Tree's sporting the summer look #8 of 15 | Strychnos Nux Vomia

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raghu ananth

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Apr 9, 2010, 7:58:23 AM4/9/10
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Tree's sporting the summer look #8 of 15 

Strychnos Nux Vomia
Mushti
Orange red fruit,  One can see some of the fruits eeaten up. The fruits are considered Poisonous - both  pulp and seed. But, this does not prevent some of the birds like hornbill, parrot and  primates like langur eating them !!!

At present,  1 Kg of the fruit costs Rs. 300/- (for Medicinal purpose)


Date/Time-27 Mar 2010, 11:06:48
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Mamandur, Andhra Pradesh, 
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Eastern ghats
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length-approx - 18 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-  Oval, oblique, apex -rounded or acute, As in the picture, Size - ~5 inches
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-cm - 
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Poisonous, globular, hard shell-Oranged red color, 2.5 inches  Please see the picture of the pulp.
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-1 Kg of the fruit costs Rs. 300/-. But, birds like hornbill, parrot and  primates like langur are known to eat the them !!!




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Muthu Karthick

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Apr 9, 2010, 8:11:49 AM4/9/10
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Nice pictures Raghuji.

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raghu ananth

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Apr 9, 2010, 9:10:20 AM4/9/10
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Typo correction- Pls read Strychnos Nux Vomia as  Strychnos Nux Vomica

But, Is it used in  making a person  to vomit ? Please clarify.

Little bit literature on Strychnos Nux Vomica literature, thought of  sharing with you.

Few decades back the seeds were exported to Australia in a large scale - to control Rabbit overpopulation
Used in rat poisoning,
Bitter taste 1 : 4,00,000 strychnine and water proportions can still make the water taste bitter,
To treat mentally ill patients, Improve blood circulation
Used in small quantities by drug addicts for small time pleasures, 
Entire tree is poisonous, but the poison is mainly concentrated in the seeds. Sometimes, the grazing cow eats the leaves of this tree, and then the milk of this cow tastes bitter like that of the tree. Then the milk is considered  dangerous to humans.

English poet Milton, when these seeds entered London city in 1637.

"That fatal and 
perfidious drug
built in the eclipse and
 rigged with curses dark"

Regards
Raghu




From: raghu ananth <ragh...@yahoo.com>
To: indian...@googlegroups.com
Sent: Fri, 9 April, 2010 5:28:23 PM
Subject: [efloraofindia:31777] Tree's sporting the summer look #8 of 15 | Strychnos Nux Vomia
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Satish Phadke

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Apr 9, 2010, 9:30:36 AM4/9/10
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Excellent set of pictures with illustrations Raghu ji. Thanks for sharing.
Dr Phadke

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tanay bose

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Apr 9, 2010, 12:18:01 PM4/9/10
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Dear Raghu Ji I will not only appreciate your pictures but also for the really nice but short illustration of the plant with the medically important secondary metabolites.
Thank you very very much !!!!
Tanay
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Muthu Karthick

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Apr 10, 2010, 3:32:42 AM4/10/10
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Nice Raghuji,

you provided good information, also I appreciate your quotes on Milton's poetic view.

Once I read in a book on Indian NTFPs quoting that the name 'vomica' does not relates to vomiting.

If any of you like to share more information of this nomenclature origin?

Muthu Karthick

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Apr 10, 2010, 3:36:14 AM4/10/10
to tanay bose, Satish Phadke, raghu ananth, indian...@googlegroups.com
The grey disc-shaped seeds of this tree is exported to many nations from Dindigul and Madurai District of Tamil Nadu. 

Tamil Name: Yettikaai; Yetti

Pankaj Oudhia

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Apr 10, 2010, 3:46:13 AM4/10/10
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Additional useful information Raghu ji


Oudhia, P., 2008. Strychnos nux-vomica L. In: Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A. (Editors). Prota 11(1): Medicinal plants/Plantes médicinales 1. [CD-Rom]. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands.

http://database.prota.org/PROTAhtml/Strychnos%20nux-vomica_En.htm


Pankaj Oudhia

On Fri, Apr 9, 2010 at 5:28 PM, raghu ananth <ragh...@yahoo.com> wrote:
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