Detecting Android in C/C++ Source Files (Preprocessor Macros)

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Jeffrey Walton

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Jul 3, 2013, 4:38:49 PM7/3/13
to Android NDK List
Hi All,

What is the recommended way of detecting Android/ARM, Android/x86 and
to a lesser extent (for me) Android/Mips?

From the looks of it, we can detect Android/ARM using __ANDROID__ and
__ARM_EABI__. Is that correct?

Jeff

$ arm-linux-androideabi-cpp -dM < /dev/null | sort
#define __ANDROID__ 1
#define __APCS_32__ 1
#define __ARMEL__ 1
#define __ARM_ARCH_5TE__ 1
#define __ARM_EABI__ 1
#define __ARM_FEATURE_DSP 1
#define __ARM_PCS 1
#define __BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT__ 8
#define __BYTE_ORDER__ __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
#define __CHAR16_TYPE__ short unsigned int
#define __CHAR32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __CHAR_BIT__ 8
#define __CHAR_UNSIGNED__ 1
#define __DBL_DECIMAL_DIG__ 17
#define __DBL_DENORM_MIN__ ((double)4.9406564584124654e-324L)
#define __DBL_DIG__ 15
#define __DBL_EPSILON__ ((double)2.2204460492503131e-16L)
#define __DBL_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __DBL_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __DBL_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
#define __DBL_MANT_DIG__ 53
#define __DBL_MAX_10_EXP__ 308
#define __DBL_MAX_EXP__ 1024
#define __DBL_MAX__ ((double)1.7976931348623157e+308L)
#define __DBL_MIN_10_EXP__ (-307)
#define __DBL_MIN_EXP__ (-1021)
#define __DBL_MIN__ ((double)2.2250738585072014e-308L)
#define __DEC128_EPSILON__ 1E-33DL
#define __DEC128_MANT_DIG__ 34
#define __DEC128_MAX_EXP__ 6145
#define __DEC128_MAX__ 9.999999999999999999999999999999999E6144DL
#define __DEC128_MIN_EXP__ (-6142)
#define __DEC128_MIN__ 1E-6143DL
#define __DEC128_SUBNORMAL_MIN__ 0.000000000000000000000000000000001E-6143DL
#define __DEC32_EPSILON__ 1E-6DF
#define __DEC32_MANT_DIG__ 7
#define __DEC32_MAX_EXP__ 97
#define __DEC32_MAX__ 9.999999E96DF
#define __DEC32_MIN_EXP__ (-94)
#define __DEC32_MIN__ 1E-95DF
#define __DEC32_SUBNORMAL_MIN__ 0.000001E-95DF
#define __DEC64_EPSILON__ 1E-15DD
#define __DEC64_MANT_DIG__ 16
#define __DEC64_MAX_EXP__ 385
#define __DEC64_MAX__ 9.999999999999999E384DD
#define __DEC64_MIN_EXP__ (-382)
#define __DEC64_MIN__ 1E-383DD
#define __DEC64_SUBNORMAL_MIN__ 0.000000000000001E-383DD
#define __DECIMAL_DIG__ 17
#define __DEC_EVAL_METHOD__ 2
#define __ELF__ 1
#define __FINITE_MATH_ONLY__ 0
#define __FLOAT_WORD_ORDER__ __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
#define __FLT_DECIMAL_DIG__ 9
#define __FLT_DENORM_MIN__ 1.4012984643248171e-45F
#define __FLT_DIG__ 6
#define __FLT_EPSILON__ 1.1920928955078125e-7F
#define __FLT_EVAL_METHOD__ 0
#define __FLT_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __FLT_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __FLT_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
#define __FLT_MANT_DIG__ 24
#define __FLT_MAX_10_EXP__ 38
#define __FLT_MAX_EXP__ 128
#define __FLT_MAX__ 3.4028234663852886e+38F
#define __FLT_MIN_10_EXP__ (-37)
#define __FLT_MIN_EXP__ (-125)
#define __FLT_MIN__ 1.1754943508222875e-38F
#define __FLT_RADIX__ 2
#define __GNUC_GNU_INLINE__ 1
#define __GNUC_MINOR__ 6
#define __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__ 0
#define __GNUC__ 4
#define __GXX_ABI_VERSION 1002
#define __GXX_TYPEINFO_EQUALITY_INLINE 0
#define __INT16_C(c) c
#define __INT16_MAX__ 32767
#define __INT16_TYPE__ short int
#define __INT32_C(c) c
#define __INT32_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INT32_TYPE__ int
#define __INT64_C(c) c ## LL
#define __INT64_MAX__ 9223372036854775807LL
#define __INT64_TYPE__ long long int
#define __INT8_C(c) c
#define __INT8_MAX__ 127
#define __INT8_TYPE__ signed char
#define __INTMAX_C(c) c ## LL
#define __INTMAX_MAX__ 9223372036854775807LL
#define __INTMAX_TYPE__ long long int
#define __INTPTR_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INTPTR_TYPE__ int
#define __INT_FAST16_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INT_FAST16_TYPE__ int
#define __INT_FAST32_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INT_FAST32_TYPE__ int
#define __INT_FAST64_MAX__ 9223372036854775807LL
#define __INT_FAST64_TYPE__ long long int
#define __INT_FAST8_MAX__ 127
#define __INT_FAST8_TYPE__ signed char
#define __INT_LEAST16_MAX__ 32767
#define __INT_LEAST16_TYPE__ short int
#define __INT_LEAST32_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INT_LEAST32_TYPE__ int
#define __INT_LEAST64_MAX__ 9223372036854775807LL
#define __INT_LEAST64_TYPE__ long long int
#define __INT_LEAST8_MAX__ 127
#define __INT_LEAST8_TYPE__ signed char
#define __INT_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __LDBL_DENORM_MIN__ 4.9406564584124654e-324L
#define __LDBL_DIG__ 15
#define __LDBL_EPSILON__ 2.2204460492503131e-16L
#define __LDBL_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __LDBL_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __LDBL_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
#define __LDBL_MANT_DIG__ 53
#define __LDBL_MAX_10_EXP__ 308
#define __LDBL_MAX_EXP__ 1024
#define __LDBL_MAX__ 1.7976931348623157e+308L
#define __LDBL_MIN_10_EXP__ (-307)
#define __LDBL_MIN_EXP__ (-1021)
#define __LDBL_MIN__ 2.2250738585072014e-308L
#define __LONG_LONG_MAX__ 9223372036854775807LL
#define __LONG_MAX__ 2147483647L
#define __NO_INLINE__ 1
#define __ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN__ 4321
#define __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__ 1234
#define __ORDER_PDP_ENDIAN__ 3412
#define __PIC__ 1
#define __PRAGMA_REDEFINE_EXTNAME 1
#define __PTRDIFF_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __PTRDIFF_TYPE__ int
#define __REGISTER_PREFIX__
#define __SCHAR_MAX__ 127
#define __SHRT_MAX__ 32767
#define __SIG_ATOMIC_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __SIG_ATOMIC_MIN__ (-__SIG_ATOMIC_MAX__ - 1)
#define __SIG_ATOMIC_TYPE__ int
#define __SIZEOF_DOUBLE__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_FLOAT__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_INT__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_LONG_DOUBLE__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_LONG_LONG__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_LONG__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_POINTER__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_PTRDIFF_T__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_SHORT__ 2
#define __SIZEOF_SIZE_T__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_WCHAR_T__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_WINT_T__ 4
#define __SIZE_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __SIZE_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __SOFTFP__ 1
#define __STDC_HOSTED__ 1
#define __STDC__ 1
#define __THUMB_INTERWORK__ 1
#define __UINT16_C(c) c
#define __UINT16_MAX__ 65535
#define __UINT16_TYPE__ short unsigned int
#define __UINT32_C(c) c ## U
#define __UINT32_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINT32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT64_C(c) c ## ULL
#define __UINT64_MAX__ 18446744073709551615ULL
#define __UINT64_TYPE__ long long unsigned int
#define __UINT8_C(c) c
#define __UINT8_MAX__ 255
#define __UINT8_TYPE__ unsigned char
#define __UINTMAX_C(c) c ## ULL
#define __UINTMAX_MAX__ 18446744073709551615ULL
#define __UINTMAX_TYPE__ long long unsigned int
#define __UINTPTR_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINTPTR_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST16_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINT_FAST16_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST32_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINT_FAST32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST64_MAX__ 18446744073709551615ULL
#define __UINT_FAST64_TYPE__ long long unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST8_MAX__ 255
#define __UINT_FAST8_TYPE__ unsigned char
#define __UINT_LEAST16_MAX__ 65535
#define __UINT_LEAST16_TYPE__ short unsigned int
#define __UINT_LEAST32_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINT_LEAST32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT_LEAST64_MAX__ 18446744073709551615ULL
#define __UINT_LEAST64_TYPE__ long long unsigned int
#define __UINT_LEAST8_MAX__ 255
#define __UINT_LEAST8_TYPE__ unsigned char
#define __USER_LABEL_PREFIX__
#define __VERSION__ "4.6 20120106 (prerelease)"
#define __VFP_FP__ 1
#define __WCHAR_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __WCHAR_MIN__ 0U
#define __WCHAR_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __WINT_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __WINT_MIN__ 0U
#define __WINT_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __arm__ 1
#define __linux 1
#define __linux__ 1
#define __pic__ 1
#define __unix 1
#define __unix__ 1
#define linux 1
#define unix 1

David Turner

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Jul 3, 2013, 5:11:29 PM7/3/13
to andro...@googlegroups.com
__ANDROID__ is always predefined by the toolchain when targetting Android.
__arm__ -> for ARM 32-bit devices (but not 64-bit ARMv8 a.k.a AARCH64)
__i386__ -> for x86 ones.
__mips__ -> for MIPS ones.

__ARM_EABI__ should always be defined on Android/ARM as well. It could be undefined for old Linux/ARM toolchains though, but the code they generate would probably not run on Android.

Hope this helps



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Jeffrey Walton

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Jul 3, 2013, 5:12:34 PM7/3/13
to andro...@googlegroups.com
On Wed, Jul 3, 2013 at 5:11 PM, David Turner <di...@android.com> wrote:
> __ANDROID__ is always predefined by the toolchain when targetting Android.
> __arm__ -> for ARM 32-bit devices (but not 64-bit ARMv8 a.k.a AARCH64)
> __i386__ -> for x86 ones.
> __mips__ -> for MIPS ones.
>
> __ARM_EABI__ should always be defined on Android/ARM as well. It could be
> undefined for old Linux/ARM toolchains though, but the code they generate
> would probably not run on Android.
>
> Hope this helps
Perfect, thanks.

Jeff
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