Embedded linux serial port

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pozz

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May 26, 2021, 7:54:03 AMMay 26
to
I used a simple driver for serial port in Linux with success in many
projects, but recently I found an issue with it.

The scenario is an embedded Linux (running on iMX6) that runs a QT
application (that creates a GUI on a touch display) and a C application
that communicates over a serial port.

When QT application starts some complex graphics (I see its CPU load
reaching 70-80%), the serial port application stops working correctly.
After some debugging, I noticed that the bytes really transmitted on the
wire aren't correct. It seems one or two bytes are re-transmitted and
one-two bytes aren't completely transmitted.

I suspect my serial port driver has some errors that are triggered only
when the CPU is loaded by other processes, but I don't know how to fix them.

I use O_NONBLOCK flag when opening serial port, but write() always
returns a positive number, so I think the byte is correctly moved to the
low-level serial port driver and really transmitted... but it isn't
always the case.

If I enable debugging messagin (with DEBUG_SERIAL macro), I always see
correct data on stdout, but wrong data on the wire.

Any hint?




#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <time.h>
#include "serial.h"

//#define DEBUG_SERIAL

#ifdef DEBUG_SERIAL
static bool debug_tx;
#endif

SERIAL_HANDLE
serial_open(const char *serial_name, int baudrate)
{
if (serial_name == NULL) return INVALID_SERIAL_HANDLE_VALUE;

speed_t speed;
if (baudrate == 57600)
{
speed = B57600;
}
else if (baudrate == 115200)
{
speed = B115200;
}
else
{
return INVALID_SERIAL_HANDLE_VALUE;
}

int hSerial;

hSerial = open(serial_name, O_RDWR | O_NOCTTY | O_NONBLOCK);
if (hSerial != -1)
{
int oldflags = fcntl (hSerial, F_GETFL, 0);
if (oldflags == -1) return -1;
oldflags &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
if (fcntl(hSerial, F_SETFL, oldflags) == -1)
{
return INVALID_SERIAL_HANDLE_VALUE;
}

struct termios options;
tcgetattr(hSerial, &options);

cfsetispeed(&options, speed);
cfsetospeed(&options, speed);

/* Input mode flags */
options.c_iflag &= ~(ISTRIP | IGNCR | ICRNL | INLCR | IXOFF |
IXON | INPCK );
options.c_iflag |= IGNBRK;

/* Output mode flags */
options.c_oflag &= ~OPOST;

/* Control mode flags */
options.c_cflag |= (CLOCAL | CREAD);
options.c_cflag &= ~( CSTOPB | PARENB);
options.c_cflag &= ~CSIZE;
options.c_cflag |= CS8;

/* Local mode flags */
options.c_lflag &= ~(ICANON | ECHO | ISIG);
options.c_lflag = NOFLSH;
options.c_cc[VMIN] = 0;
options.c_cc[VTIME] = 1;

tcsetattr(hSerial, TCSANOW, &options);

#ifdef DEBUG_SERIAL
debug_tx = 1;
printf("-> ");
#endif
}

return (SERIAL_HANDLE)hSerial;
}

void
serial_close(SERIAL_HANDLE hSerial)
{
close(hSerial);
}

int
serial_getdata(SERIAL_HANDLE hSerial, void *data, size_t data_len,
unsigned int timeout_sec)
{
size_t bytes_read = 0;
uint8_t *d = data;
time_t t_begin = time(NULL);

while(bytes_read != data_len)
{
if ((timeout_sec > 0) && (time(NULL) - t_begin > timeout_sec)) {
break;
}

int ret;
ret = read(hSerial, d, data_len - bytes_read);
if (ret < 0) return -1; // Error
if (ret > 0) {
#ifdef DEBUG_SERIAL
if (debug_tx) {
printf("\n<- ");
fflush(stdout);
debug_tx = 0;
}
for (unsigned int i = 0; i < ret; i++) {
printf("%02X", ((unsigned char * ) d)[i]);
fflush(stdout);
}
#endif

d += ret;
bytes_read += ret;
}
}


return bytes_read;
}

int
serial_putchar(SERIAL_HANDLE hSerial, unsigned char c)
{
#ifdef DEBUG_SERIAL
if (!debug_tx) {
printf("\n-> ");
debug_tx = 1;
}
printf("%02X", c);
#endif
int bytes_written;

bytes_written = write(hSerial, &c, 1);
if (bytes_written != 1) return -1;

return 0;
}

int
serial_putdata(SERIAL_HANDLE hSerial, const void *data, size_t size)
{
const unsigned char *d = data;
while(size--) {
int ret;
ret = serial_putchar(hSerial, *d++);
if (ret < 0) return -1;
}
return 0;
}

int
serial_putstr(SERIAL_HANDLE hSerial, const char *s)
{
if (s == NULL) return -1;
return serial_putdata(hSerial, s, strlen(s));
}

#endif


Johann Klammer

unread,
May 26, 2021, 5:52:31 PMMay 26
to
On 05/26/2021 01:53 PM, pozz wrote:
> I used a simple driver for serial port in Linux with success in many projects, but recently I found an issue with it.
>
> The scenario is an embedded Linux (running on iMX6) that runs a QT application (that creates a GUI on a touch display) and a C application that communicates over a serial port.
>
> When QT application starts some complex graphics (I see its CPU load reaching 70-80%), the serial port application stops working correctly.
> After some debugging, I noticed that the bytes really transmitted on the wire aren't correct. It seems one or two bytes are re-transmitted and one-two bytes aren't completely transmitted.
>
> I suspect my serial port driver has some errors that are triggered only when the CPU is loaded by other processes, but I don't know how to fix them.
>
> I use O_NONBLOCK flag when opening serial port, but write() always returns a positive number, so I think the byte is correctly moved to the low-level serial port driver and really transmitted... but it isn't always the case.
>
> If I enable debugging messagin (with DEBUG_SERIAL macro), I always see correct data on stdout, but wrong data on the wire.
>
> Any hint?
>
>
>
[I didn't read your code]
But here's what I used for transmitting.

static int
send_char (ser * d, char c)
{
if (d->fd == -1)
longjmp (d->env, 2);
ssize_t nbytes = TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY (write (d->fd, &c, 1));
return !(nbytes == 1);
}

I think the TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY may be important.
but there's about a zillion other flags and iocls wot could be at fault.
So I dont' really know if it helps.

pozz

unread,
May 27, 2021, 4:57:00 AMMay 27
to
I don't think TEMP_FAILURE_RETRY could help in my case. It simply retry
forever the write() while it returns -1 and errno==EINTR.

My function for writing is:

int
serial_putchar(SERIAL_HANDLE hSerial, unsigned char c)
{
int bytes_written;

bytes_written = write(hSerial, &c, 1);
if (bytes_written != 1) return -1;

return 0;
}

If write() returned -1, serial_putchar() would have returned -1 and the
caller would have detected this situation.

However in my case, when the problem arises, write() and read() never
return a negative number.
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