Army Reservist Sues Pentagon, Says Restricting Book Was Anti-Free
An Army Reserve officer is suing the Pentagon and U.S. intelligence
agencies, claiming that they violated his free speech rights by
blocking the distribution of his book and then restricting its
contents over concerns it threatened national security.
Lt. Col. Anthony Shaffer's First Amendment lawsuit, filed in the U.S.
District Court in Washington, D.C., targets the Defense Department for
buying 9,500 copies of his book, “Operation Dark Heart” for $50,000
and destroying them. The lawsuit also names the Defense Intelligence
Agency and the Central Intelligence Agency as defendants.
“Because the defendants have impermissibly infringed upon Shaffer’s
right to publish unclassified information in Operation Dark Heart,
they have violated Shaffer’s First Amendment rights,” the lawsuit
The suit provides a rare insight into the internal review process for
the publication of books based on the search for senior Al Qaeda
leadership in post-9/11 Afghanistan.
The lawsuit was filed by national security lawyer Mark Zaid and
alleges that the book was compiled by Shaffer along with a former
Washington Post reporter and author, Jacqui Salmon, who used
unclassified or "open source" documents and independent interviews.
The manuscript was submitted to Shaffer’s Army Reserve chain of
command for review in June 2009 and ultimately given “a favorable
legal and operational security review” in January. The court documents
state, “the Army Reserve believed that the book had been reviewed and
approved as having been completely clear of any classified
The suit alleges that the Defense Intelligence Agency “claims to have
first learned of Operation Dark Heart on or about May 27, 2010” and
then leaned on the Army Reserve to withdraw its clearance of the book.
“It was noted that there was ‘tremendous pressure’ being brought upon
the Army by DIA to withdraw the Reserve’s approval for the publication
of the book,” the lawsuit alleges, adding that “Shaffer was told to be
aware there is a ‘huge target on your back…’”
Three weeks later, on July 22, “a DIA public affairs official called
Shaffer and informed him that DIA had read the manuscript and claimed
it contained ‘classified information.’” The suit contends that the
DIA’s requests for minor edits turned into sweeping requests to
withdraw or modify information already in the public domain.
“Contrary to the initial statements by the defendants as to the
‘surgical editing’ that was to be undertaken, the defendants requested
significant changes to include modifying information that had been
previously declassified, taken from open sources or obtained by Ms.
Salmon, Shaffer’s ghost writer.”
The suit continues: “Eventually, approximately 250 pages out of 320
pages of Operation Dark Heart were required to contain redactions in
order to allegedly prevent the disclosure of classified information.
Little to none of this information, however, is actually classified.”
To back up these claims, the suit lists various media organizations
and websites that obtained advance copies of the book and compared the
redacted portions to publicly available information.
The suit says that the DIA’s efforts “are part of a continuing bad
faith retaliatory campaign against Shaffer that dates back to 2004
when DIA initiated a frivolous action against him to revoke his
security clearance. The Army Reserve discounted the allegations and in
the midst of the DIA’s efforts, and with full knowledge of them,
nevertheless promoted Shaffer to Lt. Col. In 2005, Shaffer became a
national security whistleblower when he publicly claimed that a covert
Pentagon task force called ‘ABLE DANGER’ which he was part of, had
identified Mohammed Atta, the lead hijacker in the September 11th
attacks, before the assaults on New York and the Pentagon.”
In October, a document obtained by Fox News and interviews with
witnesses raised new questions over whether there was an effort by the
Defense Department to cover up the pre-9/11 military intelligence
program “Able Danger.” At least five witnesses questioned by the
Defense Department’s inspector general told Fox News that their
statements were distorted by investigators in the final IG’s report –
or it left out key information, backing up assertions that the lead
hijacker was identified one year before 9/11.
Fox News, as part of an ongoing investigation by its specials unit,
exclusively obtained a clean copy of the IG report and spoke to
several principal witnesses, including an intelligence and data
collector who asked that she not be named. The witness told Fox News
that she was interview twice by a Defense Department investigator. She
said she told the investigator that it was a highly likely a
department database included the picture of Atta, whom she knew under
an alias, Mohammed el-Sayed.
In addition, the court documents state “the Department of Army has
initiated an internal 15-6 investigation into Shaffer and the
publication of his book. That investigation remains on going.”
Spokesmen for the CIA and DIA said they would not comment on pending
litigation. In at least one case, the agency had not seen the suit.
There was no immediate response from the Defense Department.