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explorator 26.09

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Jun 18, 2023, 11:53:07 AM6/18/23
explorator 26.09 June 18, 2023
You can read explorator online at:

Thanks to Arthur Shippee, Dave Sowdon, Edward Rockstein, Kurt Theis,
John McMahon, Barnea Selavan, Joseph Lauer, Mike Ruggeri, Hernan Astudillo,
Richard Campbell, Barbara Saylor Rodgers, Bob Heuman, David Critchley,
Richard Miller, Kris Curry, Rick Heli, Richard C. Griffiths, Frank MacKay, Cristopher Kimberley,
Don Buck, mata kimasitayo, and Ross W. Sargent for headses upses this week
(as always hoping I have left no one out).

A reconstruction of Lucy's musculature to demonstrate that 'she' walked upright:


Evidence of the presence of 86 000 years bp homo sapiens from the Tam Pa Ling Cave on Laos:


A 42 000 years bp Mongolian pendant may be the earliest known phallic art:

More on claims that homo naledi buried their dead:

More on the oldest human footprint from South Africa:

On human evolution and curly hair:

Suggestion that 'Viking disease' may originate in Neanderthal genes:

Controversial suggestion that fossils in Greece point to human ancestors evolving in Europe, not Africa:
More on genomic evidence being used to suggest farming arrived in northwest Africa via migrants from Europe and the Levant:
A network of stone walls along the Nile in Egypt and Sudan are a form of hydraulic engineering:

Residue analysis suggests followers of Bes may have used hallucinogens in their rituals:

Egypt has reopened the Al-Zahir Baybars mosque after 225 years:

... and the Marina Al-Alamein site in Alexandria will soon open to the public:

More on Egypt's dispute with a Dutch museum over an exhibit:

More on the mummification workshops found at Saqqara:

Evidence of an early Islamic-era settlement in Iran's West Azarbaijan province:

... and Seljuk (and later) structures from Tepe Armideli in East Azarbaijan:

Ecbatana is seeking UNESCO registration:

More on the use of AI to translate cuneiform documents:

12 000 years bp bird bone flutes from the Natufian Eynan-Mallaha site in northern Israel:

Kids on a school trip (of course) to Tel Azekah found a 2500 years bp Egyptian scarab seal:

A woman found a 3000 years bp 'Egyptian goddess figurine' on an Israel beach:

The fortress at Hyrcania is being excavated for the first time:

Feature on archaeological labourers in 20th century Palestine:

Again we read of Israeli forces 'raiding' Sebastia:

Overview of finds from various periods found at the Al Ain site in Abu Dhabi:
This Week in the Ancient Near East Podcast:

Overview of the dig at the Temple of Artemis in Evia:

Somewhat vague item on recent finds from Parnitha National Park (date not specified):

Iron Age and Roman vinds from a dig at Brills Farm in Norton Disney:

A 1st century BCE/CE Roman villa find during solar panel installation in Campania:

I think we mentioned this 2000 years bp burial found during renovations at a Gozo Ministry site:

Roman pottery found during Naxxar road construction (Malta):

2000 years bp Roman pottery from a community archaeology dig in Weobley:

The Liberty of Southwark development site in London revealed remains of a Roman mausoleum:

A 2nd/3rd century CE Roman site is being excavated in Reims:

A 1900 years bp silver phalera depicting Medusa and other finds from Vindolanda:

An 1800 years bp Roman burial in Romania was topped by a wolf's skull by a later looter:

Overview of excavations just underway at Birdoswald Fort on Hadrian's Wall:

More on Roman tweezers from Wroxeter:

More on the 2000 votives from a sanctuary site on Kythnos:

More on the study of Roman 'liquid gypsum' burials:

More on what ancient Romans smelled like:

More on that 2000 years bp doctor burial in Hungary:

More on Romans breeding small bulldog type canines:

More on the shipwrecks recently found in the Skerki Bank off Tunisia:

More on the broken statue of Pan from Istanbul:

More on increased activity at the Campi Flegrei:


A dispute at Yeroskipou over plans to build a hotel on an ancient site:

The dig at the Roman site in Carlisle has been extended:

Paul Cartledge on why the Parthenon sculptures should be returned:

Feature on Tamar Gendler's remix of Plato:

Review of Peter Brown, *Journeys of the Mind*:

Pondering the Buddha figurine from Berenike:

Feature on the problems of statues with missing heads:

Feature on the Villa of the Quintilii:

Feature on the Eleusinian Mysteries:

Feature on Julius Caesar's last words:

Feature on a manuscript relating a battle of Greeks and Goths at Themopylae in the 3rd century CE:

Feature on Diogenes of Sinope:

Feature on daily life in ancient Greece:

Feature on 'Pluto's Gate' in Turkiye:

.. and the Cape Matapan Caves:

A suggestion about Greek fire:

Feature on early Christian persecution in Rome:

... and what we can learn from Pliny about early Christianity:

Feature on what ancient Roman music sounded like:

Feature on Gladiator helmets:

Feature on Cleopatra's beauty secrets:

Feature on Drako:

Feature on the mythical Trojan origins of Pontevedra:

Feature on Alexander's campanion cavalry:

Feature on how ancient Greek armies fed the troops:

Repeated feature on the Greekness of the Griffin Warrior:

Feature on Greek architecture:

... and Roman architecture:

... and Neoclassical architecture:

OpEd responding to Musk's suggestion the US needs a Sulla:
Roman Archaeology Blog:

Ice Age evidence of homo sapiens in Britain from Wogan Cavern:

Efforts to preserve some 7000 years bp fish traps from a Norwegian lake (found last summer):

A Bronze Age cremation burial of a child in Oxfordshire included a pin made from a golden eagle's phalanx:

... which was one find from assorted finds from various periods:

Plans to raise a 3000 years bp 'sewn boat' found off the shore of Croatia a while ago:

3000 years bp barley grains, eating utensils and horseshoes from excavations at the Asva mound in Saaremaa (Estonia):

A very well preserved 3000 years bp bronze sword from a burial in Germany:

A metal detectorist in Poland came across a 2500 years bp bronze hoard:

This week's 'phallic stone' comes from a Viking Age site in Sweden:

A piece of sandstone with an image of a Viking ship may be the oldest picture ever found in Iceland:

A 10th century textile ('female costume') found during excavations in Seydisfjordur:

A 'post medieval' silver disk found by a metal detectorist in Aldingham a few years ago was declared treasure:

Overview of the ongoing dig at Soulton Hall:

More on the Bronze Age/Chalcolithic petroglyphs from the Prades mountains (Spain):

More on the Bronze Age burial mounds near Stonehenge:

More on the 4600 years bp carved oak piece found in peat in Wales:

More on that medieval stone 'sharpening' phallus from Spain :

More on evidence of early 'drug use' in Menorca:

The mayor of Carnac is now getting death threats after allowing the removal of menhirs to build a hardware store:

... and a Carnac church was vandalized in response as well, apparently:

... in case you missed it:

... and now we're reading that it might be a false claim:

Feature on the Picts:

Feature on the Newport Medieval Ship Project:

Evidence of malaria in Medici-era Italy:

Feature on the Mont Saint-Michel abbey on the occasion of its 1000th anniversary:

Archaeology in Europe News:

Viking Archaeology Blog:

Easter Zhou Dynasty porcelain percussion instruments from the Dahutou site:

Shang Dynasty burials, structural remains, and bronze casting workshops from Shaanxi (we may have mentioned this):

A Neolithic celt from Poothinatham village in Tamil Nadu:

Petroglyphs from Gansu Province have been digitized after a two years of fieldwork:

Feature on some Ming Dynasty shipwrecks found last year:

Feature on the armour and weapons of various Central Asian steppe nomad peoples:

A Menhir and megalithic burial sites in Kodumanal have been declared protected monuments:

Feature on a Mauryan-era stupa excavated back in 1999 which is still awaiting an official report:

Interesting feature on old plans for a metro in Kolkata:
A 150 years bp waka (canoe) from the Patea River in New Zealand:

More on Moluccan ships depicted in Aboriginal petroglyphs:
14 000 years bp finds from the Powars II Paleoindian site in Wyoming:

Study suggests 'paleo Americans' were hunting mastodons, mammoths and other megafauna in eastern North America 13 000 years bp:

A 6000-9000 years bp site found during road construction preparations in Arkansas:

6000 years bp 'earth ovens' from Washington state:

Study suggests hundreds of skulls from the Crenshaw site in Arkansas are ancestors of the Caddo people:

Overview of a field school dig at a 1000 years bp Fremont village site at Hinckley Mounds (Utah):

Overview of a field school dig at Fort Mose (Florida) which was the first free Black settlement in the US:

Feature on African-American burials in St Mary's (Maryland):

Feature on a field school dig on Metis-associated land along the Sturgeon River (Alberta):

Feature on a USC field school in Columbia (South Carolina):

Using GPR to locate unmarked Acadian graves in Falmouth:

More on the gaming die from Colonial Michilimackinac:

More on Beringians relying on fish during the Younger Dryas period:

The contents of the time capsule in Albany's statue of Philip Shuyler have been revealed:

Concerns for a 19th century lighthouse in NY's Hudson Valley:
A 3000 years bp mummified person find from beneath a Lima garbage dump (?):

Elsewhere in Lima, another (as yet undated) mummified person surrounded by coca leaves from a site near a soccer club's practice field:

Study suggests climate change played a role in war between early Andean cultures:


More on the recently-found Nazca glyphs using AI:

More on the Moche murals from Panamarca:

Mike Ruggeri's Ancient Americas Breaking News:

Mike Ruggeri's Ancient Americas lecture channels on Youtube:

Ancient MesoAmerica News:
Feature on work being done on Notre Dame:

Feature on the history of long hair on men:

Pondering how many shipwrecks there are around the world:

A 'killer rabbit' (!) mentioned in a 15th century manuscript:

Pondering how to survive assorted deadly historical disasters:

Feature on incarceration of Japanese Americans from Hawaii during WWII:

More on the identification of Mona Lisa's bridge:
Latest climate protest features activists smearing a Monet with red paint:

Some Juneteenth-related items:

Ukraine is training 'monuments men' to save cultural heritage:

... while another team is laser scanning historical sites:

More on sites damaged after the Kakhova dam was destroyed:

... while a man found a Byzantine amphora on an Odesa beach:

A study of the origins of Indigenous languages in Latin America:

Feature on the interesting grammar of the Great Adamanese language:


Chester Beatty papyri:

Madrid's Islamic heritage:

The Origins of the Sacred Image:

Masterpieces from the National Archaeological Museum of Naples:

Mythology and Culture of Ancient Greece and Rome:



Kallerup Hoard:

Cromwell prayer book:

A new museum in Malta's Xlendi tower:

Upgrades are in store for the Chios Archaeological Museum:

Toronto has opened a Holocaust Museum:

Feature on the Museum of Stone Tools:

Feature on the Pergamon Museum:
High hopes for a Klimt coming to auction:

The French government blocked the sale of Charlotte Corday's manifesto:

On the use of AI to find sites in Mesopotamia:

Another feature on assorted tech used to find sites:

St James Way:

Germany's Fachwerkhauser:

A young Tewkesbury musician has acquired a 240 years bp violin:

Fines for a metal detectorist in Ireland who failed to report some medieval finds:

Iranian customs authorities confiscated a pile of illicit coins and antiquities in Bandar Lengeh:

A statue from Afghanistan (probably) was seized at the Port of Seattle:

A California man is on trial for importing a looted Roman mosaic from Syria:

Interpol has issued an arrest notice for Georges Lotfi for trafficking stolen antiquities:

Smugglers in Turkiye were caught with an 1100 years bp Bible:

Those activists who glued themselves to the Laocoon received a hefty fine from a Vatican court:

Feature on a Cambodian statue that showed up at a Sotheby's auction and eventually revealed a smuggling ring:

conflict antiquities:

anonymous swiss collector:

Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues:

Looting Matters:

Illicit Cultural Property:


Israel asked for the public to return any illicit artifacts in their possession:

... and they received a 1700 years bp anchor:

... and 'thousands' of other items:

A Dutch court has rule that some objects from Crimea should be returned to Ukraine:

France return a couple of items to Egypt:

Italy returned an Assyrian artifact to Iraq:

The story of a returned stolen Picasso:

On King Charles and looted objects in the Royal Collection:

Cameroon wants its Ngonnso statue returned from a German museum:

The Netherlands is returning six items to Sri Lanka:

The British Museum has a Caryatid that the Greeks would like returned:

Belgium's Africa Museum is rethinking its relationship with Congo:

A Bavarian National Museum curator is tracking down rightful owners of Nazi-looted silver items:

Health concerns associated with Germany's return of Kogi masks to Colombia:

OpEd on returning items to Turkiye:
Latest e-Sylum:

... and the one which should appear later today:

Coin Week:

Peter Harbison:

Wolf Liebeschuetz (pdf):

Pierre Cabanes:
Audio News from Archaeologica:
Archaeology Magazine News Page: Archaeology:

Archaeology Briefs:

Atlas Obscura:

Heritage Daily:

Sapiens Archaeology:

Taygete Atlantis excavations blogs aggregator:

Archaeology Podcast Network:
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