Java 17 support

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Peter Burka

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Feb 19, 2021, 1:05:34 PM2/19/21
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Java 17 will be released later this year, and will be the first long term support (LTS) OpenJDK version since Java 11 in 2018. I imagine that Guice 5 will add support for Java 17, however the current beta version does not work on Java 17 early-access as it includes an out-of-date shaded version of ASM.

What is the anticipated schedule for releasing Guice 5? Will it be available before Java 17? Will there be any additional beta releases before GA?

Are there any plans to update Guice 4 with Java 17 support, too?

Thank you!

Brian Pontarelli

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Feb 19, 2021, 1:44:51 PM2/19/21
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I’d be interested in this as well since we will be upgrading to Java 17 for FusionAuth once it is released.

And not to hijack, but will it be possible to remove Guava and all shaded deps?

Guava is a great example of how not to manage a library and it keeps rolling major versions that break compatibility. Tons of libraries uses different versions and regularly break our classpath. We are slowly yanking libraries in FusionAuth that use CGLIB, ASM, and Guava. It would be awesome if Guice could yank those deps. Ideally, Guice would have no deps (except javax.inject) and just be a drop in lib.

— Brian

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Peter Burka

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Mar 9, 2021, 6:33:05 PM3/9/21
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The new 5.0.1 release appears to work with Java 17.

I'm also going to assume that the Google engineers who maintain Guice don't monitor this group.

Stuart McCulloch

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Mar 14, 2021, 6:57:22 PM3/14/21
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On Fri, 19 Feb 2021 at 18:44, Brian Pontarelli <br...@pontarelli.com> wrote:
I’d be interested in this as well since we will be upgrading to Java 17 for FusionAuth once it is released.

And not to hijack, but will it be possible to remove Guava and all shaded deps?
 
In the latest release (5.0.1) the CGLIB dependency has been removed leaving ASM as the only shaded dependency - because it's shaded it shouldn't conflict with other versions on your classpath.

Guava used to be shaded as well, but this caused overhead for users who were also using Guava elsewhere in their application. It also made it harder to pick up Guava fixes in-between releases of Guice. So it's now a direct dependency that people can decide to shade themselves if they want to use different versions on their classpath.

Removing Guava completely would be a big undertaking - it's not part of the public API, but the internals use it for caches and multimap support.

Guava is a great example of how not to manage a library and it keeps rolling major versions that break compatibility. Tons of libraries uses different versions and regularly break our classpath. We are slowly yanking libraries in FusionAuth that use CGLIB, ASM, and Guava. It would be awesome if Guice could yank those deps. Ideally, Guice would have no deps (except javax.inject) and just be a drop in lib.

— Brian

On Feb 19, 2021, at 11:05 AM, Peter Burka <pe...@quux.net> wrote:

Java 17 will be released later this year, and will be the first long term support (LTS) OpenJDK version since Java 11 in 2018. I imagine that Guice 5 will add support for Java 17, however the current beta version does not work on Java 17 early-access as it includes an out-of-date shaded version of ASM.

What is the anticipated schedule for releasing Guice 5? Will it be available before Java 17? Will there be any additional beta releases before GA?

Are there any plans to update Guice 4 with Java 17 support, too?

Thank you!


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Brian Pontarelli

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Apr 5, 2021, 10:43:26 AM4/5/21
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I understand why it would be best to leave Guava out of shading, but it really causes issues because of the way that Guava manages releases and versioning. The fact that it is on major version 27 while many projects are using version 10 is an issue. Every time a library upgrades Guava, we are all just hoping that it doesn’t break out entire classpath at runtime due to some incompatible change. And manually shading everything in our classpath for every upgrade is not feasible (hence the reason we are removing Guava deps whenever possible).

I’d be willing to provide a bounty if someone is willing to remove Guava completely and can get the PR accepted.

— Brian

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Nov 19, 2021, 4:35:13 PM11/19/21
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IMO, if a lib breaks backwards compatibility so often as Guava, it must be shaded: otherwise conflicts are unavoidable. The real problem is that Guava is too big as mentioned before. The right solution IMO would be to split it to smaller sub-libs. This way shading a small part that Guice depends on, would not be a problem anymore.

Cheers!

Brian Pontarelli

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Dec 2, 2021, 3:31:40 PM12/2/21
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I agree 100%. 

My offer of a bounty still stands. Seriously. Happy to discuss actual numbers, but it would definitely be worth it for us to pay a good rate to get this fixed. FusionAuth would be the corporate sponsor of this effort in case anyone is interested.

— Brian

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 9, 2021, 2:10:57 AM12/9/21
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Unfortunately I think that the part "get the PR accepted"  is the main blocker here: I doubt google would be interested in such change: internally they build everything from HEAD of each dependency each time (or at least they used to), so versioning is not an issue for them. On top of this, they use Guice for almost every piece of Java code (again, at least they used to), so I'm afraid they will view any change that does not solve some of *their* problems as an unnecessary risk. On top of on top of this add general unresponsiveness of google to issues and PRs on Guice github repo, so even just starting a discussion what could possibly be an acceptable solution from google's point of view may turn impossible.
As a consequence, anyone undertaking such task will risk all of his work to never be accepted (or even considered) due to these "political" reasons regardless of his solution's quality and usefulness for non-google users :(

At least for the sake of this conversation, let's try to discuss possible approaches nevertheless:
- duplicating Guava's functionality directly into Guice is an ugly solution, introduces maintenance problems and IMO should NOT be ever accepted.
- putting Guava's functionality required by Guice into a separate lib (let's call it "guice-guava") and creating in Guice's pom an additional profile that uses this lib (shaded and relocated) instead of Guava: this way Guice code stays pure, but this new lib has exactly the same problems as described in the previous point.
- creating guice-guava by including Guava as its submodule and linking from `src/main/java` to a subset of java files in guice-guava submodule folder (hence including only necessary classes in guice-guava) may be reasonable solution. Whether it's actually feasible depends how deep is the dependency graph of Guava classes required by Guice.

Cheers!

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 9, 2021, 7:04:12 AM12/9/21
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hmm, it's just come to me that maybe it's possible to achieve the same result without a need for guice-guava, using only maven-shade-plugin's filters and  "minimizeJar" option: in theory it should exactly include only classes that the project actually uses: https://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-shade-plugin/shade-mojo.html#minimizeJar
(which makes me wonder why wasn't it used in the first place back when Guava was shaded...)

Stuart McCulloch

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Dec 9, 2021, 7:43:43 AM12/9/21
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You'll find that while it saves some space it will still pull in a lot of Guava, which is the main reason why Guice stopped shading it in for everyone.

With the current setup anyone who wants to shade in Guava can still do that, while everyone else is free to use a common Guava library without the bloat.

One compromise could be to add a "guice-all" module to the build which puts Guice and its implementation dependencies into an uber jar.

(Although if there's a security issue in the version of Guava shaded in then you'd then need to wait for a new release of Guice vs. shading it yourself.)


Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 9, 2021, 8:54:12 AM12/9/21
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Hi,
I don't exactly understand what you mean by "anyone who wants to shade in Guava can still do that". If you mean "anyone can make their own build of Guice", then it's quite a burden: you need to maintain a private maven repo only for this modified build of Guice for lifetime (at least for the lifetime of your project), rebuild it each time a new upstream Guice version is released etc...
If you have something else in mind, then please kindly elaborate when you have a moment: maybe I'm missing some nice and easy solution ;-)

OTOH, maven-shade-plugin also has `shadedArtifactAttached` and `shadedClassifierName` flags which allow to build and deploy both jars at once (with and without shaded+relocated+minimized Guava). This way it would be easy for everyone, right?

Cheers!

Sam Berlin

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Dec 9, 2021, 9:03:22 AM12/9/21
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I don't think we want to remove the ability to have a non-shaded Guava (and have that as the default), but if it's possible to build both at once, and if Maven supports a way of saying: "Hey, every time my dependency tree depends of Guice, instead use this <other Guava-shaded version of it>", I see no particular problem with that.

Assuming both are possible and unless Stuart or someone else has a strong reason why allowing this is a bad idea, I'd be happy to accept a PR for it.

Note that I wouldn't want to do this for *all* the dependencies. We don't want to get back into the habit of needing to rerelease Guice whenever a dependency has a new version, even if that version is backwards compatible. This is particularly true for ASM.

sam


Stuart McCulloch

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Dec 9, 2021, 9:07:49 AM12/9/21
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Right, that's what I meant by adding a "guice-all" module or by having another classifier for the shaded artifact - that would be the best compromise imho.

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 9, 2021, 10:29:37 AM12/9/21
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@Sam
adding the below to build plugins in pom.xml

        <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
                <executions>
                        <execution>
                                <phase>package</phase>
                                <goals>
                                        <goal>shade</goal>
                                </goals>
                                <configuration>
                                        <artifactSet>
                                                <includes>
                                                        <include>com.google.guava:guava</include>
                                                </includes>
                                        </artifactSet>
                                        <relocations>
                                                <relocation>
                                                        <pattern>com.google.common</pattern>
                                                        <shadedPattern>com.google.inject.shadedcommon</shadedPattern>
                                                </relocation>
                                        </relocations>
                                        <shadedArtifactAttached>true</shadedArtifactAttached>
                                        <shadedClassifierName>shadedguava</shadedClassifierName>
                                        <minimizeJar>true</minimizeJar>
                                </configuration>
                        </execution>
                </executions>
        </plugin>

should result in an additional jar being produced named guice-5.0.2-shadedguava.jar that will include all Guava classes that Guice depends on relocated to com.google.inject.shadedcommon package (excluding Guava classes not used by Guice and excluding any other dependencies).
Meanwhile guice-5.0.2.jar will not be affected in anyway.

Later on projects using Guice will be able to do 1 of the below:
- depend on standard build of Guice that has transitive compile dependency on Guava that will be included in war/uber-jar:

        <dependencies>
                <dependency>
                        <groupId>com.google.inject</groupId>
                        <artifactId>guice</artifactId>
                        <version>5.0.2</version>
                </dependency>
                <!-- other deps here -->
        </dependencies>

- depend on -shadedguava build that includes relocated Guava classes and exclude dependency on full stand-alone Guava:

        <dependencies>
                <dependency>
                        <groupId>com.google.inject</groupId>
                        <artifactId>guice</artifactId>
                        <version>5.0.2</version>
                        <classifier>shadedguava</classifier>
                        <exclusions>
                                <exclusion>
                                        <groupId>com.google.guava</groupId>
                                        <artifactId>guava</artifactId>
                                </exclusion>
                        </exclusions>
                </dependency>
                <!-- other deps here -->
        </dependencies>

I will try to prepare a PR with this. The only potential problem I see is that Guice already uses JarJar plugin to shade ASM and I'm not sure if they will not conflict with each other. As I understand jars deployed to maven-central are build using guice.with.jarjar profile, correct? In case of conflicts between JarJar and maven-shade-plugin would it be acceptable to use maven-shade-plugin for shading ASM as well instead of JarJar?

Thanks!

Sam Berlin

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Dec 9, 2021, 11:53:34 AM12/9/21
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I thought we had stopped shading ASM, guess I was wrong.  I'm OK switching fully to shade and dropping jarjar, assuming it works as well or better.

Let's give the shaded one a generic "deps-are-shaded"-like name, so that maybe in the future we can drop the ASM shading and tell folks to use the shaded-deps version if they want all the deps self-contained.

sam

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 9, 2021, 12:58:54 PM12/9/21
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now I'm a bit confused what should be the final output ;-)

variant 1: no profiles
    guice-5.0.2.jar  -> without anything shaded
    guice-5.0.2-shaded.jar -> with ASM and Guava shaded

variant 2: 2 profiles:
default profile:
    guice-5.0.2.jar -> without anything shaded
to-be-deployed-to-maven-central-profile:
    guice-5.0.2.jar -> with ASM shaded
    guice-5.0.2-shaded.jar -> with ASM and Guava shaded

variant 3: no profiles:
    guice-5.0.2.jar -> with ASM shaded
    guice-5.0.2-shaded.jar -> with ASM and Guava shaded

...or something even else?

Stuart McCulloch

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Dec 9, 2021, 1:05:00 PM12/9/21
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IMHO for the next release it should be variant 3: no profiles:

    guice-5.0.2.jar -> with ASM shaded (or jarjar'd)

    guice-5.0.2-shaded.jar -> with ASM and Guava shaded

Note the build already produces a jar that has nothing shaded:

    guice-5.0.2-classes.jar


Sam Berlin

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Dec 9, 2021, 1:08:46 PM12/9/21
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I think I agree on variant (3), but I just want to be clear on what "no profiles" means.  Maven users depending on Guice will get the "with ASM shaded" version [same as today], and can opt-in to swapping that out for the "with ASM & Guava shaded" version with some "simple" Maven incantations?

sam

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 9, 2021, 1:24:56 PM12/9/21
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Just to make sure: so the current possibility of turning off  ASM shading (by deactivating guice.with.jarjar profile)  is not used by anyone?

@Stuart, thanks for pointing!

@Sam, exactly: that's what that was supposed to mean.

Thanks!

Piotr Morgwai Kotarbinski

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Dec 10, 2021, 2:00:51 PM12/10/21
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@Stuart @Sam https://github.com/google/guice/pull/1553

This adds creation of `guice-X.X.X-shadedasmguava.jar` with both asm and guava shaded. I've chosen `shadedasmguava` instead of just `shaded` as the latter by convention means that *all* deps are shaded, which is not the case: please let me know if you are ok with this.
I've tested both `guice-5.0.2-SNAPSHOT.jar` and `guice-5.0.2-SNAPSHOT-shadedasmguava.jar` with some of my projects and they seem to work correctly.

btw, I think the current naming scheme of other jars is very confusing:
guice-X.X.X.jar -> asm shaded
guice-X.X.X-classes.jar -> nothing shaded

I think in the future we should make classifiers self-explanatory:
guice-X.X.X.jar -> nothing shaded
guice-X.X.X-shadedasm.jar -> asm shaded
guice-X.X.X-shadedasmguava.jar -> asm and guava shaded

Cheers!
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