Newton FAQ: Part II - Hardware [4/9]

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Archive-name: palmtops/newton/faq/hardware
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Last-modified: 2001/04/1
URL: http://www.cat2.com/newton/Newton-FAQ/newton-faq-hardware.html,
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http://www.chuma.org/newton/faq/newton-faq-hardware.html,
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http://www.planetnewton.com/FAQ/newton-faq-hardware.html
Version: This is the April 2001 update
Maintainer: Steve Weyer <we...@kagi.com>,
Peter Rand <h975...@botanix.wu-wien.ac.at>,
Sean Luke <se...@cs.umd.edu> and Paul Guyot <pgu...@kallisys.net>

PART II: Newton Hardware

* A) The Newton MessagePad family
+ 1) What are the various Newton MessagePad models?
x a) The full list
x b) Some models were localized
x c) The differences
x d) Other differences concern the OS and the size of the memory
x e) I have a Newton model H1000. What is this?
x f) I heard a rumor that Apple is making a new Newton. Is this true?
x g) How can I distinguish a MP2000 from an upgraded MP2000?
x h) I have a Newton MP2x00 EVT/DVT. What is it?
+ 2) Where to find Newton MessagePads or accessories?
+ 3) What is the difference between RAM, DRAM, FlashRAM, ROM, SRAM...?
+ 4) What are the Newton's sound capabilities?
+ 5) Where can I find original manuals?
+ 6) Where can I find service manuals?
* B) Extending the MessagePad hardware
+ 1) What kind of memory cards can I use in my Newton?
x a) What cards are suitable for the Newton?
x b) What sizes and models are suitable for my Newton?
x c) Can I increase the Newton's internal DRAM?
+ 2) Communications: what kind of modem/ethernet card/cell phone can I use?
x a) Which modem can I use?
x b) Which cell phones can I use?
x c) Which network cards can I use?
+ 3) What kind of keyboard can I use?
+ 4) Can I speed up the processor?
+ 5) Can I change the ROM of the Newton?
+ 6) What kind of batteries can I use?
+ 7) What kind of adapters can I use?
+ 8) What kind of printers can I use?
+ 9) Can I use digital cameras with my Newton?
+ 10) Can I use a Click/IBM Microdrive/ATA Flash/Compactflash adapter in
my Newton?
+ 11) Are there any third-Party accessories that use the Interconnect port
on the 2x00 or eMate?
+ 12) Can I use an Airport/WaveLan card in my Newton?
+ 13) What cable do I need to connect to my desktop computer?
* C) Hardware problems
+ 1) Why does my MP130/MP2000/eMate whine when the backlight is on?
+ 2) Why does my MP120/130 whine?
+ 3) What should I do if I have a hardware problem with my Newton?
+ 4) Why does my Newton wake up at 3 AM?
+ 5) How long will the backlight last?
+ 6) Common hardware problems
x a) My Newton won't turn on. What should I do?
x b) How can I protect my MessagePad screen?
x c) How do I turn on the backlight?
x d) What softwares can be used to turn the backlight on?
x e) Why does my MP100 turn itself off as soon as I turn it on?
x f) The serial port on my MP2000/MP2100 is caved in. What do I do?
+ 7) How to replace eMate batteries?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


A) The Newton MessagePad family


1) What are the various Newton MessagePad models?


a) The full list

You can view most of them all at
<http://archive.dstc.edu.au/newton/hardware.html>
* Apple's Newtons:
+ Original MessagePad,
+ MP100,
+ MP110,
+ MP120 w/ NOS 1.3,
+ MP120 w/ NOS 2.0,
+ MP130,
+ MP2000,
+ MP2100,
+ eMate 300.
* Clones:
+ Sharp ExpertPad,
+ Digital Ocean Tarpon,
+ Digital Ocean Seahorse,
+ Motorola Marco,
+ Harris SuperTech 2000.
+ Siemens NotePhone, a Telephon/OMP-Clone/Modem combination

b) Localized models

The OMP 1.1, MP120 & MP130 were available in German. The MP120/1.3 was
available in French. The MP120/2.0-D ROM is in fact the same than the one in
the MP130-D (except for the Gestalt answer about the kind of machine).
(From Carsten Lemmen) The OMP was available as a localized German model with
1.1 ROMs and factory preinstalled update to 1.11. This OMP could be upgraded
(ROM replacement) to OS 1.3 (MP100 equivalent) through an Apple upgrade
program in 1994.
AFAIK there was also a Japanese Version of Newton OS, at least the Sharp
Expert Pad (OMP clone) was available with Japanese localisation.

c) The differences

Physically, 1xx models are smaller than 2k models, and they can are equipped
with only one PCMCIA slot. MP 130s, MP2ks and eMate 300 are equipped with a
backlight. The eMate 300 is equipped with a keyboard, and it looks like the
iBook, but smaller.

d) Other differences concern the OS and the size of the memory

From: Holger Schmidt, <holger....@lauterbach.com>, from Pascal B. Kreil
site <http://www.pbk-solutions.de>, and MSNUG Newton Gallery
<http://www.msu.edu/~luckie/newtgal.htm>.

Hardware informations

+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| | | | | | | | | |
| Type: | RAM |ROM | CPU | N/OS | Peri. | Fax | Screen | Sound |
| | | | | | | | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| OMP |640K |4MB |ARM 610| 1.0 |one PC Card|send | | Speaker |
| | | | 20MHz |(1.05)|one Serial |only | 336x240 | only |
| | | | | 1.1 |IR(ASK) | | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| Sharp |640K |4MB |ARM 610| 1.0 |one PC Card|send | 320x248 | Speaker |
| Expert | | | 20MHz |(1.05)|one Serial |only | | only |
| Pad | | | | |IR(ASK) | | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP100 |640K |4MB |ARM 610| 1.3 |one PC Card|send | | Speaker |
| | | | 20MHz | |one Serial |only | 336x240 | only |
| | | | | |IR(ASK) | | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
|Motorola| 1MB |5MB |ARM 610|1.0.2?|one PC Card|send | 320x240 | |
| | | | 20MHz |1.0.3?|one Serial |and |back-light| ??? |
| Marco | | | | |IR, modem |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP110 | 1MB |4MB |ARM 610| 1.3 |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| | | | 20MHz | |one Serial |only | | only |
| | | | | |IR(ASK) | | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP120a | 1MB |8MB |ARM 610| 1.3 |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| | * | | 20MHz | |one Serial |and | | only |
| | | | | |IR(ASK) |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
|Color | 3.14|8MB |ARM 610| |one CF Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| Splash | MB | |15.9MHz| 1.3 |one USB |and | 9 colors | only |
| 100 | | | | |IR, Sonar |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
|Digital | 2MB |4MB |ARM 610| 1.3? |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| Ocean | |upgr| 20MHz | 2.0? |one Serial |and |back-light| only |
| Tarpon | | | | |IR, Radio |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
|Digital | 2MB |4MB |ARM 610| 1.3? |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | |
| Ocean | |upgr| 20MHz | 2.0? |one Serial |and |back-light| ??? |
|SeaHorse| | | | |IR, Radio |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| Harris | 2MB |4MB |ARM 610| 1.3? |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| Super | |upgr| 20MHz | 2.0? |one Serial |and |back-light| only |
|Tech2000| | | | |IR, 2xRadio|rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP120b | 2MB |8MB |ARM 610| 1.3 |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| | * |upgr| 20MHz | 2.0 |one Serial |and | | only |
| | | | | |IR(ASK) |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP130 |2.5MB|8MB |ARM 610| 2.0 |one PC Card|send | 320x240 | Speaker |
| | * |upgr| 20MHz | |one Serial |and |back-light| only |
| | | | | |IR(ASK) |rec | | |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| eMate | 3MB |4MB |ARM 710| 2.1 |one PC Card|send | 480x320 |Speaker, |
| 300 | | | 25MHz | |one Serial |and |back-light|headphone|
| | | | | |IR(IrDA) |rec | 16 grays | jack |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP2000 | 5M* |8MB |Strong | 2.1 |two PC Card|send | 480x320 |Speaker* |
| | | | ARM | |one Serial |and |back-light| and |
| | | |162MHz | |IR(IrDA) |rec | 16 grays | micro |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+
| MP2100 | 8MB*|8MB |Strong | 2.1 |two PC Card|send | 480x320 |Speaker* |
| | | | ARM | |one Serial |and |back-light| and |
| | | |162MHz | |IR(IrDA) |rec | 16 grays | micro |
+--------+-----+----+-------+------+-----------+-----+----------+---------+

Other informations:
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| Type: | lg |Codename| Rel |
| | | | Date |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| OMP | en | |8/3/93 |
| | de | | 12/93 |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| Sharp | en | | |
| Expert | de | | ? |
| Pad | | | |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP100 | en | | 3/94 |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP110 | en | Lindy | 3/94 |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP120 | de | |10/94 D|
| 1.3 | en | Gelato |1/95 US|
| | fr | | |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
|Color | en |Aprilum | 4/1/01|
| Splash | at | | |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP120 | de | | |
| 2.0 | en | Q | 11/95 |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP130 | de | | |
| | en | Dante | 3/96 |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| eMate | | | 4/97 |
| 300 | en | | |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP2000 | en | | 3/97 |
+--------+----+--------+-------+
| MP2100 | de | | 11/97 |
| | en | | |
+--------+----+--------+-------+


*[Robert Sexton's Note] The MP2000/MP2100/eMate has a special connector,
known as the interconnect port, which contains the line in, line out, and
two serial ports. At the time of this writing, the interconnect port
connector is not widely available. The eMate has an interconnect port, a
headphone jack and a regular serial/LocalTalk port.
The MP120 (1MB) memory consists of 639K of DRAM and 385K of FlashRAM.
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n17080>
The MP120 (2MB) memory consists of 687K of DRAM and 1361K of FlashRAM.
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n18815>
The MP130 memory consists of 1,199K of DRAM and 1,361K of FlashRAM.
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n19336>
The eMate memory consists of 2MB FlashRAM and 1MB DRAM.
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n20992>
The MP2000 memory consists of 1MB of DRAM, and 4mb of Flash RAM. The MP2100
memory (and upgraded MP2k) consists of 4MB of DRAM, and 4Mb of Flash RAM.
The Color Splash 100 is 50ft Water resistant. The Sonar port is Dolphin
Speak 2.01 compatible. It also has 10 minutes of emergency oxygen.

e) I have a Newton model H1000. What is this?

You have an original Newton MessagePad (OMP), the first model made, or you
have an MP100, its immediate successor.

f) I heard a rumor that Apple is making a new Newton. Is this true?

That's very probably just a rumor based on the interest of Apple for Palm
devices. BTW, Palm Desktop which is to be found on iBooks is compatible with
NCU (the format is like Claris Organizer).

g) How can I distinguish a MP2000 from an upgraded MP2000?

The difference between both is simply the DRAM size. If Apple upgraded the
MP2000, there should be a MP2100 sticker near the interconnect port and the
serial number. Otherwise, you can simply go to the Memory Info (press the
[i] button under Extras) which should tell System RAM installed something
close to 4 MB (3984 KB) if you have an upgraded MP, or something close to 1
MB if you have a MP2000.

h) I have a Newton MP2x00/eMate 300 EVT/DVT. What is it?

EVT and DVT are two levels of prototype in the Newton program.
The initial prototypes were called "EVT" ("Engineering Verification Test").
After the EVT units were tested for a while, and various changes were made,
the DVT ("Development Verification Test") units were created. DVT units were
supposed to be closer to the final production devices.
Initial EVT prototypes were similar to the final MP2K, except instead of the
StrongARM processor, they had the ARM710 processor (same as the eMate).
A second batch of EVT devices ("EVT 2" devices) with StrongARM processors
were built.
A batch of DVT devices was built. Most of the units were configured as the
original MP2000. There were a few 4mb DRAM devices built in the DVT run
(they therefore are like MP2100s). Besides, some units have a special ROM
Board with an additional 8 MB of Flash for Internal memory (bringing the
total to 12 MB). There may have been units with Flash instead of ROM and
with 16 MB of ROM instead of 8.

2) Where can I find a Newton MessagePad and Newton accessories?

* eBay <http://www.ebay.com/> on the Internet.
* comp.sys.newton.marketplace.
* NewtonOz items <newt...@ix.netcom.com>.
* Tima Scientific <Tima Scientific>
* Small Dog Electronics <Small Dog Electronics> (use the search box)
* Battery Tech: <http://bti.batterytech.com/catalog_model.asp?id=16> for
Apple Battery Pack
Additionally, you can buy parts directly from Sun Remarketing
<http://www2.sunrem.com/sun02.w?grp=Newtons> or Apple themselves. To buy
parts to Apple, you need first to get the part numbers (available on Sun
Remarketing Website).
[This is a direct quote from csnm. Unfortunately, I lost the original
message. If anyone can remind me who was the author of this contribution,
I'll add necessary credits]
Call the Apple Fullfillment Center at 1-888-273-3594. This is the department
that someone was transfered to in a previous message (I just requested the
number). Don't call Apple support at (800) SOS-APPL as you may waste many
hours of your life in this endeavour.
Tell them you would like to order a replacement part and that you have all
the info already (ie. part number, case number-if necessary). Since you
didn't call Apple SOS to get a case number try to stay away from this
subject. I was also prepared to lie and say that my Newton was still under
warrenty. That part number for the Newton replacement Flip Top is #922-3306.
Cost? Around $10 USD. Remember it, learn it, love it.
Have a credit card ready and provide them with shipping information and
credit card number. Shipping cost you ask? Roughly $5 USD for ground
shipping (US + Canada) taking 10-12 days or $20 (USD) for Fed Ex shipping
(1-2 days I think).
[Additional comment by PG] If you chose FedEx and they failed to deliver the
parts in time, they'll charge you the regular price, $5.50
Thanks the person on the phone for solving your door issues then quietly
hang up as you have escaped the long waiting, frustrating conversations and
general annoying details of talking to Apple about the Newton.
Wait. Door should arrive (hopefully) soon after allotted shipping time. Open
arrived package, attach new door, chill and serve. Voila!Some (every?) parts
numbers & some prices (prices are approximative and may have changed since
we got the information) Please keep in mind that we don't know which parts
are actually available. Most of the items are from Carsten Lemmen. However,
I thought that 922-2940 was the eMate Display Housing, not the Display Bezel
(which I thought to be 922-2939)
* eMate parts
+ Backlight, Electroluminescent (EL) 922-2681
+ Battery, NiMH 922-2938
+ Bezel, eMate Display 922-2940
+ Card, ROM, eMate 661-1195
+ Case, Bottom Assembly 922-2941
+ Case, Top (includes Logic Board) 661-1194
+ Cover, Top, eMate Display 922-2939
+ Door, Battery, ROM, RAM Access 922-2674
+ Feet, Rubber, Pkg. of 4 922-2679
+ Handle, Rubber Cushion 922-2678
+ Holder, Name Card 922-2676
+ Keyboard, eMate 922-2398
+ Key, Dummy, Keyboard, eMate 300 076-0636
+ Latch Kit 076-0633
+ LCD Assembly, eMate 661-1193
+ Lens, I/R 922-2677
+ Plug, Screw, Bezel, Pkg. of 4 922-2680
+ Plugs, Ink Well, Right and Left, Kit 076-0634
+ Plugs, Screw, Bottom Case, Kit 076-0635
+ Screw Kit 076-0637
+ Sleeve, Battery 922-2675
+ Stylus (eMate Pen) 922-2682
* MP2x00 Parts
+ Battery Pack, Rechargeable, NiMh 922-2968 32.50 USD (or 34 USD?)
+ Battery Tray 922-3307 10 USD
+ Cable, Adapter, MessagePad2000 to DIN-9 922-2971
+ Case, Carrying, MessagePad 2000 922-2976
+ Case, Carrying, Nylon, MessagePad 2000 922-2972
+ Stylus, MessagePad 2000, Pkg. of 5 922-2969
+ Flip Top 922-3306* 10 USD
+ Serial Adapter (dongle?) 590-0756A 11 USD
* MP110/120/130 Parts:
+ 2.0 ROM Card, French (not for MP110) F661-1054
+ 2.0 ROM Card, German (not for MP110) D661-1054
+ Back Cover Assembly 076-0526
+ Battery Pack, Rechargable 661-1105
+ Battery Cover (Pkg. of 5) 922-0755
+ Battery Recharger 922-0753
+ Case, LC, Leather 922-0761
+ Case, Leather 922-0896
+ Cover, Battery, Lithium (Pkg. of 5) 076-0491*
+ Lithium Battery Cover,MP110 (Pkg. of 5) 922-0756
+ Cover, Battery (Pkg. of 5) 922-1285
+ Cover, Top, Hinged (Pkg. of 5) 076-0492*
+ Foot, Rubber (Pkg. of 50) 922-1375
+ I/O Cover 922-1686*
+ I/R Cover 922-1687*
+ On/Off Knob 922-1688*
+ Rubber Foot, MP110 (Pkg. of 50) 922-0757
+ Stylus (Pkg. of 5) 922-0754
+ Stylus, Recharger Cradle 922-0759
* OMP/MP100 Parts:
+ Battery Cover, Plastic (Pkg. of 5) 922-2037
+ Battery Holder, 4AAA (Pkg. of 10) 922-2038
+ Battery Pack, Nicad 661-1693
+ Battery Recharger 922-0562
+ Case, Carrying, Leather 922-0563
+ Case, Carrying, Sport 922-0569
+ Cover, Connector Rubber (Pkg. of 20) 922-2039
+ Cover, Slip, Vinyl (Pkg. of 5) 922-2040
+ Stylus, MessagePad (Pkg. of 10) 922-2036
* Parts for all Newton Products:
+ Adapter Plug, Australia 922-2975
+ Adapter Plug, Europe 922-2974
+ Adapter Plug, UK 922-2973
+ Adapter, Power, Newton, 9 Watt 922-2951
+ Cable, Macintosh Connect 922-0564
+ Cable, PC Connect 922-0565
+ Battery Booster Pack 922-0570
+ Cable, Print Pack 922-2035
+ Case, Modem, Pkg. of 10 922-0714
+ Flash Memory Card 2MB 661-1695
+ Keyboard Slipcover 922-1493
+ Keyboard 661-0963
+ Keyboard, British B661-0963
+ Keyboard, French F661-0963
+ Keyboard, German D661-0963
+ Keyboard, Swedish S661-0963
+ Modem Card Assembly, PCMCIA 661-1745
+ Modem, Data/Fax, 2400 Baud, External 661-1692
+ Power Adapter, In-Line (old model) 922-0560
+ Power Adapter,Right Angle,Australia X922-0561
+ Power Adapter,Right Angle,Great Britain B922-0561
+ Power Adapter, Right Angle, Int'l Z922-0561*: I'm not sure, which
Newton this part belongs to

3) What is the difference between RAM, DRAM, FlashRAM, ROM, SRAM...?

RAM stands for Random Access Memory. It is the designation for memory that
can be both written to and read. ROM stands for Read Only Memory. ROM cannot
be written to. It is used in the Newton for the Operating System. Hence you
cannot delete it.
SRAM stands for Static RAM. An SRAM cell consists of a small semiconductor
circuit (a flipflop), that holds one bit of information. As long as power is
supplied to this flipflop, it will retain its current state (unless changed
intentionally, of course), hence the back-up batteries in SRAM cards.
DRAM is for Dynamic RAM. A DRAM cell is constructed to be a tiny capacitor.
It is much cheaper to manufacture, and can be much smaller. However, the
capacitor will slowly lose it's charge, hence the need to refreah it
regularly. Also, the needed time to (un)load the capacitor in order to store
a bit of information is significantly longer than the time needed to (re)set
a flipflop.
FlashRAM is based on EEPROM technology. It's a kind of memory that does not
lose its contents when power is no longer supplied. It is used for storage
on the Newton.

4) What are the Newton's sound capabilities?

To record sounds, remember that you'll need a microphone which can only be
found on 2.1 devices.
Software which allows you to record and playback sounds:
* The Newton's built-in recording stationary (MP 2k only)
* VoiceNotes (by Modasys) dramatically improves the Newton's recording
quality, and uses memory much more efficiently than the built-in recording
stationary, thereby turning the Newton into a useful digital recorder.
<http://www.modasys.de>
* The freeware program ModPlayer by Roger Milne lets you play MOD files
directly on your Newton. <ModPlayer>
* There is currently an MP3 project to develop a player for the Newton OS.
* There are also various sound packages available. Search the DNUG site for
sounds such as:
+ StarWars/Babylon 5/StarTrek/Simpsons
+ Shane Hill sounds: <http://members.tripod.com/SDHEngSoft/>
+ The freeware program VoiceAlarm by Serg Koren lets you record sounds
which can be used as alarm sounds on the Newton. <http://www.VisualNewt.com/>
+ Make-your-own audio adaptor (Dave Miller). This site provides advice how
to make a headphone jack for your Newton:
<http://www.eskimo.com/~millerd/nicadapter/index.html>

5) Where can I find original manuals?

The manuals can be found on Apple's FTP, Rochester FTP and UNNA
* <ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/>
*
<ftp://ftp.cif.rochester.edu/pub/newton/FAQ_and_documentation/apple_manuals/>
* <http://www.unna.org/unna/apple/documentation/>
* 1.x devices Manuals (including 1.x to 2.0 upgrade related manuals)
+ Newton System Update 1.3 for the MessagePad 100 and MessagePad 110
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307279AMP100
110UD1.3.PDF>
+ Upgrading Your MessagePad 120 for the Macintosh Operating System
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307841ANMP12
0UPG.PDF>
+ New Features of the Newton 2.0 Operating System
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307843ANOS2F
TURS.PDF>
+ Transferring Information from an Earlier Model Newton Personal Digital
Assistant (PDA) (moving data from a 1.x device to a 2.0 device)
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0308274Newton
TransferInst.pdf>
* MP120 2.0 and 130 Manuals
+ Apple MessagePad Handbook(Big manual for the MP130, suitable for the
MP120 except for backlight which the MP120 doesn't
have)<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307258A
NEWTONMP.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0308951ANAPLM
PHNDBK.PDF>
+ Late-Breaking Information (addenda to the Newton Handbook)
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0308508AILATE
BKGINFO.PDF>
+ Important Information for the MP120/2.0(Before you use your Apple
MessagePad 120 with the Newton 2.0 operating system, it is important that
you make a backup copy of the pre-installed software
packages.)<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/030
7519AIMPINFO.PDF>
* eMate 300 Manuals
+ eMate Manual
<http://www.unna.org/unna/apple/documentation/ematedoc/EMATE300.PDF>
+ eMate 300 Getting Started Guide
<http://www.unna.org/unna/apple/documentation/ematedoc/GETSTART.PDF>
+ eMate Classroom Exchange
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0073557ACLASS
RMXCHG.PDF>
+ Important Information About Your eMate 300(Review the information to
find out about making backup copies of your information and using
StyleWriter
printers.)<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/030
0534AEM300BUERRV.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0305126AEM300
II.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0330534AEM300
II.PDF>
+ Rechargeable battery for the eMate 300
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0330414ARBEMA
TE300.PDF>
+ eMate 300 Teacher's Guide
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340024ANCNCT
OPWRPLG.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340273AEMATE
300TG.PDF>
+ Using the eMate Connectivity CD
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340063AEMCNC
TCDUM.PDF>
* MP2x00 Manuals
+ Important Information About Your MessagePad 2000(Review the information
to find out about making backup copies of your information and using
NewtWorks, PC Card modems and
printing.)<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/030
6222AMP2000AD.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0330504AMSGPA
D2000UD.PDF>
+ MessagePad 2000 Getting Started Guide
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0306224AMP200
0GS.PDF>
+ MessagePad 2000 User's Manual
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0306251AMP200
0UM.PDF>
+ Using E-Mail on Your MessagePad 2000
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340196AMP200
0EMAIL.PDF>
+ Upgrading Your MessagePad 2000 (Important information before sending the
MP2000 to Apple)(Note: Apple no longer upgrades MP2000s, see question
IIB1c)<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/Z033067
9AUPGMP2000.PDF>
* Apple software Manuals
+ Newton Backup Utility User's Guide
x For the Macintosh Operating System
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0080027ANEWTB
ACKUG.PDF>
x For Windows
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0300028ANEWTU
GWOS.PDF>
+ Newton Conneciton Utilities User's Manual
x For the Macintosh Operating System
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307273ANCNCT
MOSUM.PDF>
x For Windows
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307288ANCNCT
WINUM.PDF>
+ Newton Press User's Guide
x For the Macintosh Operating System
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307735ANPMOS
UG.PDF>
x For Windows
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307736Newton
PressWin.pdf>
+ Newton Internet Enabler User's Manual
x NIE 1.x
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340011ANIEUM
.PDF>
x NIE 2.0
<http://www.unna.org/unna/apple/documentation/ematedoc/NIE20USE.PDF>
+ Newton Connection 2.0 Update
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0305272ANCNCT
2UD.PDF>
+ Newton Connection Kit for Windows User¹s Guide
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0305277ANCNCT
KITWINUG.PDF>
+ NewtonWorks Manuals
x NewtonWorks Word Processor User¹s Manual
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0306284ANWWPU
M.PDF>
x Newton Works Graphing Calculator User¹s Manual
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340062ANWGRA
FCALCUM.PDF>
x See also questions VB4b and VB4d
* Apple additional hardware Manuals
+ Using the Newton Print Pack
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0330870ANWTNP
RPK.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0330941APRTPK
FCC.PDF>
+ Connecting Power Plugs
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340024ANCNCT
OPWRPLG.PDF>
+ Newton 9W Power Adapter (English, French, German, Japanese)
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/ZM0305334AN9W
PWRADPT.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/ZM5334ANWTN9W
PWRADP.PDF>
+ Newton Rechargeable Battery Pack (English, French, German, Japanese)
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/ZM0309847ANRC
HGBTRYPK.PDF> or
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/ZM9847ANWTREC
HBATPAK.PDF>
* Misc manuals
+ Important Late-Breaking Information(If you have a MessagePad, MessagePad
100, or MessagePad 110 device and want to transfer information from the Name
File, Notepad, and Date Book, applications, and application data to your
MessagePad 120, please follow these
instructions.)<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton
/0307176ANMPLATEBKG.PDF>
+ Connecting a Newton PDA to your Macintosh
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307372ACNCTN
PDAMAC.PDF>
+ About Cables
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0308266ANCBLS
.PDF>
+ Using E-Mail on Your Newton Device
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0340315ANEMUM
.PDF>
+ Important Information (about GSM and TDK Modem)
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/ZMP2000AD.PDF
>
+ FREE Newton Backup Utility (how to get a free copy of NBU)(Note: you can
no longer get this free
copy)<ftp://ftp.cif.rochester.edu/pub/newton/FAQ_and_documentation/apple_manu
als/0308582AFREENBUUTIL.PDF>
* Newton Enhancement Pack and Third Party software Documentation(The Newton
Enhancement Pack is a 2 MB Flash card which came with third party software)
+ Getting Started With Your Newton Enhancement Pack
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0307500ANENHP
KGS.PDF>
+ Newton Utilities User's Manual
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/NewtonUtiliti
esUM.pdf>
+ Welcome to Newton! Installing Your Newton Software (manual to install
software and Expense Plus in particular - apparently a manual for Apple
Employees)
<ftp://ftp.cif.rochester.edu/pub/newton/FAQ_and_documentation/apple_manuals/0
306817ANSWII.PDF>

6) Where can I find service manuals?

Service manuals used to be available on ftphqx.apple.com but it is now down.
They were then available from ftphqx.info.apple.com, but it no longer has
the files. Here are the old URLs. If you know where the file can be
downloaded, please contact us.
The eMate 300 service manual (the only useful service manual) can be found
on UNNA: <http://www.unna.org/unna/apple/documentation/ematedoc/SERVICEM.PDF>
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


B) Extending MessagePad hardware


1) What kind of memory cards can I use in my Newton?


a) What cards are suitable for the Newton?

You can use SRAM cards or FlashRAM cards. SRAM cards are more expensive than
FlashRAM cards, and they need an internal battery.
There are several kinds of flash memory cards available today. There are ATA
flash cards, compact flash cards, SmartMedia flash cards and linear flash
cards. Linear, ATA and compact cards are the same size, but only linear (or
regular) cards can be used in Newton Message Pads, and not all. (see next
question).

b) What sizes and models are suitable for my Newton?

There are several common kinds of linear cards, depending on the chip used
in it.

Memory Card compatibility

+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| | All | All | | |
| Model | 1.x | 2.0 | MP2x00 | eMate |
| | models | models | | 300 |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| | | | | |
| SRAM | Yes | Yes | Yes | Yes |
| | | | | |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
|AMD D/AD| | | | |
| | No | Yes | Yes | Yes |
| 5v/5v | | | | |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
|Intel II| | | | Read |
| | Yes | Yes | Yes | Only |
| 5v/12v | | | | |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| Intel | | | | |
| II+ | ? | Yes | Yes | Yes |
| 5v/5v | | | | |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| Intel | | | | |
| VS 100 | No | No | Yes | Yes |
| 5v/5v | | | | |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
| Intel | | | | |
| VS 200 | No | No | No | No |
| 5v/5v | | | | |
+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+
VS: Value Series

Please note that I compiled this table from various sources.
SRAM cards are said to only work if they are 4 MB or smaller.
It is believed that you need Newton OS 2.x to use flash cards bigger than 4
MB, however it appears to be wrong at least with the Intel Series II+ in a
MP100: Harri Hohteri <harri....@cs.helsinki.fi> succeeded in using such
a card in his MP2100, his MP130 and his MP100.
It is believed that Series II+ only work in 2.x models, but Harri Hohteri's
40 MB card works in his MP100.
The maximum size limit has been said to be 4 MB, 32 MB, or any other value.
Apparently, there is no size limit but the linear cards limit (64 MB),
however nobody reported to have been able (or unable) to use a 64 MB card.
If you do, please contact us.
Intel and AMD are technologies and most of the time suppliers of the chips,
not brands. Therefore Intel cards can be sold under different brand names
(Apple for example ;-). You can identify them by their part number:
nn is the memory capacity in MB
* Series II: iMC0nnFLSA
* Series II+: iMC0nnFLSP
* VS 100: iMC0nnFLSC
The best source about Flash Cards is Carsten Lemmen's website. His page
about memory cards is available in English
<http://www.mac3.de/sig/newton/memory_cards.html> and in German:
<http://www.mac3.de/sig/newton/Speicherkarten.html>

c) Can I increase internal DRAM memory?

You can increase the DRAM memory of the MP2000 by doing the MP2100 upgrade.
Apple no longer do it. Some companies sell the kit or do the upgrade such as
PixSolution <http://www.pixsolution.com/> & Digital Dave
<http://www.kc.net/~drnewton>
You can expand both the DRAM and the Flash on eMate 300 to what the MP2100
has, by installing a NewerRAM <http://www.newerram.com/> or another memory
module.
The UPC number for the upgrade module is 100216
* Microtech's "sofMate" upgrade module is discontinued
* NewerRAM's upgrade is still available at <http://www.outpost.com/> for
about $110 including shipping. It is also available at NewtonOz
<newt...@ix.netcom.com> for $103.84 plus shipping
* Lifetime Memory Products's Apple eMate 300 Memory Upgrade module (part
number 10250-4) <http://www.lifetimememory.com/> is also still available for
about $125
* Peripheral Enhancements's 2M Flash/4M DRAM upgrade Module (part
#APLEM002M4D300) is also still available at <http://www.smalldog.com/> for
about $89 + $7 shipping
Related information on eMate upgrades is also available at:
* "Apple eMate 300: Memory Upgrade Discussion"
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n30408> where the following
is said:

"When internal DRAM memory is installed, the total amount of DRAM available
will equal that on the expansion card. However, when internal flash memory
is installed, the storage memory area equals the amount of original internal
flash memory plus that on the internal expansion card.

For example, an expansion card with 4 MB of DRAM and 2 MB of flash memory
would result in a configuration of 4 MB of DRAM and 4 MB of flash memory."
* <http://www.lifetimememory.com/Pages/LMPnpemate2.html> where this
additional information is supplied:

"An additional benefit is that with the expanded DRAM, the eMate will
reconfigure its data path for processed data from 16 to 32 bit, greatly
increasing responsiveness."
Instructions for a do-it-yourself upgrade can be found on Abe Lee's site at:
<http://user.chollian.net/~cehz/frame2.htm>

2) Communications: what kind of modem/ethernet card/cell phone can I use?


a) Which modem can I use? How do I make a modem script?

Any compatible external modem should work properly.
[From Helmut Fischer]: To connect MP and external modem, use a standard
Apple Macintosh modem cable. Works on all MPs I have tried (120, 130, 2100).
For internal modems, there is a complete list maintained by Len Lutz
<len...@dca.net> at: <http://www.dca.net/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/lenlutz/newton.cgi>
DNUG maintains a list of drivers and scripts:
<http://www.dnug.dk/info/modems.html>
To make a modem script, you can use the sample code provided by Apple, Modem
Setup (latest version is 2), which you can find on PlanetNewton. (cf Part
VI, Development)
Combo cards don't work without a specific driver. Some have one, but most
don't. In the best case you can use the modem part of the card.

b) Which cell phones can I use?

Here's a summary of cell phone compatibility for the Newton. Information on
modems and drivers are further below. Thanks to all the individual
contributors who provided info about their cell phones.
* Motorolla 'Micro TAC Alpha'
*From: <cn1...@coastalnet.com> (David Rouse)*
I've had excellent results with a Motorolla 'Micro TAC Alpha' (flip phone,
on the larger side) and a CELLect 14.4 PCMCIA modem card (which has a neat
geeky manual, it even covers UUCP). Both products are, I believe, as
discontinued as the Newton itself.
* Ericsson T18s
*From: <p...@berlin.snafu.de> (Peter Hofmann)*Hi, i use with my 2100 a Option
56k GSM ready Card and Ericsson T18s Cell Phone. My Ericsson SH888 also was
a good deal (pity you can use the built-in modem)
* Motorola Startac
*From: <HOCH....@worldnet.att.net> (D. Hochberg/J. Leong)*
I've got a motorola startac with an ositech 5 of diamonds modem. no problems.
* Motorola DPC650
*From: <flei...@lawyer.com> (Dave Fleishman)*
I have had some success with a Motorola DPC650, a MOT-1 cable from Megahertz
and a Megahertz XJ4288 modem. Dials great, connects great, but the cellular
connection is slow, and unless I'm near a cell tower, it can drop in the
middle of the transfer. I used both the 14.4 and higher setting, and the
CruiseCard 28.8 setting with success. I have also had success with a
Motorola "black box" with just about all PC card modems I have used. Let me
know if you need the part number for it, because I keep it in my car.
* Motorola 6200, 8200, 8400, 8700, 8900
*From: <fal...@jetai.unipv.it>*
I'm using the CEllect 1+ card and a Newton 130 with a driver I found in a
free data-base a year ago. (sorry, I don't remember the URL) I put up a page
with those informations here: <http://jetai.unipv.it/falzoni/cellect.html>
Feel free to copy any information/driver from this page. I don't know if the
driver works with other models of Newton/cellect. I only tested these
phones: motorola 6200, 8200, 8400, 8700, 8900 and flare. 100% ok with my
CELLect 1+ card and MP 130.
* Nokia 2110 & 2110(i)
*From: <or...@sm4tfe.com> (Orjan J Larsson)*
Nokia 2110 and 2110i with an Nokia DTP-2 PC Card works like a charm with an
Newton too.
Also Options 33.6K PC Card modem with "GSM ready" logo onto them, with GSM
cable for Siemens S4, works with Option drivers from www.novamedia.de. Both
as a standard 33.6K modem, as an cellular. Haven't tried anything else than
an S4, but presume that , as you just change cable, it would work with any
cellular that Option has an cable for. Both data and fax, in both cases, I
might add.

* Nokia 6110
*From: <ro...@pixell.net> (Roman Pixell)*
I'm using the mp2000 today with a nokia 6110 and an option modem card. i
rewrote the script, and it works ok i guess.
* Nokia 8110
*From: <kennet...@theactiveidea.com> (Kenneth Wong)*
I'm using the Nokia Cellular Data Card DTP-2v2 with my Nokia 8110.

* Nokia 880, 2110(i), 3110, 3810, 5000, 8110(i), 8146, 8148i - and clones
like Technophone, some Philips models.
*From: <harri....@hvk.inet.fi> (Harri)*
Nokia 880, 2110(i), 3110, 3810, 5000, 8110(i), 8146, 8148i models works with
DTP-2 ver.II Nokia Cellular Data Card and Nokia GSM ISDN driver. Nokia 880,
2110(i), 5000 (this might be Mobira Cityman not Nokia) and 2110 -clones like
Technophone, some Philips-models work with DTP-2 Nokia Cellular Data Card
and Nokia GSM Auto driver. These might work (and probably will) with each
others drivers. The Nokia 6150 can be connected with TDK, option and some
other 3rd party PC Card. These cards support several other brands and
models. The Motorola 8700 - All Motorola phones which support Cellect PC
Card are supported by gsm-motorola driver. Some future and currently
available phones which has built-in modem should be compatible. These phone
are Nokia 7110, Siemens S25, Bosch 909. None of the phones above can use
IrDA to communicate because of the un-complete IrDA support on Newtons.
Obviously some Ericsson models are supported because there's such thing as
gsm-ericsson driver available. I have no idea which phones.
* Sagem RD435 Helmut Fischer has been able to connect his Newton to this
phone using an Apple Modem cable (MinitDIN8 <-> DB9) and connecting the DB9
part to a standard phone - PC cable. He reports: I had to modify the Apple
cable slightly (remove the connection between RxD+ and GND).
* Siemens S25.
*From: Olaf 'Holger' Bohlen*
Today I connected my MP130 to my S25 GSM phone with a normal PC Data-Cable
from Siemens and a Macintosh to PC Modem Adapter Cable. My configuration for
the modem is: "Hayes compatible", "serial" and "no waiting for dialtone".
And it works great. I was able to fax, to mail and to phone :)
* Merlin Wireless Modem.
Mark Rollins put all information on a web page:
<http://www.mrollins.com/newtmerlin.html>

c) Which network cards can I use?

(From Victor Rehorst, <ch...@chuma.org>)
For the 120/2.0 and 130, only one network card is known to work. (From
NewtonTalk) <Do...@PineLakeMed.com> (Donald T. Stewart) writes:I purchased
the Roamer (a PC card wireless networking device) and a DynaCOMM Network
Access Point from e-bay a couple of months ago, but just today tried to get
them working. I have no trouble using a 2.0 MP120 with them, and seem to ba
able to access my home Apple Talk network wirelessly.
This card is seemingly incompatible with OS 2.1.
Newtons running OS 2.1 and NIE 2.0 can use ethernet cards from certain
manufacturers, with the proper drivers. The following is an almost
exhaustive list:
* Farallon PN895 EtherWave
* 3Com 3c589, 3C589B (according to Harri Hohteri), 3c589C, 3c589D (including
-TP), 3CXE589DT, 3CXE589ET
* Proxim RangeLAN2 wireless Ethernet *note* this card is not compatible with
AirPort or any other 802.11-based technology
* AmbiCom AMB8010 PowerSaver
* TDK Combo cards: DFL5610, DFL3410, DFL3200, DFL9610
* TDK Ethernet cards: LAK-CD021, LAK-CD021AX, LAK-CD021BX
* D-Link DE-650, DE-660 (can be found at zones.com for US$43.99 plus
shipping) [Thanks to Kent Wong]
* Fujitsu FMV-J182, FMV-J182A
* RATOC REX-R280
* Contec C-NET(PC)C
* MELCO LPC2-T
* Longshine LCS-8534TB
* Correga EtherII PCC-T
All of the above drivers are available from Newton Resources:
<http://www.chuma.org/newton/ethernet/>

3) What kind of keyboard can I use?

The eMate has a keyboard built-in. No other Newtons do.
Apple Computer made a special optional keyboard which can be plugged into
the MP2k's serial port - no other keyboard can be used.
You can also use a keyboard with MP120 w/ NOS 2.0 & MP130.
There are hacks (software and/or hardware) which allows one to use this
keyboard with earlier Newtons as well.
* Newtkey is a keyboard driver for NOS 1.x devices.
<http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/usr/gf2e/newtkey/>.

4) Can I speed up the processor?

Yes, PixSolution <http://www.pixsolution.com/english.html> or
<http://www.pixsolution.com/> offers kits to speed up the MP2ks and MP130s.
They can install it.
(From Harri Hohteri <harri....@hvk.inet.fi>) For DIY (stands for
do-it-yourself) guys there's an article about accelerating MP120 by Lewin
A.R.W. Edwards <la...@zws.com>:<http://www.zws.com/newton/accelmp120.html>

5) Can I change the ROM of the Newton?

Theoretically, the ROM of Newton MP 120 can be changed from Newton OS 1.3 to
Newton OS 2.0. But you've got to find a ROM chip to do this. Other ROM chips
on OMP and MP110 are soldered to the motherboard.
Interestingly, the ROM in an OS 2.1 device (MP2x00, eMate) is installed on a
card, with room for four more ROM chips...

6) What kind of batteries can I use?

You can use alkaline batteries, rechargeable batteries (NiCD, NiMH, ...) or
the Apple battery pack. The MP120 & the MP130 can recharge them (with a
little piece of paper to press the button under the batteries).
Only the Apple battery pack can be recharged inside the MP2k. For all other
batteries you will need a separate battery charger, or to modify the battery
holder as described by Nick Müller:
<http://www.logictools.de/newton/akku_mod/akku2k.html>.

7) What kind of adapters can I use?

The best advice is to use Apple's original adapter. Too many Newtons have
had their power supplies fried using third party adaptors. However, if you
want to try at your own risk, please note that, on MP2k, adapters should
have the following characteristics:
(-)==( *-(+), 5V DC, 400 mA [This one works, even to recharge batteries, in
both a MP2x00 and a MP120]
This diagram means that the plus is inside and the minus is outside. I'm not
an ASCII artist, but this looks a little bit like the diagram on both the
original adapter and this adapter
Helmut Fischer reported: On my original 9W power adapter (MP2100) it says
7.5V 1.2A. It also works with the MP130.
Apple published a tech note about it:
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n21114>
With his MP120 & MP130, Jacek Jadwiszczak uses a 7V, 3W. Also: 6V works (but
no charging batteries) and 7.5V works just fine, always at least 3W are
needed. Please note that he hadn't give me the polarity yet, and in all
cases, nusing a third party adapter could fry your Newton

8) What kind of printer can I use?

You can use any driver that appears in the list when you select "Choose
Other Printer" from the print dialog. The printer should be linked by a
serial cable. You can use other printers with a serial/parallel adapter and
the PrintPack 2.0 from Apple. You can also use other printers with specific
drivers. You can also print using a PC and Newton PC-Print by Alexander
Kunzer: <A.Ku...@bkr-software.de>
The HP Deskjet 340CBi is battery powered and has a newton-compatible IR
adapter.

9) Can I use digital cameras with my Newton?

Yes you can. You need Tibet Software. This software is no longer supported,
and you can't get a registration code.
The following digital cameras will work with a MP2k and Tibet software:
* Agfa ePhoto 307
* Agfa ePhoto 780
* Agfa ePhoto 1280
* Agfa 1680
* Fuji
* Nikon CoolPix 900
* Olympus D-300L
* Olympus D-320L
* Olympus D-340R
* Olympus D-360L
* Olympus D-450Z
* Olympus Camedia C-400
* Olympus Camedia C800L (that's what it is called in Europe, the US
designation is different)
* Olympus C-1000 L
* Epson PhotoPC 700
It seems some cameras are compatible with the Fujitsu chipset. (which the
Olympus have inside)
The following cameras will not work:
* QuickTakes
* Kodaks
* Connectix QuickCams
Canon cameras were once reported as compatible, but Daniel Padilla
<dpa...@clientes.unicaja.es> said they don't. At least his PowerShot 350
doesn't. (<http://www.average.org/digicam/>)

10) Can I use a Click/IBM Microdrive/ATA Flash/Compactflash adapter in my
Newton?

Not yet. There is a package to support such hardware being in development.
More info can be found here: <http://www.kallisys.com/newton/ata/>

11) Are there any third-Party accessories that use the Interconnect port on
the 2x00 or eMate?

[From Victor Rehorst: <ch...@chuma.org>]
Enfour makes serial cables with an Interconnect port molded onto one end,
eliminating the need for a serial dongle:
<http://www.enfour.com/newton/cables/index.html>.
You can build your audio in/out dongle. Details are at
<http://www.eskimo.com/~millerd/nicadapter/>.

12) Can I use an Airport/WaveLan card in my Newton?

Like any other device, Apple Airport cards for the iBook require a driver to
work on a computer. To make such a driver, developers need documentation. On
the contrary to ATA, as far as I know, there is no documentation available
about the Airport card.
However, wireless communication may become a reality with Lucent or Farallon
cards. These can be used to connect an Airport network:
<http://www.macresource.com/mrp/features/12_9_1999.shtml>. As of the time of
this entry, two developers are working on drivers for these cards. One is
Hirochi Noguchi, who has also written the ATLAN driver supporting about a
dozen cards, and the TDK Combo Card driver. His web page is at
<http://homepage1.nifty.com/driver/>.

13) What cable do I need to connect to my desktop computer?

[Partly from Apple's Manual "About Cables"
<ftp://manuals.info.apple.com/Apple_Support_Area/Manuals/newton/0308266ANCBLS
.PDF>]
You can connect to your Newton using either a serial cable or an ethernet
card (connection from a 2.1 device to MacOS computers only). Please note
that using an Ethernet card means first installing the proper driver.
The MP1x0 devices and the eMate 300 have a Mini-DIN-8 RS232 and LocalTalk
compatible port. You can use either a Mini-DIN-8 to Mini-DIN-8 serial cable
to connect to an old-world Macintosh (beige), a Mini-DIN-8 to DB25 cable to
connect to a DB25 Serial port on a Windows Box or a Mini-DIN-8 to USB via an
USB/Serial adapter to a new-world Macintosh. You cannot use IrDA with Apple
Software (see section IIIB3c).
The MP2x00 have an Interconnect port. Using a dongle, you can have a
RS422/GeoPort/LocalTalk compatible port. You can connect the same cable as
with the other Newtons.
See section IIIB3b for the various ways to transfer data to/from your
desktop computer, software and hardware.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------


C) Hardware problems


1) Why does my MP130/MP2000/eMate whine when the backlight is on?

(From Robert Sexton's FAQ) Backlit Newtons use the same technology that is
found in indiglo watches. The backlighting uses high voltages, and this
requires a transformer which makes the noise. If you listen carefully to an
indiglo watch, you will notice the same effect.
Apple published a tech note about it:
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n45002>

2) Why does my MP120/130 whine?

(From Robert Sexton's FAQ) If you are referring to the sound made by the
backlighting (on MP130), see previous question. The humming when the
MessagePad operates (More noticeable when the CPU is idle) is caused by a
small power transformer. Its a bit annoying, but there is no workaround for
it. Some MessagePads are reportedly noisier than others. This affects the
MP110-MP130.
Apple published a tech note about it:
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n45002>

3) What should I do if I have a hardware problem with my Newton?

Apple can still repair Newton devices, for seven years after they announced
the discontinuation of the Newton platform. In the US and in Canada, there
is a flat fee. It will cost 175 USD and 180 CAD respectively. In the UK, the
cost depends on the repair. It will cost around 400 GBP for a motherboard
change and around 200 GBP for a screen change (these fees are of course
subject to change and where the announced fees in November, 2000).
* US users: (from Laurent Daudelin)
To arrange the repair, call 1-800-275-2273 and request technical support.
When you talk to someone, tell them you're calling for a Newton. They should
arrange to have the Newton repaired. If things don't go as expected, call
the Apple Repair Center in Memphis that handles Newton repairs at
800-233-6555. The people that answer the phone are not very cooperative or
knowledgeable. They serve as a barrier between you and the actual staff that
perform the repair. Insist on talking to a supervisor if you're not pleased
with the answers they give you.

* Canada users:
All information (a full page) is available at Newton Resources:
<http://www.chuma.org/newton/docs/apple-canada-repair.shtml>
* Europe users:
Contact ADT/ECPRC, the Apple Repair center: <http://www.ecprc.com/>
Considering the fee they will ask, you can try the solutions to the frequent
hardware problems (IIC6).

4) Why does my Newton wake up at 3 AM?

(From Robert Sexton's FAQ) The Newton wakes up to move your Todos over from
yesterday, and do other housekeeping.

5) How long will the backlight last?

(From Robert Sexton's FAQ) <dro...@panix.com> (Alan Drogin) says, It has a
"half life" conjectured to be in the low thousands of hours. Which
translates to at least a couple of years, which also means it doesn't stop
working, just gets dimmer, which ultimately means its within the normal
limits of planned obsolescence accepted by the high tech world.
One thing I can't give a definitive answer to is the actual half life. I've
seen plenty of posts claiming that the half life of the MP130 backlighting
is 1600-1700, but no actual proof of source. I've seen claims about the MP2K
backlighting at 2000 and even 5000. John Schettino saw some web sites from
backlighting manufacturers claiming 15,000-20,000 hour half lives.
Apple published a tech note about it:
<http://til.info.apple.com/techinfo.nsf/artnum/n45018>
<http://www.enfour.com/us/index.html>

6) Common hardware problems


a) My Newton won't turn on. What should I do?

There are a number of things you can try. Try the following, in increasing
order:
* Put in fresh batteries and plug in the Newton's power adapter. Turn on
the machine.
* With batteries or the power adapter installed, press the reset button. On
the original MessagePad, MP100, MP110, MP120, and MP130, the reset button is
visible when you remove the battery door. On the MP2000 and MP2100 the
reset button is on the underside of the machine.
* For the original MessagePad, MP100, MP110, MP120, and MP130, replace the
backup battery. Put in fresh batteries and plug in the Newton's power
adapter. Press the reset button.
* For the MP2000 and MP2100, press and hold the reset button for over twenty
seconds. This is a special reset sequence for these machines.
* For the original MessagePad, MP100, MP110, MP120, and MP130, with the
batteries or power adapter installed, press and hold the reset button down,
then press the power switch. Continue to hold the reset button for two more
seconds. Release the reset button. A dialog box appears asking "Do you
want to erase data completely?". Tap on the "NO" button (you don't want to
erase your data!).
* For the MP2000 and MP2100 *only*, remove the battery, cards, and power
adapter. Let the Newton sit by itself for a few hours. Leave it a whole
day or a whole night if you can. You won't lose any data. Then put in
fresh alkalines, and plug in the power adapter. Press the reset button.
This procedure cures nearly every turning-on problem these models have.
* If you have an original MessagePad or an MP100, see section IIC6eof this
FAQ.
* If your Newton still does not wake up, consider posts to the newsgroups or
mailing lists, or consider shipping the unit to Apple.See also section IIIB2
of the FAQ

b) How can I protect my MessagePad screen?

Try to use a screen protector, such as:
* WriteRights by Concept Kitchen <http://www.conceptkitchen.com>
* NuShield Screen Protectors by Mark Ross <http://www.nushield.net>
* You can also use a Digital Writer by A.T. Cross to protect the screen
against damage in the first place (digital writers are inserts for Cross
pens. About $6 each.) Order digital writers from Norma Houle
<nho...@cross.com>
* The Francophone Newton User Group (GFUN) has a page to explain (in French,
of course) how to make your own screen protector:
<http://www.heliantis.fr/gfun/film.htm>

c) How do I turn on the Newton's backlight?

Backlights are included in MP2ks, MP130s and eMate 300. On MP2ks and MP130s,
just depress the power switch until the backlight is activated. To switch it
off, do the same. On eMate 300, just press the light button. The backlight
can also be activitated through software (cf next question).

d) What softwares can be used to turn the backlight on?

* Softwares that add/have a button:
+ Avi's Backdrop (Avi Drissman) <http://www.drissman.com/avi/>
+ DashBoard (FiveSpeed) <http://www.fivespeed.com/dashboard/index.html>
+ BackLight (Sean's Utilities) <http://download.planetnewton.com/download/>
* Softwares that allows the backlight to be turned on when the Newton is
turned on:
+ PowerPrefs (Jim Bailey) (probably to be found on AMUG)
+ Options (SBM) [allows to set time range] <http://www.sbm.nu/>
+ MoreInfo (Silverware) <http://www.silverware.com/>
+ Sunrise (Any info?)
+ Silk (Catamount) [probably the most complete one]
<http://www.catamount.com/Silk.html>
* Other softwares (additional information needed!)
+ Adam Tow's Backlight Plus <http://www.tow.com/>

e) Why does my MP100 turn itself off as soon as I turn it on?

Old MessagePads (in particular, MP100s) develop power-on problems due to
gunk building up inside the power switch which raises its resistance. Sean
Luke maintains a web page with workarounds and outright fixes at
<http://www.cs.umd.edu/users/seanl/newton/>

f) The serial port on my MP2000/MP2100 is caved in. What do I do?

The serial port is poorly soldered onto the MP2K motherboard, and eventually
it can wear out and cave in. If you are very *very* good at solder, you
might try opening the machine and resoldering the contacts. But it's very
difficult, and even proficient solderers won't attempt it. Most likely, your
only recourse is to have Apple fix the problem: see section II.C.3
The chief culprit here is the Newton's "dongle", the small plug which
connects to the Newton. The dongle has two bumps on the top and two bumps
on the bottom, which help the dongle stay locked in the serial connector,
but cause considerable friction and stress on entry and exit. To prevent
problems in the future, you might try filing down the bumps on the top.

7) How to replace eMate batteries?

(This manual has been written by Robert Benschop (
<robertb...@bigfoot.com>).
To replace your eMate batteries you'll need a torx 8 screwdriver and 4 NiMH
batteries preferably with soldering lips on them of at least 1200 mAh (the
higher the better) and basic soldering skills, nothing too fancy.
Before you proceed with this, first make a backup (or if you're the careful
type, two) and then open the little lid on the back of your eMate next to
the handle with the torx 8 screwdriver.
Your battery pack is the dark rectangular shaped thing that lies in it's own
recessed place on the top (I'm considering the handle as the top side of the
eMate)
* On the right hand side you'll see a couple of wires coming from the
battery pack that attach to the eMate with a little white plug.
* Slide the plug off so that you can lift out the battery pack.
* Open the hard plastic outer casing so that you'll have the actual
batteries in your hands still in the plastic wrapping.
* Cut away the wrapping, replace the old batteries with the new ones in hte
same order of course, while soldering the connections back exactly the way
they were ! (don't forget the temperature sensor, just solder it back in the
same spot on your new batteries, this is about the only moment you really
have to pay attention, so that the temperature sensor will still be working).
* If you want to keep everything really neat put heatshrink around the four
batteries so that they're as neat and tidy as the original pack.
* Put the hard plastic outer casing back on, reconnect, close the lid,
charge and away you go, happy forever after. (or at least for another couple
of years)
In case you put in i.e. 1600 mAh batteries you'll get even longer lasting
battery life as a bonus.

Carsten Lemmen

unread,
Apr 1, 2001, 12:22:29 PM4/1/01
to
Paul Guyot <sp...@kallisys.com> wrote:

> PART II: Newton Hardware
[...]


> A) The Newton MessagePad family

[...]

> Other informations:
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | Type: | lg |Codename| Rel |
> | | | | Date |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | OMP | en | |8/3/93 |
> | | de | | 12/93 |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | Sharp | en | | |
> | Expert | de | | ? |
> | Pad | | | |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP100 | en | | 3/94 |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP110 | en | Lindy | 3/94 |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP120 | de | |10/94 D|
> | 1.3 | en | Gelato |1/95 US|
> | | fr | | |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+

> |Color | en |Aprilum | 4/1/01| <--
> | Splash | at | | | <--


> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP120 | de | | |
> | 2.0 | en | Q | 11/95 |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP130 | de | | |
> | | en | Dante | 3/96 |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | eMate | | | 4/97 |
> | 300 | en | | |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP2000 | en | | 3/97 |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+
> | MP2100 | de | | 11/97 |
> | | en | | |
> +--------+----+--------+-------+

Interesting to notice, you have already included Apple's new color PDA
in this list. Of cource, I have pre-ordered one in the Apple Store
today. Unfortunately, they stop taking orders today at midnight, but I
got the confirmation to be one of the costumers who will receive a unit
of their first production run.

Best regards,

Carsten

--
Newton SIG im MAC e.V.: http://www.mac-ev.de/sig/newton

Michael Filosa

unread,
Apr 21, 2001, 9:47:36 PM4/21/01
to
I've been somewhat out of the loop lately......

What is this Apple Color PDA ?

I have searched around the Apple site and this newsgroup.... no further
details.

Could anyone point me to a URL or some info ?

This is pretty exciting to me, I hope it isn't a tease !!!

MF

ThisOlNewt

unread,
Apr 21, 2001, 10:15:48 PM4/21/01
to
The date says something to me 4/01 hhhmmmnnn :)
This Old Newt
The online Newton Monthly, Home of the Used Price Guide, WebRing, Interviews
and the most up to date list of Newton Links :The Son of Ultimate Newton.
http://members.aol.com/thisolnewt/index2.html
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