Justicia adhatoda (Adulsa, Malabar Nut; syn. Adhatoda vasica Nees is a medicinal plant native to Asia. The plant is found abudently in wild in all over Nepal, India, Pothohar region of Pakistan particularly Pharwala area, within Pakistan it is the Provincial flower of the Punjab (Pakistan).
Adhatoda consists of the fresh or dried leaves of Adhatoda Vasica, Nees (N.O. Acanthaceae), a shrub growing in India. The leaves vary from 10 to 15 centimeters in length, and are about 4 centimeters broad; they are opposite, entire, lanceolate, and shortly petiolate, tapering towards both apex and base. When dry they are of a dull brownish-green colour; odour, characteristic; taste, bitter. They possess well-marked histological features, which can easily be seen in fragments of the leaf cleared by chloral hydrate. The stomata are elongated-oval in shape and surrounded by two crescent-shaped cells, the long axes of which are at right angles to the ostiole. The epidermis bears simple one- to three-celled warty hairs, and small glandular hairs with a quadricellular secreting gland. Cystoliths occur beneath the epidermis of the under surface. Both hairs and cystoliths vary in number in different specimens.
Several alkaloids are present in the leaves and the chief principle is a quinazoline alkaloid, vasicine; the yield of the alkaloid from different samples in India ranged from 0.541 to 1.105 per cent on dry basis. Vasicine is accompanied by l- vasicinone., deoxyvasicine and maiontone, Some minor alkaloids viz. Vasicol, adhatodinine and vasicinol also present.
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It is a Cassine spp. possibly C. paniculata. Haven't got photographs of C.paniculata but am sending you photographs of C.glauca [locally called Bhutuxia] for comparison. The photographs were taken at Shahapur.
--- On Tue, 2/3/09, narendra joshi <nare...@yahoo.com> wrote:
Here is another reply:"Hi,for me it looks like a species of Gymnosporia (= Maytenus), most probably G. ovata.Vijayasankar."
it seems to be Henkal - Maytenus senegalensis - if it was a shrub. Flowers & leaves seem to be of henkal. What about thorns ?----- Original Message -----From: narendra joshiTo: IndiantreesSent: Tuesday, February 03, 2009 3:34 PMSubject: [indiantreepix:8231] Plant for ID
Hi Friends,Attached herewith photographs of a flowering tree for ID. Photo taken at Satara in November.Thanks.Narendra Joshi
"We often ignore the beauty around us"
According to Dr.Almeida's 'Flora of Mahareashtra' Vol 1, page 243 - Maytenus senegalensisis the new name for Gymnosporia montana / Gymnosporia emarginata.
--- On Tue, 11/17/09, J.M. Garg <jmg...@gmail.com> wrote:
Dear Neil ji
The genus Gymnosporia has been very problematic in the past and it is unfortunately very confusing. I hope somebody will put up photos of proper G. senegalensis and G. emarginata from the North West and South India respectively.
With best wishes, Robert
Robert H. Archer
Scientist National Biodiversity Institute
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