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Announcing the release of XFree86 3.1.1

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David Dawes

Feb 11, 1995, 3:55:37 PM2/11/95

Announcing the Release of
XFree86[TM] 3.1.1

8 February 1995

XFree86 version 3.1.1 is now available. The README follows. The
XFree86 3.1.1 distribution is available in both source and binary form.
Binary distributions are currently available for FreeBSD (1.1.5 and
2.0), NetBSD, BSD/386, Linux, ISC, SVR4 and Solaris (2.1 and 2.4). A
list of ftp sites is included below.

The XFree86 documentation is on-line on our World Wide Web server. It
can be accessed via the URL http://WWW.XFree86.Org/.

XFree86 is a port of X11R6 that supports several versions of Intel-
based Unix(R) and Unix-like operating systems. This release consists of
many new features and performance improvements as well as many bug
fixes. The release is available as source patches against the X Con-
sortium X11R6 code, as well as binary distributions for many architec-

1. What's new in XFree86 3.1.1

The following items have been added since XFree86 3.1 was released in
October 1994:

1. XFree86 3.1.1 includes the X Consortium's recently released
public patches (up to fix-11). The XFree86 Project, Inc has
worked with the X Consortium to have much of XFree86 3.1.1
included in the X Consortium's fix-11.

2. A new accelerated server for Mach64 boards.

3. Support for the S3 Trio32 and Trio64 chipsets.

4. Support in the S3 server for the Chrontel 8391 clock chip.

5. Support for SPEA Mercury P64 and MIRO Crystal 40SV.

6. Bug fixes and some performance improvements for most of the
accelerated servers.

7. Support for `double scan' video modes (most servers).

8. New chipset support for the SVGA server. This includes the
Avance Logic 2228/2301, Chips & Technology 655xx, Cirrus Logic
6440, and Oak OTI-087. Accelerated support is included for the

9. Support for FreeBSD 2.0.

Preliminary support for OS/2 (client-only at this stage; this is
still under development).

Linear aperture access when running on BSD/386.

16bpp and 32bpp support for more S3 boards (refer to README.S3
(S3.html) for details).

Support for ISC's SVR3 (only tested for 3.x and 4.x).

The `xf86config' utility for generating XF86Config files has
been improved and now uses a database of video cards.

The X server LinkKit has been updated to include support for

The slow X server startup time on machines without hardware
floating point has been improved.

Plus a number of other small items. Refer to the CHANGELOG file in
the source distribution for full details.

2. What's new in XFree86 3.1?

The following items have been added since XFree86 2.1.1 was released
in May 1994:

1. XFree86 is now based on X11R6, including shared library support
for SVR4, Linux, FreeBSD and NetBSD.

2. New configuration file format. One of the biggest changes that
you will notice with the new XFree86 version is that the old
Xconfig file has been replaced by an XF86Config file.For further
details, see the section ``Important Changes'' below.

3. Support is included for the X Image Extension (XIE).

4. A new accelerated server for boards based on the Weitek P9000

5. A new accelerated server for boards based on the AGX chipsets.

6. A new accelerated server for boards based on the Tseng
ET4000/W32 series of chipsets.

7. Support for the S3 Vision 864 and 964 chipsets (including boards
like the ELSA Winner 1000Pro and 2000Pro, Number Nine GXE64 and
GXE64Pro, Miro Crystal 20SV).

8. 16bpp support for some Mach32 boards.

9. 16bpp and 32bpp support for P9000 boards.

16bpp and 32bpp support for some S3 boards.

Improved Cirrus accelerated support (including 5434), and 16bpp
and 32bpp support for some Cirrus boards.

Accelerated support for Western Digital WD90C33 boards.

Support for the S3 GENDAC, S3 SDAC, AT&T 20C498, STG1700 and
TI3025 RAMDACS in the S3 server.

Support for the S3 GENDAC, S3 SDAC, ICS2595, and TI3025
programmable clocks in the S3 server.

New SVGA drivers for the AL2101, MX68000/MX68010, Video7, Cirrus
CL6420 chipsets.

Significantly updated ATI vgawonder driver, including
unaccelerated support for Mach64 boards.

A generic VGA driver for the SVGA server (fixed 320x200 at

Dual-headed vga2/mono and vga16/mono servers.

Significant updates to the VGA16 code, including a wider range
of banking support.

Incorporated the Screen Saver extension into the base server.

Support for "green" monitor screen savers in S3 and SVGA

Support for the "experimental" LBX code included with X11R6.

Plus a number of other small things. Refer to the CHANGELOG file in
the source distribution for full details.

3. Systems XFree86 has been tested on


o Esix: 4.0.3A, 4.0.4,

o Microport: 2.2, 3.1, 4.1, 4.2

o Dell: 2.1, 2.2, 2.2.1

o UHC: 2.0, 3.6

o Consensys: 1.2

o MST: 4.0.3 (Load 2.07 and Load 3.02)

o ISC: 4.0.3

o AT&T: 2.1, 4.0


o SunSoft: Solaris x86 2.1, 2.4


o Consensys

o Novell UnixWare


o SCO: 3.2.2, 3.2.4

o ISC: 3.0, 4.0, 4.1


o NetBSD 1.0,

o FreeBSD, 2.0

o BSD/386 1.1

o Mach 386

o Linux

o Amoeba

o Minix-386

4. Supported video-card chip-sets

At this time, XFree86 3.1.1 supports the following accelerated

(and true clones)

Mach8, Mach32, Mach64

CLGD5420, CLGD5422, CLGD5424, CLGD5426, CLGD5428, CLGD5429,
CLGD5430, CLGD5434

S3 86C911, 86C924, 86C801, 86C805, 86C805i, 86C928, 86C864, 86C964,
86C732, 86C764

Western Digital
WD90C31, WD90C33


AGX-014, AGX-015, AGX-016

ET4000/W32, ET4000/W32i, ET4000/W32p

The Cirrus, Western Digital and Oak accelerators are supported in the
SVGA server; the other chipsets each have their own server. A list of
some cards which the accelerated servers have been tested is included
in the files AccelCards, Devices, and some of the chipset-specific
README files. They may well work on other cards, but we cannot
guarantee it.

In addition, the following SVGA chipsets are supported:

ET3000, ET4000AX, ET4000/W32
Western Digital/Paradise

Western Digital
WD90C00, WD90C10, WD90C11, WD90C24, WD90C30, WD90C31,WD90C33


TVGA8800CS, TVGA8900B, TVGA8900C, TVGA8900CL, TVGA9000,
TVGA9000i, TVGA9100B, TVGA9200CX, TVGA9320, TVGA9400CX, TVGA9420

18800, 18800-1, 28800-2, 28800-4, 28800-5, 28800-6, 68800-3,
68800-6, 68800AX, 68800LX, 88800

77C22, 77C22E, 77C22E+

Cirrus Logic
CLGD5420, CLGD5422, CLGD5424, CLGD5426, CLGD5428, CLGD5429,
CLGD5430, CLGD5434, CLGD6205, CLGD6215, CLGD6225, CLGD6235,
CLGD6410, CLGD6412, CLGD6420, CLGD6440


OTI067, OTI077, OTI087

Avance Logic
ALG2101, ALG2228, ALG2301, ALG2302, ALG2308, ALG2401

Chips & Technology
65520, 65530, 65540, 65545

MX MX68000, MX680010

Video 7/Headland Technologies

All of the above are supported in both 256 color and monochrome modes,
with the exception of the Advance Logic, MX, Chips & Technology and
Video 7 chipsets, which are only supported in 256 color mode.

Refer to the chipset-specific README files (currently for Cirrus,
Tseng, Western Digital, ATI, Trident, Oak and Video 7) for more
information about using those chipsets.

The monochrome server also supports generic VGA cards, using 64k of
video memory in a single bank, the Hercules monochrome card, the
Hyundai HGC1280, Sigma LaserView, Visa and Apollo monochrome cards.
On the Compaq AVGA, only 64k of video memory is supported for the
monochrome server, and the GVGA has not been tested with more than

The VGA16 server supports memory banking with the ET4000, Trident,
ATI, NCR, OAK and Cirrus 6420 chipsets allowing virtual display sizes
up to about 1600x1200 (with 1MB of video memory). For other chipsets
the display size is limited to approximately 800x600.

Note: The Diamond SpeedStar 24 (and possibly recent SpeedStar+) boards
are NOT supported, even though they use the ET4000. The Stealth 32
which uses the ET4000/W32p is also not supported. Most other Diamond
boards will work with this release of XFree86. Historically the
information required for this support was only available under non-
disclosure. As of September 27, 1994, Diamond has verbally agreed to
provide The XFree86 Project, Inc. with detailed information about
Diamond products. This should permit us to better support these in
future versions of XFree86.

5. Important Changes

There are a number of important user-visible changes between XFree86
2.1.1 and XFree86 3.1. The first is the default install location.
The XFree86 distribution is now installed by default under /usr/X11R6
instead of /usr/X386. This moves away from the now out-dated "X386"
name, and it also makes it possible for both versions to co-exist.

The next major change is related to the server configuration file.
The old Xconfig file has been replaced in XFree86 3.1 by an XF86Config
file. This is more than just a name change. The new XF86Config file
uses a format that is quite different from the old Xconfig file. The
new format is more structured, logical, and extensible than the old
format. We realise that the transition to this new format won't be
without problems. To help in this transition we have provided a
program (`reconfig') to convert the old Xconfig format into the new
XF86Config format. This doesn't provide a perfect conversion mostly
because the new format contains more information than the old format.
Some manual editing will always be required. One of the new types of
information the XF86Config contains is a description of the monitor(s)
you are using. This addition allows the servers to check that the
video modes are within the specifications of the monitor.

For information about the new config file format and how to use it,
refer to the XF86Config(4/5) and reconfig(1) manual pages, and the
README.Config file which can be found in /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/doc.

Another change related to the config file is the locations the servers
look for it in. In previous releases the servers would look in places
which could be specified by the user. This raised a number of
security concerns. To address these, the server now only looks in
places which are normally under the control of the system
administrator. For further details, refer to the XFree86(1) manual

6. Where to get more information

Additional documentation is available in the XFree86(1),
XF86Config(4/5), XF86_SVGA(1), XF86_Mono(1), XF86_VGA16(1) and
XF86_Accel(1) manual pages. In addition, several README files and
tutorial documents are provided. These are available in
/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/doc in the binary distributions, and in
xc/programs/Xserver/hw/xfree86/doc in the source distribution.

The files README.Config and VideoModes.doc should be consulted for
information on how to set up the XFree86 servers. All supplied
documents and manual pages should be read before contacting the
XFree86 team for assistance.

Documentation on SVGA driver development can be found in the directory
/usr/X11R6/lib/Server/VGADriverDoc in the binary distribution, and in
the directory xc/programs/Xserver/hw/xfree86/VGADriverDoc in the
source distribution.

If you are totally at a loss, you can contact the XFree86 Support Team
at <XFr...@XFree86.Org>.

There is a Usenet news group that contains
mostly discussions about XFree86 and related topics. Many questions
can be answered there. The answers to common questions are found in
the corresponding FAQ.

7. Credits

XFree86 was originally put together by:

o David Dawes <>

o Glenn Lai <>

o Jim Tsillas <>

o David Wexelblat <>

XFree86 support was integrated into the base X11R6 distribution by:

o Stuart Anderson <Stuart....@ColumbiaSC.NCR.COM>

o Doug Anson <>

o Gertjan Akkerman <>

o Mike Bernson <>

o Robin Cutshaw <>

o David Dawes <>

o Marc Evans <>

o Pascal Haible <>

o Matthieu Herrb <>

o Dirk Hohndel <>

o David Holland <>

o Alan Hourihane <>

o Jeffrey Hsu <>

o Glenn Lai <>

o Ted Lemon <>

o Rich Murphey <>

o Hans Nasten <>

o Mark Snitily <>

o Randy Terbush <>

o Jon Tombs <>

o Kees Verstoep <>

o Paul Vixie <>

o Mark Weaver <>

o David Wexelblat <>

o Philip Wheatley <Philip....@ColumbiaSC.NCR.COM>

o Thomas Wolfram <>

o Orest Zborowski <>

386BSD, FreeBSD, NetBSD support by:

o Rich Murphey <>

NetBSD support by:

o Matthieu Herrb <>

Original 386BSD port by:

o Pace Willison,

o Amancio Hasty Jr <>

Mach 386 support by:

o Robert Baron <>

Linux support by:

o Orest Zborowski <>

SCO Unix support by:

o David McCullough <>

Amoeba support by:

o Kees Verstoep <>

Minix-386 support by:

o Philip Homburg <>

OSF/1 support by:

o Marc Evans <Ma...@Synergytics.Com>

BSD/386 support by:

o Hans Nasten <>,

o Paul Vixie <>

Solaris support by:

o Doug Anson <>,

o David Holland <>

ISC SVR3 support by:

o Michael Rohleder

Linux shared libraries by:

o Orest Zborowski <>,

o Dirk Hohndel <>

Original accelerated code by:

o Kevin Martin <>,

o Rik Faith <>,

o Jon Tombs <>

S3 accelerated code by:

o Jon Tombs <>,

o David Wexelblat <>,

o David Dawes <>,

o Robin Cutshaw <>,

o Amancio Hasty <>,

o Norbert Distler <>,

o Leonard N. Zubkoff <>,

o Harald Koenig <>,

o Bernhard Bender <>

Mach32 accelerated code by:

o Kevin Martin <>,

o Rik Faith <>,

o Mike Bernson <>,

o Mark Weaver <>,

o Craig Groeschel <>

Mach64 accelerated code by:

o Kevin Martin <>,

Mach8, 8514 accelerated code by:

o Kevin Martin <>,

o Rik Faith <>,

o Tiago Gons <>,

o Hans Nasten <>,

o Scott Laird <>

Cirrus accelerated code by:

o Simon Cooper <>,

o Harm Hanemaayer <>,

o Bill Reynolds <>

Western Digital accelerated code by:

o Mike Tierney <>,

o Bill Conn <>

Oak Technologies Inc. accelerated code by:

o Jorge Delgado <>,

16 color VGA server by:

o Gertjan Akkerman <>

2 color VGA and non-VGA mono servers by:

o Pascal Haible <>

ATI SVGA driver by:

o Per Lindqvist <> and Doug Evans

o Ported to X11R5 by Rik Faith <>.

o Rewritten by Marc La France <>

Trident SVGA driver by:

o Alan Hourihane <>

NCR SVGA driver by:

o Stuart Anderson <Stuart....@ColumbiaSC.NCR.COM> with the
permission of NCR Corporation

Cirrus SVGA driver by:

o Bill Reynolds <>,

o Hank Dietz <>,

o Simon Cooper <>,

o Harm Hanemaayer <>,

Cirrus CL64xx driver by:

o Manfred Brands <>

o Randy Hendry <>

o Jeff Kirk <je...@bambam.dsd.ES.COM>

Compaq SVGA driver by:

o Hans Oey <>

Oak SVGA driver by:

o Steve Goldman <>

o Jorge Delgado <>

AL2101 SVGA driver by:

o Paolo Severini <>

Avance Logic ``ali'' SVGA driver by:

o Ching-Tai Chiu <>

MX SVGA driver by:

o Frank Dikker <>

Video7 SVGA driver by:

o Craig Struble <>

Apollo Mono driver by:

o Hamish Coleman <>

Other contributors:

o Joerg Wunsch <> (ET3000 banked

o Eric Raymond <> (new video mode

o and an entire horde of beta-testers around the world!

8. Contact information

Ongoing development planning and support is coordinated by the XFree86
Core Team. At this time the Core Team consists of (in alphabetical

o Robin Cutshaw <>

o David Dawes <>

o Marc Evans <>

o Dirk Hohndel <>

o Rich Murphey <>

o Jon Tombs <>

o David Wexelblat <>

Mail sent to <> will reach the core team. Please note
that support questions should be sent to <>.

9. The XFree86 Project, Inc.

The XFree86 Project, Inc, has been founded to accomplish two major

1. To provide a vehicle by which XFree86 can be represented in X
Consortium, Inc, the organization responsible for the design,
development, and release of The X Window System.

2. To provide some basic funding for acquisition of facilities for
ongoing XFree86 development, largely to consist of new video
hardware and basic computing facilities.

The first of these was the primary motivation. We have held discus-
sions with the X Consortium on and off for many months, attempting to
find an avenue by which our loosely-organized free software project
could be given a voice within the X Consortium. The bylaws of the
Consortium would not recognize such an organization. After an initial
investigation about funding, we decided to form our own corporation to
provide the avenue we needed to meet the requirements of the X Consor-
tium bylaws.

By doing this, we were able to be involved in the beta-test interval
for X11R6, and have contributed the majority of XFree86 to the X11R6
core release. The version of XFree86 in the initial X11R6 core is
3.0. The version of XFree86 in the current X11R6 patched release is
3.1.1. As time goes on, XFree86 will be involved with more of the
development of The X Window System, as a full Consortium member. How
exactly this will evolve is still being determined.

An additional benefit of this incorporation is that The XFree86
Project, Inc has obtained outside financial support for our work.
This will hopefully give us the freedom to be more pro-active in
obtaining new video hardware, and enable us to release better products
more quickly, as we will be able to go and get what we need, and get
it into the hands of the people who can do the work.

The current Board of Directors and Officers of the The XFree86
Project, Inc, are:

o David Dawes, President and Secretary

o Dirk Hohndel, Vice-President

o Glenn Lai, Director

o Rich Murphey, Treasurer

o Jim Tsillas, Director

o Jon Tombs, Director

o David Wexelblat, Director

Email to <> reaches the board of directors.

Our bylaws have been crafted in such a way to ensure that XFree86 is
and always will be a free software project. There is no personal
financial benefit to any member of the Core Team or any other XFree86
participant. All assets of the corporation remain with the
corporation, and, in the event of the dissolution of the corporation,
all assets will be turned over to the X Consortium, Inc. It is hoped
that by doing this, our corporation will be merely a formalization of
what we have been doing in the past, rather than something entirely

Here is a list of the organizations and individuals who have provided
sponsorship to The XFree86 Project, Inc, either by financial
contribution or by the donation of equipment and resources. The
XFree86 Project, Inc gratefully acknowledges these contributions, and
hopes that we can do justice to them by continuing to release high-
quality free software for the betterment of the Internet community as
a whole.

o UUNET Communications Services, Inc. (

UUNET Communications Services, Inc, deserves special mention. This
organization stepped forward and contributed the entire 1994 X Consor-
tium membership fee on a moment's notice. This single act ensured
XFree86's involvement in X11R6.

o AIB Software Corporation (, Dulles,

o Roland Alder, Armin Fessler, Patrick Seemann, Martin Wunderli

o American Micro Group

o AT&T Global Information Services ( (formerly

o Andrew Burgess

o Berkeley Software Design, Inc (, Falls
Church, VA

o The Destek Group, Inc. (, Pelham,
NH (formerly Synergytics)

o Digital Equipment Corporation (

o Elsa GmbH, Aachen, Germany

o Dirk Hohndel

o Frank & Paige McCormick

o InfoMagic (, Rocky Hill, NJ

o LunetIX Softfair, Berlin, Germany

o Morse Telecommunications (, Long Beach, NY

o MIRO Computer Products AG, Braunschweig, Germany

o Rich & Amy Murphey

o Brett Neumeier

o Number Nine, Lexington, MA

o Kazuyuki Okamoto, Japan

o Prime Time Freeware, San Bruno, CA

o Red Hat Software, Chapel Hill, NC

o SPEA Software AG, Starnberg, Germany

o Clifford M Stein

o Joel Storm

o S.u.S.E, GmbH, Fuerth, Germany

o Tekelec Airtronic GmbH, Muenchen, Germany

o Jim Tsillas

o Trans-Ameritech Enterprises, Inc., Santa Clara, CA

o Unifix Software GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany

o Vixie Enterprises (, La Honda, CA

o Walnut Creek CDROM (, Concord, CA

o Xtreme s.a.s., Livorno, Italy

The XFree86 Project, Inc, welcomes the additional contribution of
funding and/or equipment. Such contributions should be tax-
deductible; we will know for certain when the lawyers get finished
with the papers. For more information, contact The XFree86 Project,
Inc, at <>

10. Source and binary archive sites

Source patches are available to upgrade X11R6 PL11 from the X
Consortium to XFree86 3.1.1. They and binaries for many OSs are
available via anonymous FTP from:


and the following mirror sites:

o North America:

( (source and BSD/386

( (source and binaries)

( (source
patches and NetBSD binaries)

(Also via AFS:

(Linux binaries and source)

( (source patches and
FreeBSD binaries)

( (source and binaries)

( (source and binaries)

( (Solaris, SVR4, SCO

o Europe:

+ (ftp://fvkma.tu- (source and binaries)

( (source and binaries)

+ (
(source and binaries)

(source patches and Linux binaries)

+ (ftp://ftp.uni- (source and binaries)

( (source and

( (source and

( (NetBSD binaries

( (source and

o Asia/Australia:

( (source and

+ (

( (source patches
and binaries)

( (source and binaries)

Refer to the README file under the specified directory for information
on which files you need to get to build your distribution.

Ensure that you are getting XFree86 3.1.1 - some of these sites may
archive older releases as well. Each binary distribution will contain
a README file that describes what files you need to take from the
archive, and which compile-time option selections were made when
building the distribution.

David Dawes <> DoD#210 | Phone: +61 2 351 2639
School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia | Fax: +61 2 660 2903
You feel there's no tomorrow, as you look into the water below.
It's only your reflection, and you still ain't got no place to go.
-- Deep Purple "Sail Away"

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