The Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 10, Number 1, in which
this article first appeared... To read articles from past issues,
and/or for subscription information, click here to visit their Website.
An Assessment of the Evidence for Psychic Functioning
by Jessica Utts
Division of Statistics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616
Volume 10 Number 1: Page 3.
Research on psychic functioning, conducted over a two decade period, is
examined to determine whether or not the phenomenon has been
scientifically established. A secondary question is whether or not it
is useful for government purposes. The primary work examined in this
report was government sponsored research conducted at Stanford Research
Institute, later known as SRI International, and at Science
Applications International Corporation, known as SAIC. Using the
standards applied to any other area of science, it is concluded that
psychic functioning has been well established. The statistical results
of the studies examined are far beyond what is expected by chance.
Arguments that these results could be due to methodological flaws in
the experiments are soundly refuted. Effects of similar magnitude to
those found in government-sponsored research at SRI and SAIC have been
replicated at a number of laboratories across the world. Such
consistency cannot be readily explained by claims of flaws or fraud.
The magnitude of psychic functioning exhibited appears to be in the
range between what social scientists call a small and medium effect.
That means that it is reliable enough to be replicated in properly
conducted experiments, with sufficient trials to achieve the long-run
statistical results needed for replicability. A number of other
patterns have been found, suggestive of how to conduct more productive
experiments and applied psychic functioning. For instance, it doesn't
appear that a sender is needed. Precognition, in which the answer is
known to no one until a future time, appears to work quite well. Recent
experiments suggest that if there is a psychic sense then it works much
like our other five senses, by detecting change. Given that physicists
are currently grappling with an understanding of time, it may be that a
psychic sense exists that scans the future for major change, much as
our eyes scan the environment for visual change or our ears allow us to
respond to sudden changes in sound. It is recommended that future
experiments focus on understanding how this phenomenon works, and on
how to make it as useful as possible. There is little benefit to
continuing experiments designed to offer proof, since there is little
more to be offered to anyone who does not accept the current collection
mike macken wrote:
> On 17 Nov 2006 10:08:07 -0800, "h elmer | espeance"
> it's nice to see something posted thatisn't COMPLETE NON SENSE it's
> really quite refreshing.
> It's no secret that this goverment and others have spent millions on
> research into this area.
> I think while the experiements have shown results/promise there is a
> wide spread frustration with the INABILITY to harness it for practical
i was speaking with somebody yesterday about this and they mentioned
that targ had said there wasno known way to amplify the function, yet
from what i've learned it did prove useful to gather intelligence data,
as one component among many
> my best guess is that this works something like hearing
> ie: a dog may hear far more then a human
> a pshyic may be hyper sensitive to warps in time space fabric.
> they may be grasping nano second views of future events.
> The flip side is that with most "legitimate pshyics" they can't Q up
> their ability......it appears to be a sorta INVOLUNTRAY reflex.
yeah, i like that, a survival mechanism
> It may also be possiable that such people are very very crude examples
> of a branch off of homosaphien evolution.
> I would futher venture to guess that much like gravity it take some
> type of "critical mass" to trigger a physic response........in
> otherwords most of these people would NOT be sensative to something
> that isn't truely catostraphic.
or in terms of the individual's own pain threshhold and survival
> Experiments........espically ones done but a goverment are NEVER
> desinged to offer proof rather to offer a tangle asset that would have
> a type of tangiable value.
one thing i keep remembering is that it's proven to work, but the "how"
remains a mystery
> examples of tangaible value include but are not limited too the
> prediction of specfic attacks, the ability to effect the decision
> making abilities of top generals and or world leaders.
> also keep in mind that Einstien predicted warps in space time
> like many of predictions that have been proven already we are starting
> to see evidence that this prediction is also likely to be correct and
> pshyic ability may be the crudest way of measuring something we have
> very little understanding of.
this reminds me of a topic i'd like to read more on, and try some
experiments with, psychic functioning and sidereal time, any thoughts
> On Mon, 20 Nov 2006 04:57:53 GMT, mike macken <til...@mindspring.com> wrote:
> > It may also be possiable that such people are very very crude examples
> > of a branch off of homosaphien evolution.
> If psychic abilities exist as a beneficial, inheritable trait, we would all be
> verifiably psychic by now. That's just basic evolution. Any inheritable trait
> which confirs an advantage to some members of a population will with time come
> to permeate the entire population, each individual expressing the trait to a
> variable degree.
i believe that psychic functioning is an inherent but latent trait in
today's society, and that it already exists in the populace as an
attribute such as athleticism, being developed to varying degrees of
natural aptitude, developed skill, and genetic disposition
> It's simple enough to say that all humans are psychic but "just don't know it".
> That's fine if it is one's contention that psychic abilities aren't any more
> reliable than chance. But if one contends that psychic abilities are more
> reliable than chance - which is generally the claim made of such abilities -
> then there is no way around it: We -would- all by verifiably psychic by now.
taking my example of athleticism, not everyone is athletic
> That's because for such abilities to be any "more reliable" or "less reliable",
> there would have to be degrees to which said ability can occur. If there were
> such degrees, those with abilities on the high-end of the scale would be the
> ones who successfully reproduce the most. It would be impossible for high-end,
> inheritable psychic powers to exist without it spreading throughout an entire
> population. It's just inevitible.
> So based upon the above, there are only three possibilities I can think of:
> 1. Psychic abilities don't exist.
> 2. Psychic abilities exist, but cannot be inherited - they are acquired through
> other means.
what other means? interesting probe
> 3. Psychic abilities exist and can be inherited, but provide no advantage
> whatsoever to the psychic individual.
also, interesting, for example they function is basically neutralized
becuase everybody has it
> If there are other reasonable possibilities I've missed, I'd be glad to hear
> about them.
although i posted a scientific reference, my opinion is that the
scientific paradigm in large part today is resisitant to the evidence
in this regard, due to historical factors for one, and is
overcompensating, and that these abilites exist for individuals who
wish to explore them, in an experiential manner in the least