I almost think it’s because there’s no graphics acceleration for the GMA 3150 in Android 9 vs Android 4 through 8.1.
Specs of my Pineview Atom system (Dell Inspiron Mini Duo 1090):
Intel Atom N550
320 GB HDD
Intel GMA 3150 graphics
As a side note: it runs regular Linux fine but with its high resolution screen it makes stuff like Openbox unusable due to how small it is.