ANN: stack-2.1.1 release

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Emanuel Borsboom

Jun 13, 2019, 2:48:38 PM6/13/19
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Announcing the first release in the stack-2.1 series!

You can download bindists for all supported platforms from

The Stack 2 release represents a series of significant changes to how
Stack works internally. For the vast majority of cases, these changes
are backwards compatible, in that existing projects will continue to
build in the same way with Stack 2 as they did with Stack 1. The large
version bump is due to the fundamental internal changes to cache
handling, database storage (using SQLite in place of binary files),
implicit snapshots (which greatly improve the precompiled cache), and
moving to Pantry. We have also removed some less used features, as
listed in the release notes below.

**Changes since v1.9.3**

Major changes:

* Switch over to pantry for managing packages. This is a major change
to Stack's internals, and affects user-visible behavior in a few
places. Some highlights:
* Drop support for multiple package indices and legacy
`00-index.tar` style indices. See
* Support for archives and repos in the `packages` section has
been removed. Instead, you must use `extra-deps` for such
dependencies. `packages` now only supports local filepaths.
* Add support for Git repositories containing (recursive) submodules.
* Addition of new configuration options for specifying a "pantry
tree" key, which provides more reproducibility around builds,
and (in the future) will be used for more efficient package
content downloads. You can also specify package name and version
for more efficient config parsing.
* __NOTE__ The new `stack freeze` command provides support
for automatically generating this additional
* Package contents and metadata are stored in an SQLite database
in place of files on the filesystem. The `pantry` library can be
used for interacting with these contents.
* Internally, Stack has changed many datatypes, including moving
to Cabal's definition of many data types. As a result of such
changes, existing cache files will in general be invalidated,
resulting in Stack needing to rebuild many previously cached
builds in the new version. Sorry :(.
* A new command, `stack freeze` has been added which outputs
project and snapshot definitions with dependencies pinned to
their exact versions.
* The `ignore-revision-mismatch` setting is no longer needed, and
has been removed.
* Overriding GHC boot packages results in any other GHC boot
packages depending on it being no longer available as a dependency,
such packages need to be added explicitly when needed. See
[#4510] (
* Cabal solver integration was not updated to support newer
`cabal-install` versions so `stack solver` command was removed as
well as a related option `--solver` from `stack new` and
`stack init`.
* Upgrade to Cabal 2.4
* Note that, in this process, the behavior of file globbing has
been modified to match that of Cabal. In particular, this means
that for Cabal spec versions less than 2.4, `*.txt` will
match `foo.txt`, but not `foo.2.txt`.
* Remove the `stack image` command. With the advent of Docker multistage
builds, this functionality is no longer useful. For an example, please see
[Building Haskell Apps with
* Support building GHC from source (experimental)
* Stack now supports building and installing GHC from source. The built GHC
is uniquely identified by a commit id and an Hadrian "flavour" (Hadrian is
the newer GHC build system), hence `compiler` can be set to use a GHC
built from source with `ghc-git-COMMIT-FLAVOUR`
* `stack.yaml` now supports a `configure-options`, which are passed directly to
the `configure` step in the Cabal build process. See
* Remove support for building GHCJS itself. Future releases of Stack
may remove GHCJS support entirely.
* Support for lock files for pinning exact project dependency versions

Behavior changes:

* `stack.yaml` now supports `snapshot`: a synonym for `resolver`. See
* `stack script` now passes `-i -idir` in to the `ghc`
invocation. This makes it so that the script can import local
modules, and fixes an issue where `.hs` files in the current
directory could affect interpretation of the script. See
* When using `stack script`, custom snapshot files will be resolved
relative to the directory containing the script.
* Remove the deprecated `--upgrade-cabal` flag to `stack setup`.
* Support the `drop-packages` field in `stack.yaml`
* Remove the GPG signing code during uploads. The GPG signatures have
never been used yet, and there are no plans to implement signature
* Remove the `--plain` option for the `exec` family of commands
* Always use the `--exact-configuration` Cabal configuration option when
building (should mostly be a non-user-visible enhancement).
* No longer supports Cabal versions older than `1.19.2`. This means
projects using snapshots earlier than `lts-3.0` or
`nightly-2015-05-05` will no longer build.
* Remove the `stack docker cleanup` command. Docker itself now has
[`docker image
[`docker container
which you can use instead.
* Interleaved output is now turned on by default, see
[#4702]( In
addition, the `packagename> ` prefix is no longer included in
interelaved mode when only building a single target.
* The `-fhide-source-paths` GHC option is now enabled by default and
can be disabled via the `hide-source-paths` configuration option in
`stack.yaml`. See
* Stack will reconfigure a package if you modify your `PATH` environment
variable. See
* For GHC 8.4 and later, disable the "shadowed dependencies" workaround. This
means that Stack will no longer have to force reconfigures as often. See
* When building a package, Stack takes a lock on the dist directory in
use to avoid multiple runs of Stack from trampling each others'
files. See
* Stack will check occassionally if there is a new version available and prompt
the user to upgrade. This will not incur any additional network traffic, as
it will piggy-back on the existing Hackage index updates. You can set
`recommend-stack-upgrade: false` to bypass this. See
* `stack list-dependencies` has been removed in favour of `stack ls
* The new default for `--docker-auto-pull` is enabled. See

Other enhancements:

* Support MX Linux in Fixes
* Defer loading up of files for local packages. This allows us to get
plan construction errors much faster, and avoid some unnecessary
work when only building a subset of packages. This is especially
useful for the curator use case.
* Existing global option `--color=WHEN` is now also available as a
non-project-specific yaml configuration parameter `color:`.
* Adopt the standard proposed at, that color should not be
added by default if the `NO_COLOR` environment variable is present.
* New command `stack ls stack-colors` lists the styles and the associated 'ANSI'
control character sequences that stack uses to color some of its output. See
`stack ls stack-colors --help` for more information.
* New global option `--stack-colors=STYLES`, also available as a
non-project-specific yaml configuration parameter, allows a stack user to
redefine the default styles that stack uses to color some of its output. See
`stack --help` for more information.
* British English spelling of 'color' (colour) accepted as an alias for
`--color`, `--stack-colors`, `stack ls stack-colors` at the command line and
for `color:` and `stack-colors:` in yaml configuration files.
* New build option `--ddump-dir`. (See
* Stack parses and respects the `preferred-versions` information from
Hackage for choosing latest version of a package in some cases,
e.g. `stack unpack packagename`.
* The components output in the `The main module to load is ambiguous` message
now include package names so they can be more easily copy-pasted.
* Git repos are shared across multiple projects. See
* Use en_US.UTF-8 locale by default in pure Nix mode so programs won't
crash because of Unicode in their output
* Add `--tree` to `ls dependencies` to list dependencies as tree.
* Add `--pedantic` to `ghci` to run with `-Wall` and `-Werror`
* Add `--cabal-files` flag to `stack ide targets` command.
* Add `--stdout` flag to all `stack ide` subcommands.
* Use batches when unregistering packages with `ghc-pkg`.
(See [#2662](
* `get-stack` script now works on Windows CI machines of Appveyor,
Travis and Azure Pipelines. See
* Show snapshot being used when `stack ghci` is invoked outside of a project
directory. See
* The script interpreter now accepts a `--extra-dep` flag for adding
packages not present in the snapshot. Currently, this only works
with packages from Hackage, not Git repos or archives.
* When using the script interpreter with `--optimize` or `--compile`,
Stack will perform an optimization of checking whether a newer
executable exists, making reruns significantly faster. There's a
downside to this, however: if you have a multifile script, and
change one of the dependency modules, Stack will not automatically
detect and recompile.
* `stack clean` will delete the entire `.stack-work/dist` directory,
not just the relevant subdirectory for the current GHC version. See
* Add `stack purge` as a shortcut for `stack clean --full`. See
* Both `stack dot` and `stack ls dependencies` accept a
`--global-hints` flag to bypass the need for an installed GHC. See
* Add the `stack config env` command for getting shell script environment
variables. See [#620](
* Less verbose output from `stack setup` on Windows. See
* Add an optional `ignore-expiry` flag to the `hackage-security`
section of the `~/.stack/config.yaml`. It allows to disable timestamp
expiration verification just like `cabal --ignore-expiry` does.
The flag is not enabled by default so that the default functionality
is not changed.
* Include default values for most command line flags in the `--help`
output. See
* Set the `GHC_ENVIRONMENT` environment variable to specify dependency
packages explicitly when running test. This is done to prevent
ambiguous module name errors in `doctest` tests.
* `get-stack` script now works on Windows CI machines of Appveyor,
Travis and Azure Pipelines. See
* Warn when a Docker image does not include a `PATH` environment
variable. See
* When using `system-ghc: true`, Stack will now find the appropriate GHC
installation based on the version suffix, allowing you to more easily switch
between various system-installed GHCs. See
* `stack init` will now support create a `stack.yaml` file without any local
packages. See [#2465](
* Store caches in SQLite database instead of files.
* No longer use "global" Docker image database (`docker.db`).
* User config files are respected for the script command. See
* Set the `GHC_ENVIRONMENT` environment variable to `-` to tell GHC to
ignore any such files when GHC is new enough (>= 8.4.4), otherwise
simply unset the variable. This allows Stack to have control of
package databases when running commands like `stack exec ghci`, even
in the presence of implicit environment files created by `cabal
new-build`. See
* Use a database cache table to speed up discovery of installed GHCs
* You can specify multiple `--test-arguments` options. See
* Windows terminal width detection is now done. See
* On Windows, informs users if the 'programs' path contains a space character
and further warns users if that path does not have an alternative short
('8 dot 3') name, referencing the `local-programs-path` configuration option.
See [#4726](
* Add `--docker-mount-mode` option to set the Docker volume mount mode
for performance tuning on macOS.

Bug fixes:

* Ignore duplicate files for a single module when a Haskell module was
generated from a preprocessor file. See
* Only track down components in current directory if there are no
hs-source-dirs found. This eliminates a number of false-positive
warnings, similar to
* Handle a change in GHC's hi-dump format around `addDependentFile`,
which now includes a hash. See
* Fix `subdirs` for git repos in `extra-deps` to match whole directory names.
Also fixes for `subdirs: .`. See
* Fix for git packages to update submodules to the correct state. See
* Add `--cabal-files` flag to `stack ide targets` command.
* Don't download ghc when using `stack clean`.
* Support loading in GHCi definitions from symlinked C files. Without this
patch, Stack will try to find object files in the directory pointed to
by symlinks, while GCC will produce the object files in the original
directory. See
* Fix handling of GitHub and URL templates on Windows. See
* Fix `--file-watch` not responding to file modifications when running
inside docker on Mac. See
* Using `--ghc-options` with `stack script --compile` now works.
* Ensure the detailed-0.9 type tests work.
See [#4453](
* Extra include and lib dirs are now order-dependent. See
* Apply GHC options when building a `Setup.hs` file. See
* Stack handles ABI changes in FreeBSD 12 by differentiating that version from
* Help text for the `templates` subcommand now reflects behaviour in stack 1.9
— that it downloads and shows a help file, rather than listing available
* Fix detection of aarch64 platform (this broke when we upgraded to a newer
Cabal version).
* Docker: fix detecting and pulling missing images with
`--docker-auto-pull`, see
* Hackage credentials are not world-readable. See
* Warnings are dumped from logs even when color is enabled. See
* `stack init` will now work for cabal files with sublibraries. See
* When the Cabal spec version is newer than the global Cabal version, build
against the snapshot's Cabal library. See
* Docker: fix detection of expected subprocess failures. This fixes
downloading a compatible `stack` executable when the host `stack` is not
compatible with the Docker image (on Linux), and doesn't show an unnecessary
extra error when the in-container re-exec'ed `stack` exits with failure.
* The `stack ghci` command's `--ghc-options` flag now parses multiple options.
See [#3315](

**Thanks to all our contributors for this release:**

* Adam Bergmark
* Akshay Mankar
* Aleksey Kozin
* ALeX Kazik
* Alexey Kozin
* Alexey Kuleshevich
* Anders Kaseorg
* Anders Kiel Hovgaard
* Artyom Kazak
* Bastian Krol
* Björn Gohla
* Brad Neimann
* Brandon Chinn
* Colin Woodbury
* Cthulhu.Den
* dadepo
* Daniel Gröber
* David Baynard
* David Spies
* David Vollbracht
* dbaynard
* Emanuel Borsboom
* favonia
* flip111
* Florjan Bartol
* Gleb Popov
* Hussein Ait-Lahcen
* Isumi Feng
* Janfel
* Jurijs Oniscuks
* Kayla Ngan
* Kirill Zaborsky
* Magicloud
* Matt Audesse
* Mauricio Fierro
* Michael Sloan
* Michael Snoyman
* Mihai Maruseac
* Mike Pilgrem
* Neil Mitchell
* NeonGraal
* Niklas Hambüchen
* penteract
* Phil de Joux
* Raghu Kaippully
* Sibi
* Sibi Prabakaran
* Simon Hengel
* skapazzo
* Sylvain HENRY
* Sylvain Henry
* Taekyung
* Timothy Clem
* Tom Sydney Kerckhove
* Valery V. Vorotyntsev
* Vance Palacio
* waddlaw
* 欧阳泽
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