May 18, 2020, 11:25:25 AM5/18/20
Even before I watched all of "Daria," its heroine Daria Morgendorffer
loomed large in my consciousness. At the turn of the millennium, MTV was
saturated with Backstreet Boys and *NSYNC music videos - and obsessed
with the nascent careers of Christina Aguilera and Britney Spears. I
watched all of that, too. But she became one of the first characters I
saw on television who seemed to feel the way I did about the world. The
phrase I held onto was from "Esteemsters," the "Daria" series premiere -
"I don't have low self-esteem. I have low esteem for everyone else."
"Daria" introduced us to the world of sarcastic and brilliant Daria
Morgendorffer. The world has changed a little. But aside from a clunky
phone or two, "Daria" feels more modern than ever.
"Daria" didn't just come from "Beavis" - the crew did, too. As Mike
Judge's two slackers became icons of a generation, they changed MTV.
"MTV never had an animation department, and all of a sudden we were in
an animation department," says producer Susie Lewis, co-creator of
"Daria," who was producing the music video segments of "Beavis and
Butt-Head" when word began to spread about spinning off Daria - a
sketched out, minor character who the boys not-so-affectionately called
"Diarrhea" - into her own show. At least partly, the reason was because
MTV wanted to broaden its demographic.
To put it more bluntly: "MTV had no female viewers," says showrunner and
co-creator Glenn Eichler, who was writing on "Beavis and Butt-Head." "I
wouldn't not use the word `desperate.'"
Now a writer for "The Late Show with Stephen Colbert," Eichler has the
kind of self-mocking deadpan that Daria herself has. Asked if he ever
thought about how Daria might react to things now, he pauses and laughs.
"No. I just react that way myself."
Eichler liked animation, but had never worked on animation before
shifting from writing promos for MTV to the "Beavis and Butt-Head"
writers' room. But the show he ended up writing for Daria had very
little in common with "Beavis and Butt-Head."
Eichler had no mandate from MTV to set the show in a complex world -
indeed, compared to the other programming on MTV at the time, "Daria"
was oddly continuous and considered. "It was just the way I thought," he
says. "I don't think in very commercial terms, you know? `Dawson's
Creek' was on at the same time we were on, and if I could think like
those people, I'd have a much bigger house. But that's OK."
"It was a unique time," Lewis says. "We never had to go in and pitch a
show. I can't even imagine going in and saying - we really wanna do this
show about this sarcastic girl who's smarter than everyone, and she
doesn't really like anybody."
Eichler adds, "The thing that was so great about MTV in those days - and
also so terrible - was that anything goes. Nobody was in charge. They
had a lot of theories about branding, but zero theories about
programming." (The head of MTV animation at the time was Abby Terkuhle,
now president of Aboriginal Entertainment. He was also an executive
producer on "Daria.")
The climate meant that both Eichler and Lewis could pursue what they
wanted for "Daria." There was no real mandate for the show; no promises
had been made that needed to be kept.
Lewis - who describes herself as the Jane to Eichler's Daria - had a
vision for Daria's spinoff that was quite different from Beavis and
Butt-Head's world. Where the boys' show was a little tentatively lined
and cartoonish, with a bleached-out palette, "Daria" was bold,
geometric, and lined with firm, decisive strokes. It reflected Daria's
precise worldview, and opened up the viewer to her perspective.
Karen Disher, at the time a 24-year-old layout artist at "Beavis and
Butt-Head," came up with the style for the pilot (and later became the
show's supervising director). But Disher, now a story artist with Blue
Sky, downplays her own contributions. "I guess it's flatness by way of,
stylistic choice, but also, uh, ability?" she says, laughing. The show
copied several characters from pop culture at the time. Jane's brother,
the wannabe rocker Trent, was based on Dave Navarro and named after
Trent Reznor. Disher's take on Mr. DiMartino, the yelling teacher with
the eye twitch, was based on Christopher Walken in "Pulp Fiction." She
drew him on her couch while watching the movie, pausing the VHS tape to
get his every facial expression.
Disher credits Lewis with the show's realistic animation - the notes
that came back on early storyboards were all about uncomplicated camera
angles and naturalistic posing, which isn't exactly why animators get
excited about cartooning. "It was very much a writing-driven show.
Without Glenn and his writing, it wouldn't matter. That was the show.
You didn't need crazy camera angles to make it good."
The five-minute pilot was a hit with the focus group. "People latched
onto her right away," Lewis says. "We were all surprised. But I really
believe it's because she seemed like a real person. Even though she's a
cartoon. she was like, a real teenage girl."
Each episode required a nine-month leadtime, from scripts to voice
acting to storyboarding to overseas animation in Korea. Disher recounts
with pride how the show went to the storyboard artists on literal
cassette tapes, with an exposure sheet that she worked out with a
"Once we realized the show was doing well and was going to continue - it
was like, ok maybe we should plan some kind of arc, or some kind of
progress, but we never like, ran that by executives. We never presented
it," Lewis said.
"Like Daria, maybe at the time I didn't realize how good I had it,"
What's interesting about "Daria's" seemingly scattershot creation - none
of the three "Daria" vets I spoke to could remember who actually had the
idea first to spin off Daria into her own show - is that the show is
otherwise amazingly, brilliantly considered. The character was and is
emblematic of that certain intellectual disaffection that young people
have had for the world throughout history. But it's easy to forget that
outside of just what Daria herself said, "Daria" the show was a
beautiful story engine. Daria's family were loudmouth caricatures that
belied a surprisingly humane and intimate set of dynamics; over five
seasons, Daria's relationships with her mother, Jane, and sister, Quinn,
delicately grow and change until they are transformed. The two seasons
where Jane and Daria both end up liking the same guy is both classically
universal - the love triangle - and yet is rendered with a lot of
sympathy and affection for these two specific characters. Daria is
smart, but not omnipotent, and "Daria" puts her through the paces of the
world, from understanding the complex history of home loans for black
applicants to getting her belly button pierced because a cute guy dares
her to. "Daria" was as oddly comfortable tackling the difficult decision
of getting contacts as it was depicting the ravages of product
placement; it was a show about teen girls, but never patronizing.
"One thing was very much a rule," recalls Disher. "`Daria' was always
written gender-neutral. Glenn was very specific about that. There are no
[episodes] where they're talking about their periods or having slumber
And delightfully, "Daria" paired classic high school storylines with
some really weird episodes. As seemed to be requisite in the `90s,
there's actually a musical episode; there's also an episode where Daria
runs into the physical embodiments of a few rogue holidays. One episode
takes place entirely in a dream. There was a surreal creativity to the
show that allowed both for Daria's parents to trip on "glitter berries"
during a hike and for its recurring gag over the credits, where the
familiar characters, whose costumes never changed, got weird and
wonderful new get-ups for a few fleeting moments. And while the show was
always primarily a comedy, in its final season, is when the show gets
heavy - Daria fights with Tom about having sex, Quinn's and her friend
Stacey sidestep around eating disorders, Jane struggles with her
relationship to her art, and Daria slowly realizes that her parents used
to fight about her.
Quite by accident, I watched all of "Daria" while trying to accept the
results of the 2016 election. I had no idea the anniversary of the show
was coming up; it just looked comforting - a callback to my mental state
circa 2000, when a similar feeling of despair had me burned out.
It wasn't just me. When I first contacted Lewis about this piece, she
emailed me a photo from the Women's March in Washington, D.C. It was of
a teenage girl holding her own hand-drawn Daria, with a word bubble that
read "THE FUTURE IS FEMALE." (Lewis was sent the photo by none other
than Wendy Hoopes, a former voice actor for "Daria.") When I first
called Eichler, it happened to be Inauguration Day. "I don't think
[Daria] felt better about the world by the end" of the show, he told me.
"But you picked a bad day to talk to me!"
"Daria" is not an overtly political show, but - especially for a show
that debuted in 1997 - it tried to be inclusive and socially
progressive, in a way that anticipated how rapidly millennials would
embrace causes like gay marriage and Black Lives Matter. It was never
explicitly stated that Lawndale was a cookie-cutter white-flight suburb,
but it obviously was: The only two black kids at Lawndale, Jodie and
Mac, were high-achieving and thoughtful, but awkwardly paraded around
like props of diversity by high school administration. Jodie and Daria
had a lot in common, but never quite became friends; Jodie was much more
invested in success than Daria was, and one of Daria's learning arcs in
the show is understanding why Jodie might feel so much pressure to
And Daria herself isn't allowed to smugly rest on her woke laurels,
either. Some of the most interesting episodes of the show are when Daria
has to process a new fact that challenges her worldview - such as, for
example, discovering that she wants to indulge in her vanity enough to
try contacts, or her realization while dating Tom that she does want him
to remember their anniversary, even if it is dumb. She rapidly loses
patience with everyone, including herself, with the moral superiority
that teenagers are so good at.
Both Daria the character and "Daria" the show were consumed with what it
meant to be different from a world that indifferent or even hostile.
Anyone who didn't fit in necessarily stuck out. In a political climate
that felt much more hostile, all of a sudden, than it had been just a
few short months ago - is it any wonder that Daria's steadfast, daily
persistence in being different felt like highly necessary inspiration, a
regular reminder that not everyone is okay with the widely accepted
norms of the world? "Daria" is about Daria's attempt to be a better but
still steadfast Daria - in a world that is frequently dumb, boring, not
listening, or malfunctioning. Under the Trump Administration, I have a
better word for what she seems to embody: Resistance. In a world that
makes absolutely no sense (America; Lawndale High; the suburbs; the
`90s), Daria and Jane are just two misfits trying to survive relatively
unscathed. It's everyone's story.
While "Daria" was on-air, Eichler was a little skeptical of its
reception. "I've had a lot of people say to me, you know - that show
really got me through high school. And for the first 10-15 years they
said that to me, i'd be like oh yeah, okay, sure. But now I'm starting
to like hearing that," he said, laughing. "I'm glad people liked it. And
I'm glad they still like it. It makes me feel like the work was worth
Eichler felt he was done with the story after the five seasons and two
movies. "Not too long after the series ended, MTV animation imploded, so
I don't know if we would have even made it to a sixth year."
Says Lewis: "I often think where she'd be today. I think she'd be a
writer on a talk show, similar to Glenn, writing like political
commentary. I do wonder - and this has no reflection on Glenn - I wonder
how her navigation has been through her work life, and what kinds of
success she's had with her personality, and what kind of challenges.
Because she is that person who doesn't always fit in, but she is
"Somebody said something about this show on like a message board and it
was my favorite thing I ever read about it - if it weren't so funny, it
would be unbearably sad," Eichler says. "We were trying to process all
those horrible things, in a lighthearted way. And let people exhale a
little bit and say it's not just me or thank god I'm not there anymore."
"We were satirizing people, but I hope we were sympathetic."
Every American should want President Trump and his administration to
handle the coronavirus epidemic effectively and successfully. Those
who seem eager to see the president fail and to call every
administration misstep a fiasco risk letting their partisanship blind
them to the demands not only of civic responsibility but of basic