K12> [NetGold] EDUCATION: K-12: MINORITY EDUCATION AND DESEGREGATION : HISTORY: UNITED STATES: STATES: PENNSYLVANIA: School Desegregation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (U.S.)

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May 18, 2004, 10:42:46 AM5/18/04
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From: NetHappenings Moderator
Date: Tue, 18 May 2004 09:39:27 -0500
To: comp.internet.net-happenings
Subject: K12> [NetGold] EDUCATION: K-12: MINORITY EDUCATION AND DESEGREGATION : HISTORY: UNITED STATES: STATES: PENNSYLVANIA: School Desegregation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (U.S.)


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Date: Sat, 15 May 2004 09:50:59 -0400 (EDT)
From: David P. Dillard <jw...@temple.edu>
Reply-To: Net...@yahoogroups.com
To: NetGold <Net...@yahoogroups.com>
Subject: [NetGold] EDUCATION: K-12: MINORITY EDUCATION AND DESEGREGATION :
HISTORY: UNITED STATES: STATES: PENNSYLVANIA: School Desegregation in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (U.S.)

EDUCATION: K-12: MINORITY EDUCATION AND DESEGREGATION : HISTORY: UNITED
STATES: STATES: PENNSYLVANIA: School Desegregation in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania (U.S.)

School Desegregation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (U.S.)
<http://www.geocities.com/sevperiod2003/>

How did the School District of Philadelphia
try to desegregate schools?
How did Philadelphia, and Northeast High School (NEHS) in particular,
respond to desegregation?
Room 141 7th Period U.S. History
Northeast High School Philadlephia, PA 19111

Website Table of Contents

History of School District of Philadelphia Desegregation / NEHS
(includes timeline)
<http://www.geocities.com/nehstimelines/>

Summary and Analysis of Information

"The School District of Philadelphia "dragged its feet" and is still under
court order regarding desegregation. After the Brown v. Board of
Education case in 1954, public schools throughout the U.S. had to end
racial segregation. In 1956, the governor of Pennsylvania ordered a
statewide survey of desegregation in public schools of staff and
students. (Philadelphia had discriminatory policies regarding African
American teachers and administrators.) In 1957, the governor said
state funds would be cut if schools didn't end enforced racial
segregation. This threat didn't change the reality of school segregation
in Philadelphia. Faculties and student bodies continued to be segregated
because of segregated housing and school geographic boundaries . At
time the School Board intentionally designed school boundaries that
furthered segregation.

>From the 1960s - 1970s, there was vocal opposition to school integration
in Philadelphia. Mayor Tate and City Council President D'Ortona opposed
desegregation and spoke out against busing. At a Northeast Town Meeting
on Quality Education and Integration (1964) (see the summary below) some
people questioned the need for integration and opposed busing while
others wanted their children "to see Negroes (as teachers) in a capacity
which brings respect." Attendees also questioned the academic motivation
and skills of African American students. It seems adults assumed African
American students were academically inferior to white students. The
adults also seemed to think giving African Americans a better education
would take away from the white students. There were also some parents
who feared "too much inter-mingling and a possible aftermath -
intermarriage." In the Northeast in the late 1960s, there was busing to
Spruance and Carnell elementary schools. There weren't "riots" but there
was vocal opposition from the local community (Oxford Circle) and parents
assumed the African American students would academically hinder their
children. There were also stereotypes regarding "white flight" and
African Americans moving into the neighborhood.

Northeast High School was in the news because a group of students from
the Northwest part of the city were attending Northeast without
transfers. In 1968, Northeast only had 30 African American students out
of a student body of over 4000. At the same time, there was an effort to
have students from Northeast get to know students from West Philadelphia
High School. They had classroom exchanges and a retreat."

[Read the remainder of this section at the URL above.]

Demographic Data (Philadephia and Northeast High School) Articles from
<http://www.geocities.com/schoolsegdemog/>

NEHS Megaphone 1976-1984
<http://www.geocities.com/megaphonearticles/>

Interviews with 5 teachers from NEHS
<http://www.geocities.com/staffinterviews/>

Results of Survey of NEHS students (2003)
<http://www.geocities.com/nehssurvey/>

Links on school segregation/ desegregation
<http://www.geocities.com/schoolseglinks/>

Links Related to School Segregation and Desegregation in the United States

Links Page Contents

Articles
Brown v. Board of Education
Cities on School Desegregation
Lesson Plans
Links to Learn More

Content Sample: Lesson Plans

Lesson Plans

Brown v. the Board of Education
Can We Learn Together? School Segregation / Desegregation Internet
Sampler
Eyes on the Prize - 1954 - 1965
Justice Demands and Eng to Segregation but it does not End
Little Rock 9 Web Quest
Plessy to Brown: Supreme Court Cases
Revising Separate But Equal
School Desegregation and Prejudice in the United States
School Integration in Boston and Nantucket, MA
School Segregation Before Brown

The links page also boasts some very well done graphics. This website,
like many others in the genre, is an excellent example of why it is a very
bad idea to discount and ignore the work put on the internet by
elementary school, middle school, and secondary school teachers,
librarians and students. If one is looking for philosophy, one might
concern the work of pricipaled school employees.


Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
jw...@astro.temple.edu
<http://groups.yahoo.com/group/NetGold/>
<http://www.edu-cyberpg.com/ringleaders/davidd.html>
<http://www.kovacs.com/medref-l/medref-l.html>

For any in the region who would like to visit this school with prior
arrangements, it is accessable via SEPTA bus routes 67, 70, 77.

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