Feature Creation: BBS Call for Commentators

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Stevan Harnad

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Feb 19, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/19/97
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Below is the abstract of a forthcoming BBS target article on:

THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEATURES IN OBJECT CONCEPTS

by Philippe G. Schyns, Robert L. Goldstone & Jean-Pierre Thibaut

This article has been accepted for publication in Behavioral and Brain
Sciences (BBS), an international, interdisciplinary journal providing
Open Peer Commentary on important and controversial current research in
the biobehavioral and cognitive sciences.

Commentators must be BBS Associates or nominated by a BBS Associate. To
be considered as a commentator for this article, to suggest other
appropriate commentators, or for information about how to become a BBS
Associate, please send EMAIL to:

b...@cogsci.soton.ac.uk

or write to:

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Department of Psychology
University of Southampton
Highfield, Southampton
SO17 1BJ UNITED KINGDOM

http://www.princeton.edu/~harnad/bbs/
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/
ftp://ftp.princeton.edu/pub/harnad/BBS/
ftp://ftp.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/pub/bbs/
gopher://gopher.princeton.edu:70/11/.libraries/.pujournals

If you are not a BBS Associate, please send your CV and the name of a
BBS Associate (there are currently over 10,000 worldwide) who is
familiar with your work. All past BBS authors, referees and commentators
are eligible to become BBS Associates.

To help us put together a balanced list of commentators, please give
some indication of the aspects of the topic on which you would bring
your areas of expertise to bear if you were selected as a commentator.
An electronic draft of the full text is available for inspection
with a WWW browser, anonymous ftp or gopher according to the
instructions that follow after the abstract.
____________________________________________________________________

THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEATURES IN OBJECT CONCEPTS

Philippe G. Schyns Robert L. Goldstone Jean-Pierre Thibaut
Psychology Dept. Psychology Dept. Psychology Dept.
Glasgow University Indiana University Universite de Liege
Glasgow G12 8QB UK Bloomington IN 47405 4000 Liege BELGIUM
phil...@psy.gla.ac.uk rgol...@ucs.indiana.edu jthi...@vm1.ulg.ac.be

KEYWORDS: Concept learning, conceptual development, perceptual
learning, features, stimulus encoding

ABSTRACT: According to an influential approach to cognition, our
perceptual systems provide us with a repertoire of fixed features
as input to higher-level cognitive processes. We present a theory
of category learning and representation in which features, instead
of being components of a fixed repertoire, are created under the
influence of higher-level cognitive processes. When new categories
need to be learned, fixed features face one of two problems: (1)
High-level features that are directly useful for categorization may
not be flexible enough to represent all relevant objects. (2)
Low-level features consisting of unstructured fragments (such as
pixels) may not capture the regularities required for successful
categorization. We report evidence that feature creation occurs in
category learning and we describe the conditions that promote it.
Feature creation can adapt flexibly to changing environmental
demands and may be the origin of fixed feature repertoires.
Implications for object categorization, conceptual development,
chunking, constructive induction and formal models of
dimensionality reduction are discussed.

--------------------------------------------------------------
To help you decide whether you would be an appropriate commentator for
this article, an electronic draft is retrievable from the World Wide
Web or by anonymous ftp or gopher from the US or UK BBS Archive.
Ftp instructions follow below. Please do not prepare a commentary on
this draft. Just let us know, after having inspected it, what relevant
expertise you feel you would bring to bear on what aspect of the
article.

The URLs you can use to get to the BBS Archive:

http://www.princeton.edu/~harnad/bbs/
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/bbs/Archive/bbs.schyns.html
ftp://ftp.princeton.edu/pub/harnad/BBS/bbs.schyns
ftp://ftp.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/pub/bbs/Archive/bbs.schyns
gopher://gopher.princeton.edu:70/11/.libraries/.pujournals

To retrieve a file by ftp from an Internet site, type either:
ftp ftp.princeton.edu
or
ftp 128.112.128.1
When you are asked for your login, type:
anonymous
Enter password as queried (your password is your actual userid:
your...@yourhost.whatever.whatever - be sure to include the "@")
cd /pub/harnad/BBS
To show the available files, type:
ls
Next, retrieve the file you want with (for example):
get bbs.schyns
When you have the file(s) you want, type:
quit


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