scabrous and cracked, whitish with pendulous extremities. The root bark of the tree is similar to sand, and the inner surfaces are an even lighter shade of brown. It has a pleasant fragrance, as well as a warm and pungent taste.

Salvadora persica is a popular chewing stick throughout the Indian subcontinent

2009/3/30 Madhuri Pejaver <>

jugal tiwari

Mar 30, 2009, 9:20:53 AM3/30/09
to dhaivat hathi,
I think the colour of fruit varies in Salvadora persica. There are only two species of Salvadora known in the World Salvadora persica and Salvadora oleoides.
Khari jal or Piloo or Piloodi is like a Kalp Vruksha of the desert region. It fruits from November till April and provides much needed food for many of our resident and migratory birds. Grey Hypocolius for instance feed predominantly on the berries of Salvadora persica.
Here at Centre for Desert and Ocean, I plant and grow over 5000 saplings of this species of Piloo in the desert and Banni every year. Best season to sow the seeds in Polybags is September-October. I have even grown Salvadora persica plants by cuttings.
While working in Massawa Eritrea NE Africa,with Seawater Farms Eritrea, we had successfuly grown Salvadora persica plants by seeds and cuttings and a 4 month old plant was then shifted to seawater irrigation and the plants survived well.
A 2-3 years old plant planted by us are in seeding stage now. The past 2-3 years of charcoal making in Kutch (fortunately banned now) had taken a huge toll of this species, people had cut Salvadora persica in huge numbers (They were allowed to cut Prosopis juliflora).
Salvadora persica grows erect as well as prostrate spreading on ground sometimes covering 20 metres radius, this species provides micro and macro habitat to Wildlife and an evergreen canopy in the desert.
Camels feed on the leaves of this plant, the Berreis (fruits) locally known as Makh or Piloo are not edible for human but are collected and sold in the market for extraction of oil (may be used in expensive soap and detergent making). The Famous tooth paste MISWAK is made from the extract of Salvadora persica. I once came across a Tigre tribal selling the roots of Salvadora persica outside a Mosque in massawa Eritrea NE Africa.
It is mentioned in the holy book that Miswak should be used for brushing the teeth before offering the preyers. It is medically proven that Salvadora persica contains important substance which can cure gingivitis, gum and tooth decay.
It is high time we should start planting native trees which are desert hardy and can grow on saline patches with minimum soil moisture. The Green Photo synthesis Industry should come up every where and the species selection in the areas like Banni, Great and Little Rann, banaskantha, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, jamnagar and along the 1650 km long coast of Gujarat and 7500 km long coast of India, Salvadora persica (where ever suitable should be planted,.
Salvadora persica is a Mangrove associate flora and together with other inter-tidal halophytes it forms the Mangal community.
I have collected 5 kg seeds of this species just a few days back and am going to plant them in Banni where this plant can grow well.
Jugal Tiwari
Centre for Desert and Ocean
village Moti Virani
Kutch, Gujarat 370665

--- On Mon, 3/30/09, dhaivat hathi <> wrote:
From: dhaivat hathi <>
Subject: [indiantreepix:9860] Re: Salvadora persica (Peelu)
To: "J.M. Garg" <>
Cc: "indiantreepix" <>, "rajdeep jhala" <>, "Hershal Pandya" <>
Grey Hypocolius male and female Kutch, Gujarat India Dec 2008.jpg

satish phadke

Mar 30, 2009, 9:54:00 AM3/30/09
to jugal tiwari, dhaivat hathi,
Great work Jugal. Very informative information.
Hats off to you.

2009/3/30 jugal tiwari <>



Dinesh Valke

Mar 30, 2009, 11:13:29 AM3/30/09
to satish phadke, jugal tiwari, dhaivat hathi,,
Many thanks to all: Garg ji for triggering this thread, Dhaivat ji for his small query, Madhuri ji for adding information, Jugal ji for inspiration.

Rakesh Biswas

Mar 30, 2009, 11:35:29 AM3/30/09
to Dinesh Valke, satish phadke, jugal tiwari, dhaivat hathi,,
I agree with Dinesh.
Learnt a lot from this interesting exchange of information on Salvadora persica.
warm regards,
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