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Problems using sendmail from Perl script

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Peter Mellen

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Oct 19, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/19/95
to
I am trying to write a Perl script which sends information collected
from an HTML form to my email address. Unfortunately, I am having a
lot of trouble. The script executes without reporting any errors, but
I never receive any mail!

Can someone tell me what I'm doing wrong? The sendmail section of my
script follows:

open (MAIL, "|$mailprog $recipient") || die "Can't open $mailprog!\n";
print MAIL "Reply-to: $FORM{'email'} ($FORM{'contact'})\n";
print MAIL "Subject: TVC Web Information (Forms submission)\n\n";
print MAIL "Name: $FORM{'contact'} \n";
print MAIL "E-Mail Address: $FORM{'email'}\n";
print MAIL "Company: $FORM{'company'}\n";
print MAIL "Address:\n";
print MAIL " $FORM('Addr1')\n";
print MAIL " $FORM('Addr2')\n";
.
.
.
\/
print MAIL "Server protocol: $ENV{'SERVER_PROTOCOL'}\n";
print MAIL "Remote host: $ENV{'REMOTE_HOST'}\n";
print MAIL "Remote IP address: $ENV{'REMOTE_ADDR'}\n";
close (MAIL);

$mailprog is set to "/bin/usr/sendmail", which is where sendmail
resides on the web server. $recipient is set to
"pme...@teamvision.com", which is my mail address.

I appreciate any help anyone can provide. I think it has something to
do with the way I'm using sendmail, but I haven't been able to find
any sendmail documentation.
======================
Peter Mellen
Team/Vision Consulting
3221 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20007
202-298-6520 Voice
202-232-3006 Fax
======================


Lawrence Garfield

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Oct 19, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/19/95
to
On 19 Oct 1995, Mike Heins wrote:

> hed...@best.com (M. Hedlund) writes:
<cut>


> >>The script executes without reporting any errors, but
> >> I never receive any mail!

I'm getting the same problem. The process reports that the mail has
been sent, but I'm not believing it anymore.

> >Try inserting
> > print MAIL "To: $recipient\n";
> >before the Subject.
>
> I believe that $mailprog will have to be defined as '/usr/lib/sendmail -t'
> for this to work. The -t option has sendmail read the To: address from the
> message. The order should not matter.

I believe that my code fulfills these recommendations. Also, we have
/user/sbin/sendmail, also with the -t option. Here's my code:

$webmaster = "el...@cais.com";
<cut>
open (MESSAGE, "| /usr/sbin/sendmail -t") || die "Can't open mail program.";

# Format email header information

print MESSAGE "To: $webmaster\n";
print MESSAGE "From: $ENV{'REMOTE_ADDR'}\n";
print MESSAGE "Reply-To: $FORM{feed_email}\n";
print MESSAGE "Subject: $subject\n\n";

# Write the actual email message

print MESSAGE "Answer from $FORM{feed_name} <$FORM{feed_email}>:\n\n";
print MESSAGE "$FORM{feed_comments}\n";
close (MESSAGE);


Lawrence Garfield

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Oct 20, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/20/95
to
On 19 Oct 1995, Mike Heins wrote:

> hed...@best.com (M. Hedlund) writes:
<cut>
> >>The script executes without reporting any errors, but
> >> I never receive any mail!

I'm getting the same problem. The process reports that the mail has
been sent, but I'm not believing it anymore.

> >Try inserting
> > print MAIL "To: $recipient\n";
> >before the Subject.
>
> I believe that $mailprog will have to be defined as '/usr/lib/sendmail -t'
> for this to work. The -t option has sendmail read the To: address from the
> message. The order should not matter.

I believe that my code fulfills these recommendations. Also, we have

/user/sbin/sendmail, also with the -t option. (BTW, I know that the
forms data including sender and recipient are being read by the script
because I can print out the values, so it's not a problem with the
form, as far as I can tell.)

Here's my code:

--- begin ---

$webmaster = "el...@cais.com";
<cut>
open (MESSAGE, "| /usr/sbin/sendmail -t") || die "Can't open mail program.";

# Format email header information

print MESSAGE "To: $webmaster\n";
print MESSAGE "From: $ENV{'REMOTE_ADDR'}\n";
print MESSAGE "Reply-To: $FORM{feed_email}\n";
print MESSAGE "Subject: $subject\n\n";

# Write the actual email message

print MESSAGE "Answer from $FORM{feed_name} <$FORM{feed_email}>:\n\n";
print MESSAGE "$FORM{feed_comments}\n";
close (MESSAGE);

--- end ---

Lawrence Garfield
el...@cais.com
http://www.cais.com/elgar/home.htm

Prakash Baskaran

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Oct 21, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/21/95
to pme...@teamvision.com
Everything looks good except for one thing. You forgot to finish the
mail by printing a 'dot'.

Before closing your mail with close (MAIL), add the line

print MAIL ".";

prakash

Randal L. Schwartz

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Oct 21, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/21/95
to
>>>>> "Prakash" == Prakash Baskaran <pra...@mars.superlink.net> writes:

Prakash> Everything looks good except for one thing. You forgot to finish the
Prakash> mail by printing a 'dot'.

Prakash> Before closing your mail with close (MAIL), add the line

Prakash> print MAIL ".";

Uh, no.

Dot is only required when you are talking SMTP, and then you use the
"dot == end, double-dot == dot" encoding convention. Not necessary
at all when you are talking to sendmail.

Just another sendmail-guru and web-head,

--
Name: Randal L. Schwartz / Stonehenge Consulting Services (503)777-0095
Keywords: Perl training, UNIX[tm] consulting, video production, skiing, flying
Email: <mer...@stonehenge.com> Snail: (Call) PGP-Key: (finger mer...@ora.com)
Web: <A HREF="http://www.teleport.com/~merlyn/">My Home Page!</A>
Quote: "I'm telling you, if I could have five lines in my .sig, I would!" -- me

Otis Gospodnetic

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Oct 23, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/23/95
to
Lawrence Garfield (el...@cais.cais.com) wrote:
> On 19 Oct 1995, Mike Heins wrote:

> > hed...@best.com (M. Hedlund) writes:
> <cut>
> > >>The script executes without reporting any errors, but
> > >> I never receive any mail!


why not use something that already works ?
ftp://ftp.middlebury.edu/pub/WWW/Web2Mail/
get it, it takes 60 seconds to configure it and run it.
successfuly, too.

Otis

> Here's my code:

> --- begin ---

> --- end ---


--
Men rule the World !
Women rule men.

Stan Shapiro

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Oct 23, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/23/95
to M. Hedlund, el...@cais.com
>> > hed...@best.com (M. Hedlund) writes:
>> <cut>
>> > >>The script executes without reporting any errors, but
>> > >> I never receive any mail!
>
>
Hello,
Did you find an answer to this ? Sorry I've been busy recently and
not seen much of the news. I was wondering if adding the '-n'
switch might help.

A very wild guess that comes to
mind is that $REMOTE_ADDR is not a valid email address (it's an IP
address) so maybe sendmail tacks on a hostname (it wouldnt just break
would it?) and that without
-n some sort of aliasing may be taking place that takes you off the
recipient list. just a guess,though

Hope this maybe helps,

All the Best.
Stan Shapiro
--


>why not use something that already works ?
>ftp://ftp.middlebury.edu/pub/WWW/Web2Mail/
>get it, it takes 60 seconds to configure it and run it.
>successfuly, too.
>
>Otis
>
>> I'm getting the same problem. The process reports that the mail has

James A. Hoagland

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Oct 23, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/23/95
to
Otis Gospodnetic (ot...@panther.middlebury.edu) wrote:
: Lawrence Garfield (el...@cais.cais.com) wrote:
[...]
: why not use something that already works ?

: ftp://ftp.middlebury.edu/pub/WWW/Web2Mail/
: get it, it takes 60 seconds to configure it and run it.
: successfuly, too.

You can also use Getcomments to send e-mail. In addition you can append to
a file, and display text or and arbitary URL back to the user.

<URL:http://seclab.cs.ucdavis.edu/~hoagland/getcomments/>

Jim Hoagland

--
|* James A. Hoagland, Research Assistant, Computer Security Lab *|
|* University of California, Davis Department of Computer Science *|
|* <URL:http://seclab.cs.ucdavis.edu/~hoagland/> *|
|* Commit random acts of kindness and senseless acts of beauty. *|

luca...@nettuno.it

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Oct 25, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/25/95
to
Hi,
Which is the standard way to attach a file when sending E-mail from
a script???

I'm trying:

$sub="whatever!";


open (M, "| /usr/bin/mailx -s \"$sub\" $address <anyfile.xyz");

I do receive the file but directly in the body of the message (

any print M "blah blah"; gives no mail output).

Also how to include/attach more then one file?

THANKS.

Vassilis T.

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Oct 26, 1995, 3:00:00 AM10/26/95
to hed...@best.com, el...@cais.cais.com
In article <Pine.BSI.3.91.951020...@cais3.cais.com>,

Lawrence Garfield <el...@cais.cais.com> wrote:
>On 19 Oct 1995, Mike Heins wrote:
>
>> hed...@best.com (M. Hedlund) writes:
[...]

>$webmaster = "el...@cais.com";
> <cut>
> open (MESSAGE, "| /usr/sbin/sendmail -t") || die "Can't open mail
program.";

Try "/usr/sbin/sendmail $webmaster" - it should work :)

Vassilis

+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
| Vassilis Terzopoulos : I am not young enough to know everything.|
| bac...@eexi.gr & b...@techlink.gr & vt...@leon.nrcps.ariadne-t.gr |
| http://www.eexi.gr/~bacardi - working at http://www.techlink.gr |
| * This is MY OWN opinion, not my employer's nor anyone else's * |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------+
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