Re: Early 2022 LGBTQIA+ monkeypox virus spread among sexual networks of bisexual and gay males in England

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Lock Them UP!

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Aug 17, 2022, 11:45:03 PMAug 17
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In article <d927c135-fbcf-4be5-a316-
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<governo...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> It's a FAGGOT SPREAD DISEASE! Nothing will change that.
>

In a recent early release article published in the Emerging
Infectious Diseases journal, researchers investigated the cause
of the early monkeypox virus (MPXV) transmission across bisexual
and gay men's sexual networks in England in 2022.

Background
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A zoonotic viral infection called monkeypox is endemic in
Central and West Africa. Close skin-to-skin contact is likely to
be the main transmission route for the MPXV; others include
fomites and respiratory secretions.

Before 2022, isolated MPXV cases documented in England were
either associated directly with travel from regions where
monkeypox was endemic or linked to healthcare or household
contacts of infected patients. Nonetheless, several European
nations reported persistent human-to-human MPXV transmission in
May 2022, particularly in the sexual networks of gay, bisexual,
and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM).

By 25 May 2022, 85 polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed
monkeypox cases had been reported in England, 82 of which had
suspected or known linkages to transmission in GBMSM sexual
networks. Social networks that connect members through sexual
activity are known as sexual networks.

The United Kingdom Health Security Agency (UKHSA) distributed
quick sexual health questionnaires to individuals with proven
MPXV infection in response to an immediate demand for data
regarding the epidemiology of this atypical pattern of MPXV
transmission.

About the study
In the present study, the team examined the findings of the
UKHSA implemented rapid sexual health questionnaires to
individuals with verified MPXV infection. Further, they assessed
the consequences of these findings for public health initiatives.

The study was conducted for health protection objectives
following the permissions endowed to UKHSA to gather and process
confidential patient information. All information was anonymized
during evaluations, and files were kept securely.

According to standard protocol, individuals with verified MPXV
infection were discovered by PCR at the UKHSA Rare and Imported
Pathogens Laboratory and notified to local health protection
groups accountable for public health surveillance. MPXV patients
with suspected or known linkages to transmission across GBMSM
sexual networks were contacted for follow-up interviews focusing
on individual sexual health; telephone interviews were conducted
from 25 to 30 May 2022 utilizing a structured questionnaire.

Following a brief explanation of the background and purpose of
the supplementary interview, a verbal agreement was obtained
from the subjects, and participating in the follow-up interviews
was volitional. Demographic data (age, gender, sexual
orientation, country of birth, ethnicity), possible exposures in
the 21 days preceding the onset of symptoms (sexual behavior,
exposure events, travel history), indicators of sexual behavior
linked to a higher risk of developing sexually transmitted
infections (STIs) (number of sex partners in the last three
months, previous STI), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
prevention and care (status, HIV treatment, HIV pre-exposure
prophylaxis (PrEP)) were all included in the questionnaire.

Results and conclusions
According to the study results, persistent domestic MPXV
transmission in GBMSM sexual networks has been going on in
England since at least April 2022, with possible imports and
exports from other European nations. The study data indicated
that domestic transmission appears perpetuated by sexual contact
in the GBMSM's dense sexual networks, frequently between several
new partners who are potentially challenging to get in touch
with and track down, given the one-time connections. The
investigators mentioned that contact tracing solely might not be
efficient as the central control measure to halt transmission,
similar to prior STI outbreaks across GBMSM.

The study findings also implied that a sizable portion of MPXV
transmission across England happens in sex on-premises
establishments. The authors noted that targeted health promotion
to raise awareness and guide risk management, support for
increased cleaning of venues to limit the spread via fomites,
and innovative methods to aid contact tracing of venue visitors
were all essential for achieving outbreak control.

MPXV-diagnosed people frequently used sexual health services and
were connected to care for HIV medicine or PrEP. This connection
to existing programs and initiatives offers policymakers the
chance to put further measures in place to help individuals with
high needs, such as leveraging the Bavarian Nordic or smallpox
Modified Vaccinia Ankara vaccine, as MPXV PrEP.

Most MPXV patients did not indicate specific exposure scenarios,
highlighting the requirement for more comprehensive
interventions to target all GBMSM among these sexual networks.
The widespread use of geospatial dating apps demonstrates their
value as a tool for health campaigning.

The scientists stated that MPXV outbreak control initiatives
should focus on geospatial dating applications, sex on-premises
locations, and sexual health services.

Journal reference:
Vusirikala A, Charles H, Balasegaram S, Macdonald N, Kumar D,
Barker-Burnside C, et al. (2022). Epidemiology of early
monkeypox virus transmission in sexual networks of gay and
bisexual men, England, 2022. Emerging Infectious Diseases. doi:
https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2810.220960
https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/28/10/22-0960_article

https://www.news-medical.net/news/20220816/Early-2022-monkeypox-
virus-spread-among-sexual-networks-of-bisexual-and-gay-males-in-
England.aspx

Mustafa Sheboygan

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Aug 18, 2022, 12:44:36 AMAug 18
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On Thu, 18 Aug 2022 05:44:03 +0200 (CEST), Here I was, minding my own
business, and Lock Them UP! starts babbling shit like this:
Gender queers should be especially careful about having sex with other
bipedal species, particularly those who are also species queers.

--
Mustafa Sheboygan

Your new diaper-headed neighbor

"Allah Snatchblock!"

Lock Them UP!

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Sep 22, 2022, 6:45:03 AMSep 22
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