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Jan 31, 1997, 3:00:00 AM1/31/97

to

Please read and then see if you can answer my question.

I would like to discover how to measure pyramid height in constructing.

Many people say that PI is used in the pyramids.

This is not true unless the pyramid has a slope of 52 degrees or

43 degrees. The reason is because when the base and height

are 4:1 they produce a 52 degree slope and when they are 3:1

they produce a 43 degree slope.

I posted a list using Netscape, a list

which charted the multiples of base and height

but I guess some computers cannot translate degree symbols

nor the pi symbol. They seem to be the same computers which place

an = sign as every carriage return.

Of the 25 pyramids I listed, only five slopes are of these two

possible angles of 52 or 43, the bent pyramid being both (52 then 43).

Thus the other slopes were not created the same way;

PI was not used in at least 20 of the 80 Egyptian pyramids.

PI was obtained but NOT deliberately known.

This is how. If a wheel stone were made with a cubit diameter,

it would be done by taking a cubit string and folding the string in half around

an axel pin. With the string folded in half (as a half-cubit)

the string can be swung around the pin to draw a circle with

a cubit diameter. Such a stone can be rolled 7 times and it will

measure 22 cubits. If though the string is used as a cubit-radius it makes

a 2-cubit diameter stone, then rolling it 7 times will measure 44 cubits.

Of course this only measures horizontally; you cannot roll a stone vertically.

ANY SUGGESTIONS for the height?

Drawing a circle with a cubit string (cubit radius) which results in a 2-cubit

diameter stone appears to be how the Great Pyramid was marked off.

This is evident not only by the magical 7 they found but also because

the Great Pyramid is 440 cubits in length (10x44 cubits) which would

mean a cubit-radius stone was rolled 70 times, in contrast to a cubit diameter

being rolled 140 times. (Two cubits is about a 3-foot yard, elbow to elbow.)

Having known this for about 10 years, I have long been interested in how

the height of 280 cubits was measured [?] being 40x 7 cubits.

It is the number 7 which gives this pyramid the Pi relation of base to height.

Feb 1, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/1/97

to

In article <32F1D9...@wi.net>, Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net> writes

plans and the ideal division of a tenth or a hundredth implies that you

can reproduce this cubitt to scale with a drawing instrument.

Stonehenge seems to have provided a gold "breastplate" I take as a

square (from a nearby barrow) and there were always the measurements of

the pace (megalithic yard?) and by the eye to a stave and with an A

shape wooden thing with a ball dangling between it for inclines.

(Druidic knowledge so sucks to anyone who disagrees, I know.) However,

accurate measuring/drawing instruments are another matter. Someone on

here may know of something odd being discovered and now realising it for

what it is. However, if not, I think it will be because the things

rotted. What I reckon is that measuring wheels were used both on paper

and ground and that these were not stone but, say, leather and wood or

papyrus. A ouija board spirit claiming to be a pyramid mathematician

(oh alright I know it's whacky) laughed at our ignorance and claimed the

use of a simple slide rule as well as other things. One was the sun

wheel. The 8 paths to magic is an asterisk in a circle and the symbol

is pretty universal. In sanskrit days a swastika was used and this

carried forward into other cultures. Only when lesser tribes started

scratching the symbol, however, did the feet become right angles.

Before they formed a wheel with breaks. My theory is that the spoked

wheel was used for measuring before anyone thought of putting spokes in

cart wheels etc. As you will gather the eight spokes, or four, referred

to here would supply quite accurate measurements. Indeed, a 2.2 inch

wheel representing a 22" cubitt would divide up into approx. 3" sections

when applied. Back then the spoke coming from the centre to the edge to

divide into 8 must have seemed as magical as a mobius loop seems to a

novice riding his bike in space to the underside by just keeping going.

All this stuff is pure conjecture I know but I also know there's none so

blind as those who won't see and so often the answer is before us. So,

who knows what's in those fusty old drawers at the museum? (And I don't

mean the curator's wife's knickers :-)

Regards

--

Les Ballard L...@gates.demon.co.uk

c/o BM: Gates of Annwn (The Pagan contact magazine)

London WC1N 3XX, U.K. 44+(0)1708 670431

No copyright statement is attached as the author is litigious.

Feb 1, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/1/97

to

RICHARD MICHAEL SCHILLER posted the following to alt.atheism,

>Please read and then see if you can answer my question.

>I would like to discover how to measure pyramid height in constructing.

Ahh, I checked the headers in this post as well as the cross-posted list,

and it *WAS* you who forged that post by "stix." Nice one, liar for the

lord, but you also gave yourself away by leaving your "a man masturbating

publicly but going unwatched," sig file off this email. Whassamatter? Did

poor widdle Wichy forget to put his sig file back after the forgery?

<snip remainder of garbage>

Stix

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

"Mysticism is a disease of the mind."

*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~

Feb 1, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/1/97

to

The Great Pyramid was built at 30 degrees latitude.

Only at this latitude does the star Sirius have an absence for 70 days,

from Julian May 8 to July 17 of 2170 BC.

(72 days at 31 degrees, 68 days at 29 degrees)

When king Mesannipada (Peleg) of Ur died in 2030 BC (not 2321 BC)

and king Unas (Unis) of Saqqara (Sakkara) died in 2030 BC (not 2321 BC)

it si the star Sirius who went from setting Canis in the west to become

rising Anubis in the east. (the dog standing up as man) being a symbol of

man's future resurrection. Egyptians mourned Jacob for 70 days

when he died in Egypt.(His embalming for 40 days represented Osiris

the winter moon or winter sun as a symbol of Noah passing thru the water

as good as dead in a coffin for 40 days until the starry sky returned).

Being 440 cubits in length the Great Pyramid base was easily

measured by rolling a cubit radius stone (2-cubit diameter

being about a yard) 70 times. Rolling it 7 times measures 44 cubits,

and rolling it 70 times measures 440 cubits.

This is what produces the Pi factor in the pyramids whose slopes

are 52 degrees or 43 degrees. Pi = 22 / 7 and thus cubit lengths divisible

by 22 or 44 etc are measured by 7 rolls of a stone.

************

A voice crying out and going unheard,

(40 years Oct 7) Nehemiah's (9:1) 50th JUBILEE of Tishri 24

God's 1000 years has begun Sep 14 of 1996.

The 144,000 will rule before this first year ENDS.

http://www.execpc.com/~elijah/Ezra1991CE.gif

Discover the world's true chronology thru the Bible at

http://www.execpc.com/~elijah

Feb 1, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/1/97

to

In message <5KA9TCAJ...@gates.demon.co.uk> - gates

<ga...@gates.demon.co.uk> writes:

:>

:>In article <32F1D9...@wi.net>, Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net> writes

:>>Please read and then see if you can answer my question.

:>>I would like to discover how to measure pyramid height in constructing.

:>>Many people say that PI is used in the pyramids.

:>>This is not true unless the pyramid has a slope of 52 degrees or

:>>43 degrees. The reason is because when the base and height

My understanding is that the Egyptians had a few catastrophic failures in

earlier pyramid building attempts due to slopes which were too acute! The

evidence is right near the great pyramids. They even had to reduce the incline

of one pyramid that was about 1/3 done (from that point on), after another

nearby fell into a rubble heap!

Then they got smart and started to learn about stability in nature. They

observed that whenever they poured a large quantity of sand the resulting pile

of sand always had the exact same measurable slope (incline). They reasoned

that this is natures most stable slope. They then built pyramids with the

exact same slope, and amazingly they were stable also. No need to have any

knowledge of PI!

-----------------------------------------

Man's mind is his basic tool of survival!

lsa...@en.com <Lawrence Sayre>

-----------------------------------------

Feb 1, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/1/97

to Lawrence Sayre

Lawrence Sayre wrote:

> My understanding is that the Egyptians had a few catastrophic failures in

> earlier pyramid building attempts due to slopes which were too acute! The

> evidence is right near the great pyramids. They even had to reduce the incline

> of one pyramid that was about 1/3 done (from that point on), after another

> nearby fell into a rubble heap!

> Then they got smart and started to learn about stability in nature. They

> observed that whenever they poured a large quantity of sand the resulting pile

> of sand always had the exact same measurable slope (incline). They reasoned

> that this is natures most stable slope. They then built pyramids with the

> exact same slope, and amazingly they were stable also. No need to have any

> knowledge of PI!

Happy to get a reply from a sincere behaved scholar...you.

http://www.execpc.com/~elijah/Pyrmid/PyrmdPi.GIF

This is a textbook scan of the use of Pi occuring from rolling a stone.

A cubit diameter must be rolled 7 times to make 22 cubits.

The number 7 was of heaven because of the visible moving objects,

the sun, moon, and 5 planets. It was like magic to discover the number

of times to circle an object to arrive at a whole number of any unit measure.

However a cubit radius rolled 7 times is 44 cubits. Because rolling this the

religious number of 70 times gives us the Great Pyramid base of 440 cubits,

it is definate fact that is what they did.

As regards incline causing collapse. I never thought of the sand and am

happy to have learned this from you (no matter whoever you are).

But my post revealed 25 pyramids that do NOT have the same slope

as sand would have. Here is what they did to resolve the collapsing tower.

http://www.execpc.com/~elijah/Pyrmid/NDashurPyrmd2.GIF

Previous pyramids were laid horizontally so that weight caused pressure

to slide them outward. They learned that a slanted footing is perpendicular to

the pressure; and that this need be done ONLY to the internal mass to

prevent collapse of the Tower which God kept making collapse.

Feb 2, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/2/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

>

> The Great Pyramid was built at 30 degrees latitude.

> Only at this latitude does the star Sirius have an absence for 70 days,

> from Julian May 8 to July 17 of 2170 BC.

>

> (72 days at 31 degrees, 68 days at 29 degrees)

>

> When king Mesannipada (Peleg) of Ur died in 2030 BC (not 2321 BC)

> and king Unas (Unis) of Saqqara (Sakkara) died in 2030 BC (not 2321 BC)

Since your such an expert on ancient dates perhaps you could answer

I question I have had for some time, what were Charles Russels sources

for obtaining 607 BC as the date for the destruction of the temple?

Mark Waluk

Feb 2, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/2/97

to

Morgoth <mor...@nome.net>

>I do find it interesting that one of the names of Odin/Thor was

>Tiwaz. Crucifixtion was a form of sacrifice, that some say was

>invented by the Phonecians, but it might be a common form of

>sacrifice. Much like Odin/Woden sacrificing himself on the world

>tree (crucified), or was it originally hung (a form of

>punishment, but also a sacrifice to Odin) (Where we get how

>common people are hung, but royals are decapitated).

Ah, I see.

The confusion is from Tau (leter-T) meaning crossing.

Kramer's (and others) study of Sumerian and Akkadian

show that it evolved from an asterik which meant

heaven or star. Thus the crossing of Jupiter or Mars

could be debated as I have discovered last year

between Jupiter-Marduk and the original Mars-Marduk.

It comes from people thinking they are listening to the

same words or seeing the same thing. Like the woman

who admires the late nite church choir in the horizon,

and the husband hearing the crickets says

To think they do that with their legs.

Marduk was east-west when it was started

observation for 52 years. But upon rising in 2009 BC

to determine the average as a 780-day cycle, Jupiter

was rising east-west as Marduk's temple had been built

52 years earlier.

Thor is Zeus, both having the description of weather.

Both are given the epoch (Noah's Flood) as their birth.

The creation of the current world created them, or reversed

they created the new world. Jupiter marked this year,

despite the fact that the planet is not our weather, nor

air, of which its clouds can over power our seeing Jupiter.

Of course, this does not mean that the planet has actually

proved inferior to our atmosphere. But certainly the air

(Thor = Zeus) effects us more than Jupiter does.

Yes Jupiter has a crossing; my site shows this.

As of 2009 BC every 12 yrs but 83 yrs the planet

crosses Taurus in the west in spring before its

solar conjunction. So I have chosen the two terms

Jova for Jupiter (jehova) and Tau for crossing so that

Jova-Tau and Mars-Tau are the two Tamuz (crossings)

which are followed by heliacal-rise (Marduk),

birth of the SON, of Utu, the sun, or God.

So I have caught your implication that Tiwaz is Tamuz,

though you didnt actually come out and say so.

But gee, look how stupid all these scholars keep posting

that I am.

************

A voice crying out and going unheard,

(40 years Oct 7) Nehemiah's (9:1) 50th JUBILEE of Tishri 24

God's 1000 years has begun Sep 14 of 1996.

The 144,000 will rule before this first year ENDS.

Asteroid impact following March 23 Passover Palm Sunday

http://www.execpc.com/~elijah/Ezra1991CE.gif

http://www.execpc.com/~elijah/me.gif

Feb 2, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/2/97

to Mark Waluk

Mark Waluk wrote:

> Since your such an expert on ancient dates perhaps you could answer

> I question I have had for some time, what were Charles Russels sources

> for obtaining 607 BC as the date for the destruction of the temple?

> Mark Waluk

The fact that there are two scriptures. One which says the

captivity would be 70 years in Babylon. And one that says the land would stay

vacant and desolate for 70 years to fulfill Sabbath of the farmland.

They did not crop rotate and so the 7-year rest was to prevent mineral

depleting which causes famine. It came from Joseph's day where Egypt

was already depleting the farmland and Joseph pushed it for 7 years more

causing a 7-year famine (1730-1723 BC).

The start of 1730 BC famine was the end of 213-year 12th dynasty Egypt

(1943-1730 BC based on Phaophi 16 Jan 6 of 1824 BC record

confused as Pharmuthi 16 July 10 Quban Sothis of 1824 BC;

date was formerly calculated as July 20 of 1884 BC, and last calculated

by Oriental Institute Parker as July 17 of 1872 BC...he confirmed lunar dates).

Russell actually said 606 BC to 536 BC, based on the then popular figure

536 BC, and Russel's common practice of sticking with our January years.

While regarding January as the 4th Jewish month of the previous

YEAR-number A.D. , he sometimes broke this consistency by looking

to the next autumn as the year he was calculating. Though skeptics claim

606 BC was changed to 607 BC to fit a correct 2520 yrs to 1914, the fact is

that the 536 BC was proven to have referred to specifically the 7th month

autumn of 537 BC (4 months before Russell's jan 536 BC he kept using).

So the alignment of Autumn 607 BC was automatic and did not require

changing Russell, merely being more precise as to the New Year as

October not January.

Russell wrongly uses 450 years of judges, thus 580 to the temple,

and his kings are 393 yrs instead of the correct 390.

Thus his 1615 BC Exodus to 1035 BC temple to 999 BC division

is incorrect from the 1513 BC Exodus to 1034 BC temple to 997 BC division

of the 40-year current Watchtower which I can now verify by astronomy

and all world calendars. HOW?

Keep knocking and God will give. Even to the sinners God whom God

gives rain and sun to, he gives true answers even to atheists if they keep

knocking on the door for truth and not fabrication. Seek truth and you are

my brother even if you are atheist.

Your seeking truth is what changes and corrects you.

Feb 3, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/3/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net> wrote:

>Please read and then see if you can answer my question.

Fuck off.

You are not worthy of a reasonable response.

Forger and asswipe RICHARD SCHILLER.

Lying for your lord again, DICK?

Geo

"No I don't understand." - Jahnu (aka smurf-breath)

Feb 3, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/3/97

to

>John the Foreskin wrote:

>But gee, look how stupid all these scholars keep posting

>that I am.

Maybe there onto something there Mr. mumbo jumbo!

>************

>A psychotic crying out and going unmedicated,

>(40 years of Thorazine overdosing)

>1000 years of hallucnations have begun Sep 14 of 1996.

>144,000 outpatients will pity him before this year ENDS.

>complete mental meltdown following March 23 Passover Palm Sunday

>Discover the comedic ramblings of a borderline personality at:

> http://www.messiah_complex.com

Feb 3, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/3/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah (eli...@wi.net) wrote:

[...]

: a cubit diameter. Such a stone can be rolled 7 times and it will

: measure 22 cubits. If though the string is used as a cubit-radius it makes

: a 2-cubit diameter stone, then rolling it 7 times will measure 44 cubits.

: Of course this only measures horizontally; you cannot roll a stone vertically.

That sounds approximately right. However, it is only an approximation, since pi

is not a rational number (meaning: it can not be obtained by multiplying,

adding, subtracting, dividing, or squaring any full numbers). Therefore

22/7 ~ pi, but not exactly pi.

Ralf

Feb 4, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/4/97

to

Morgoth

>Sorry, please explain? I am not clear on your meaning, sorry.

>Just got home from work, and I am a bit mentally drained..

I was wondering if you were implying that Tiwas came from Tamuz.

If so, I see the connection thru Thor.

Thos is weather with thunderbolts as is Zeus,

and these have been equated as Jupiter.

Jupiter comes from Zeus-pitar.

And Hislop makes it clear that it can be translated

either way as Father Zeus or father of Zeus.

And unfortunately since Zeus also comes from God (Theos)

it could also be Father God or father of God.

The point is that in studying mythology I found

the religions of the world marking the creation of

this world by Noah's Flood with the planet Jupiter.

Genesis clearly indicates the concept that our

current weather was born or created after a sphere

of water had collapsed. The Jupiter rise I accept is

January 6 of 2369 BC in Capricorn aside venus who

is another god claimed to stop the Flood.

So with Thor and Tiwas

compared to

Jupiter and Tamuz

there is a link.

The link is that Jupiter who many claim is Marduk

was observed for an 12-year, 83-year, and 996-yr crossing

(a Tau or Tamuz) between the two stars (horns) of

Taurus in 2009 BC the same year that the rise of Mars

rose on the summer solstice as the real Marduk.

A rise of Mars (or Jupiter) always occurs after a

Tamuz or crossing of the sun.

Feb 5, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/5/97

to

On Tue, 04 Feb 1997 07:56:25 +0000

REICHARD SCHILLER aka Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net>

amateur net-forger and professional psycho

as message <32F6EB...@wi.net>

-- posted from: alt.atheism:

[incredible horseshit snipped]

Smack it up your ass where it came from you lying sack of shit!

>|************

>|A voice crying out and sounding like a fart,

>|(40 years Oct 7) whacked out of his mind

[blah, blah, blah]

Erikc -- fire...@insync.net

********************************************************

* Fundamentalism -- a disease whose symptoms include *

* diarrhea of the mouth and constipation of the brain. *

********************************************************

Luke 19:22 sez: "He said to him, 'I will condemn you out

of your own mouth, you wicked servant!'"

********************************************************

http://www.christiangallery.com/ (home page)

http://www.christiangallery.com/sick1.html#bugger *sick*

/* These people are actually call themselves CHRISTIANS */

Feb 5, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/5/97

to R. Gaenssmantel

But the Bible says that pi is 3. Read it in the description of one of

the vessels in Solomon's temple.

Sorry, I can't give the referrence, I'm not a thumper who quotes ch. and

v. It would be in I Kings.

Martin Fox

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to Martin Fox

> R. Gaenssmantel wrote:

> > That sounds approximately right. However, it is only an approximation, since pi

> > is not a rational number (meaning: it can not be obtained by multiplying,

> > adding, subtracting, dividing, or squaring any full numbers). Therefore

> > 22/7 ~ pi, but not exactly pi.

> > Ralf

This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

far the decimal has been carried.

3.14

3.1428

3.1428571

3.1428571428

Otherwise you tell me what formula or math do they get their

3.1428571428 from.

Pi was discovered by wraping a cord around a column or tree until

the cord was the same equal units as the diameter. It proved to be that

7 times around was 22 times the diameter. You cant change that, nor could

you ever show me how pi is calculated if not by dividing 22 by 7.

The shame about people who reply by posted word,

is that they throw into confusion all the readers who then do not

know what to believe and thus do not care. This is why death rates rise.

There is a time to keep your mouth shut lest you be like Saul of Tarsus

whose bloody hands was washed cleaned by a never-ending life of

preaching to save lives. He still had to change his name to Paul to start over;

who in the world would ever again listen to Saul?

(both sides would have hated him, and he DID face that)

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net> wrote:

>This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

>or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

>And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

>Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

>far the decimal has been carried.

>3.14

>3.1428

>3.1428571

>3.1428571428

You're in the dark ages of mathematics. PI is about 3.14159. PI is

irrational and cannot be expressed as a fraction involving whole

numbers. 22/7 is just a short cut for approximating PI. One way to

calculate PI is to use calculus to express PI as a limit of rational

numbers as the limit approaches the actual irrational value:

3.14

3.142

3.1416

3.14159

3.141593

3.1415926

etc.

22/7 becomes inaccurate at the third decimal point.

Another thing: 22/7 is a REPEATING FRACTION. After a few decimal

points it just repeats the same sequence of numbers, and someone would

have to be an idiot to try and calculate it to millions of decimal

points. 22/7 is rational since it can be expressed as a fraction,

even though it repeats.

People used to think that PI was exactly 3 if you can believe that.

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net> wrote:

>> R. Gaenssmantel wrote:

>> > That sounds approximately right. However, it is only an approximation, since pi

>> > is not a rational number (meaning: it can not be obtained by multiplying,

>> > adding, subtracting, dividing, or squaring any full numbers). Therefore

>> > 22/7 ~ pi, but not exactly pi.

>> > Ralf

>

>This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

>or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

>And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

>Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

>far the decimal has been carried.

>

>or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

>And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

>Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

>far the decimal has been carried.

>

>Otherwise you tell me what formula or math do they get their

>3.1428571428 from.

>3.1428571428 from.

First of all, apologies for the cross-posting, I don't know where this

joker (eliyah) is sending this crap from, and he ought to read this

answer (though I suspect I am wasting my time)

The fraction 22/7 is an approximation to pi

The first few digits in the decimal expansion of pi are (from memory):-

3.141592653589793238462643383279... NOT 3.142857142857...

pi is not only irrational (cannot be expressed as a ratio of two integers)

it is also transcendental (it cannot be expressed as the solution of a

finite polynomial. There are formulae for calculating pi, generally in

the form of infinite series which converge more or less rapidly.

Is that clear? 22/7 is not exactly equal to pi.

John Charnock

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

On Fri, 7 Feb 1997, Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

> This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

> or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

> And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

> Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

> far the decimal has been carried.

>

> 3.14

> 3.1428

> 3.1428571

> 3.1428571428

OK, fool, now go to a mathematics BOOK and look up the value of pi,

and then apologize for your incompetence. Pi cannot be expressed exactly

as a fraction, especially not as 22/7, which repeats after a few decimal

places. Pi is also not the solution to any finite polynomial. It can be

approximaed through cal...um, big, hard math.

> Otherwise you tell me what formula or math do they get their

> 3.1428571428 from.

Who? The gnomes inside your head?

> The shame about people who reply by posted word,

> is that they throw into confusion all the readers who then do not

> know what to believe and thus do not care. This is why death rates rise.

I conceed you the point about confusion, as you are an unwitting example

of just such a phenomenon. I would like, though, for you to tell me

exactly how deat...oh, never mind.

> There is a time to keep your mouth shut lest you be like Saul of Tarsus

> whose bloody hands was washed cleaned by a never-ending life of

> preaching to save lives. He still had to change his name to Paul to start

> over; who in the world would ever again listen to Saul?

> (both sides would have hated him, and he DID face that)

Look, you walking repository of god-spunk, nobody gives a good goddamn

about your mythical icons and their laundried lilly-white skin. Is this

why you keep changing your name all the time? Because you think no one

will believe you? Like Saul of Tarsus? Got some blood on your hands,

Elie?

sieve

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to Timothy Schmits

Timothy Schmits wrote:

> You're in the dark ages of mathematics. PI is about 3.14159. PI is

> irrational and cannot be expressed as a fraction involving whole

> numbers. 22/7 is just a short cut for approximating PI. One way to

> calculate PI is to use calculus to express PI as a limit of rational

> numbers as the limit approaches the actual irrational value:

> 3.14

> 3.142

> 3.1416

> 3.14159

> 3.141593

> 3.1415926

> 22/7 becomes inaccurate at the third decimal point.

God, that is bad. You've now made me paranoid about using 22/7.

My dad says he lost a job in his teens because he didnt know Pi,

which I presume he meant x22 / 7 . ( I impressed him !

First listening ear I ever got. )

Like all American schools teaching that scholars who spoke against Columbus

claimed the world was flat as if they were stupid and Columbus smart !

1992 books revealed that a scholastic lie;

common records which show common knowledge that

scholars knew the world was 24,000 miles around (presuming a huge

15,000 mile ocean to Japango) while Columbus insisted Earth was 8000

miles smaller and only 7000 miles to Asia. They fought Columbus with facts

and the Queen let Columbus go for religious reasons and greed for jewels

and gold power.

> Another thing: 22/7 is a REPEATING FRACTION. After a few decimal

> points it just repeats the same sequence of numbers, and someone would

> have to be an idiot to try and calculate it to millions of decimal

> points.

I knew this since high school. But look what people do for novelty and

Guinness records...who ever said that the decimals were being carried

out by rational men. Take Mount Everest as an example of how many

scholars or those rich-minded in business are rational in mind. And as

long as a person doesnt understand me, they wont regard me as rational either.

>22/7 is rational since it can be expressed as a fraction,

> even though it repeats.

> People used to think that PI was exactly 3 if you can believe that.

I see dumb things people believe, but those that believe it did nothing

to check it out with proof.

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to Timothy Schmits

> Adam Felson says

> 22/7 is only an approximation. PI can not be expressed via any

> rational fraction; it is an irrational number.

> 3.1415926536

This doesnt look anywhere near 22/7 to me.

So then you are saying that the only way to carry Pi out

to further 1000s of decimal places

is not merely by continuing the method

used for dividing (as can be done with any fraction)

but rather by taking finer measurements of units...

like millimeters versus inches,

and like microns versus millimeters.

If that's what you mean, I can understand that.

So how would you alter 22/7 into a more accurate Pi...

give me an example like 22.13 / 7 or 22 / 7.11 ???

I excuse my misunderstanding with these words....

we live in a world where you guys never seek

to educate anyone because you are too exalted in the fact of

what you know and dont care if others do.

Martin Fox has just replied with name calling,

at least you followed up with a 10-decimal figure different than 22/7.

But you have now produced a problem of how I or others could

calculate Pi by ourselves...with our own calculators.

To me the biggest brains know nothing if they cant teach,

because then.....who can ever teach them !

The higher you go by yourself...

the more certainty you'll die when you finally fall...

and we ALL fall.

Perfection is not the state of impossibility to fall,

it is the state of impossibility to HEAL from the fall.

Common knowledge...big falls heal slow...or not at all...

or even kill you. So it is with today's TOP educators.

I say this stuff to better you and to better me.

And so goes unresolved the Pi issue of determining Pi.

It is also a sidetrack from the issue that 80 pyramids

do not measure Pi as five are claimed to.

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

In article <32FAF3...@wi.net>, Malachi-Eliyah <eli...@wi.net> writes

>This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

>or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

>And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

>Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

>far the decimal has been carried.

>

>3.14

>3.1428

>3.1428571

>3.1428571428

Actually, as has been pointed out, pi is an irrational whose value

starts 3.14159265...

Mathematicians use a variety of sequence calculations to generate its

value to as many decimal places as are required, speed of convergence

being the prime criterion of choice of the sequence.

As you demonstrate above, the approximation 22/7 is rather poor and only

accurate to three significant figures, or 0.04%.

--

Alan M. Dunsmuir

Were diu werlt alle min von deme mere unze an den Rijn

des wolt ih mih darben,

daz diu chunigen von Engellant lege an minen armen!

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

> > R. Gaenssmantel wrote:

> > > That sounds approximately right. However, it is only an approximation, since pi

> > > is not a rational number (meaning: it can not be obtained by multiplying,

> > > adding, subtracting, dividing, or squaring any full numbers). Therefore

> > > 22/7 ~ pi, but not exactly pi.

> > > Ralf

> This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

> or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

> And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

> Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

> far the decimal has been carried.

> 3.14

> 3.1428

> 3.1428571

> 3.1428571428

> or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

> And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

> Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

> far the decimal has been carried.

> 3.14

> 3.1428

> 3.1428571

> 3.1428571428

> Otherwise you tell me what formula or math do they get their

> 3.1428571428 from.

> 3.1428571428 from.

Wrong, pi to a few places is:

3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937511 ....

22/7 is only a "rough" approximation of pi.

For proof, just enter 22/7 into the Windows scientific calculator,

set for "radians" and take the "sin" function. The answer should

give zero when the true value for pi is used. Of course it doesn't

and gives -0.001264488.... which is wrong. Then try the number

given above and you'll get about 10 billion times closer to zero

for the same calculation. Since you can never get exactly to the

value of pi, the "sin" calculation will never go fully to zero

(but close enough for this example).

Best wishes.

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

> Timothy Schmits wrote:

> > 22/7 becomes inaccurate at the third decimal point.

> God, that is bad. You've now made me paranoid about using 22/7.

> My dad says he lost a job in his teens because he didnt know Pi,

> which I presume he meant x22 / 7 . ( I impressed him !

> First listening ear I ever got. )

Well, 22/7 is reasonably accurate for those back 2-4000 years ago.

It's 0.04% high from the true value and the error is more than lost

in the measurements (1 part in 2484) for small projects.

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

On Fri, 7 Feb 1997, Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

> > R. Gaenssmantel wrote:

> > > That sounds approximately right. However, it is only an approximation, since pi

> > > is not a rational number (meaning: it can not be obtained by multiplying,

> > > adding, subtracting, dividing, or squaring any full numbers). Therefore

> > > 22/7 ~ pi, but not exactly pi.

> > > Ralf

>

> This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

> or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

> And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

Wrong!

> Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

> far the decimal has been carried.

Wrong!

pi~ 3.1415927

22/7=3.1428571

Discrepencies by the 4 sig fig, fool.

> Pi was discovered by wraping a cord around a column or tree until

> the cord was the same equal units as the diameter. It proved to be that

> 7 times around was 22 times the diameter. You cant change that, nor could

> you ever show me how pi is calculated if not by dividing 22 by 7.

Wrong.

Mathematics has advanced some since the days of the ancient egyptians.

> The shame about people who reply by posted word,

> is that they throw into confusion all the readers who then do not

> know what to believe and thus do not care. This is why death rates rise.

Confusion over halfwits like yourself posting inaccurate accounts of pi?

stufnten, Toby

***

reason is, and ought to be, the servant of the passions -Hume

http://members.tripod.com/~Tesseract

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

On Fri, 7 Feb 1997, Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

> > 3.1415926536

>

> This doesnt look anywhere near 22/7 to me.

Of course it doesn't!

Eejit.

> So then you are saying that the only way to carry Pi out

> to further 1000s of decimal places

> is not merely by continuing the method

> used for dividing (as can be done with any fraction)

> but rather by taking finer measurements of units...

> like millimeters versus inches,

> and like microns versus millimeters.

> If that's what you mean, I can understand that.

> So how would you alter 22/7 into a more accurate Pi...

> give me an example like 22.13 / 7 or 22 / 7.11 ???

PI IS NOT A RATIONAL FRACTION!!!!

Pi has not been known as 22/7 for centuries!

<bleating snipped>

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

In Article<Pine.SOL.3.91.970207...@godzilla3.acpub.duke.edu>,

<sd...@acpub.duke.edu> write:

> Path:

news1.epix.net!news3.epix.net!cdc2.cdc.net!ais.net!arclight.uoregon.edu!hammer.

uoregon.edu!news.mathworks.com!newsgate.duke.edu!godzilla3.acpub.duke.edu!sdk2

> From: Sieve <sd...@acpub.duke.edu>

> Newsgroups:

alt.mythology,sci.archaeology,alt.archaeology,alt.religion.christian,alt.atheis

m,alt.bible,soc.history

> Subject: Re: (pyramid) Pi is always 22/7 and always has been always will be

> Date: Fri, 7 Feb 1997 12:20:32 -0500

> Organization: Duke University, Durham, NC, USA

> Lines: 46

> Message-ID:

<Pine.SOL.3.91.970207...@godzilla3.acpub.duke.edu>

> References: <32F1D9...@wi.net> <5d5lkk$d...@lyra.csx.cam.ac.uk>

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> Xref: news1.epix.net alt.mythology:37373 sci.archaeology:61065

alt.archaeology:11599 alt.religion.christian:225053 alt.atheism:425087

alt.bible:10338 soc.history:82763

>

>

> On Fri, 7 Feb 1997, Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

>

> > This is false because to carry out pi to 5 decimals or 100 decimals

> > or a million decimals you must have a formula to calculate.

> > And that formula is and always has been 22/7 or 3 1/7.

> > Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

> > far the decimal has been carried.

> >

> > 3.14

> > 3.1428

> > 3.1428571

> > 3.1428571428

>

> OK, fool, now go to a mathematics BOOK and look up the value of pi,

> and then apologize for your incompetence. Pi cannot be expressed exactly

> as a fraction, especially not as 22/7, which repeats after a few decimal

> places. Pi is also not the solution to any finite polynomial. It can be

> approximaed through cal...um, big, hard math.

>

> > Otherwise you tell me what formula or math do they get their

> > 3.1428571428 from.

>

> Who? The gnomes inside your head?

>

> > The shame about people who reply by posted word,

> > is that they throw into confusion all the readers

> >

>

> sieve

The decimal figure he's giving for pi is even wrong. It's 3.14159... if memory

serves, not 3.1428571.. which he probably got from 22/7 (as a result of

wrongly assuming that was the actual method to calculate pi) on the Windows

calculator which computes to 3.142857142857; whoopsy, he rounded the decimal

off wrong, this master of numbers and mathematics, not too mention the totally

incorrect way

he went about arriving at the wrong value. A basic error of telling magnitude.

Yours,

DJ <hsa...@epix.net>

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

>The first few digits in the decimal expansion of pi are (from memory):-

>3.141592653589793238462643383279...

Sounds like somebody has entirely too much time on their hands. :-)

>pi is not only irrational (cannot be expressed as a ratio of two integers)

>it is also transcendental (it cannot be expressed as the solution of a

>finite polynomial.

Perhaps you can help me remember what x is in the following formula:

It is known that pi is transcendental, as well as the base of the natural

logarithms (e). There's a number x, 100 < x < 200, where the square root

of x is irrational. (I seem to remember x = 163). Anyway, you've got two

transcendentals and one irrational, but the expression (e) to the power of

( (pi) times (square root of x) ) not only appears to be rational - it seems to be

an integer.

>There are formulae for calculating pi, generally in

>the form of infinite series which converge more or less rapidly.

>Is that clear? 22/7 is not exactly equal to pi.

The person to whom you're responding, Richard Schiller, is a noted net.loon

on the verge of a complete schizophrenic breakdown. He has predicted the

end of the world on March 22 or 23, caused by the impact of Hale-Bopp with

the earth. I'm sure your correct explanation went right over his head (assuming

he was paying any attention) and he will now issue a curse on your house, with

something to do with Nehemiah. It's really quite amusing.

Wayne Delia, red...@ibm.net

"I am evil Ho-mer! I am evil Ho-mer!" - Evil Homer Simpson,

dancing on the grave of Good Homer Simpson

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

<URL:mailto:eli...@wi.net> wrote:

> Every figure ever shown for pi has always been 22/7 no matter how

> far the decimal has been carried.

>

> 3.14

fair approximation

> 3.1428

wrong

> 3.1428571

stupidly wrong

> 3.1428571428

XXXXX

>

3.1415926535 etc

pi is *not* calculated from 22/7.

pi *cannot* be worked out from *any* fraction.

The statements by the previous writer are so far from reality that it

is not worth replying to - except that some poor misguided person

might believe him. Don't believe me - look in any mathematical text

book. You can derive pi - from a formula not a fraction but seeing

as I am paid to teach mathematics professionally I'll refrain from

commenting further - unless you are willing to pay the appropriate

fee. ;-)

--

_/_/_/ _/ John Cartmell

_/ __/_/ _/_/ _/_/ using Acorn Risc PCs - and StrongARMed

_/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ _/ UK designed and made - British software

_/_/ _/__/ _/ _/ _/ _/ supporting our own; even if it is the best ;-)

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to J.M.Ch...@dl.ac.uk, bgr...@acca.nmsu.edu, bog...@uwlax.edu

From a mass of email....

BTW...the topic is pyramid construction for these newsgroups

>I think this lies under the branch of integral calculus. Before

>integration, men would use smaller and smaller units to find a better

>measurement for an area or a measurement. For example, the area of a circle

>can be approximated by taking the area of smaller and smaller triangles

>inside the circle that fill up the circle. The larger number of small

>triangles used, the more accurate the approximation would be. Finally,

>after this exhaustion method, the area seemed to be equal to PI x r squared.

>Integration allows us to use an INFINITE number of subdivsions to find the

>exact value without having to use the exhaustion method of just using

>smaller and smaller subdivisions.

>I haven't really given you a specific solution for solving for PI, but I

>have explained the concept of integration. Formulas such as Area = Pi x r

>squared and Volume = 4/3 x PI x r cubed required integral calculus to

>discover. Although they were thought to be the right formulas before

>calculus just from the exhaustion method. I'll try to look into a more

>specific solution for PI. If you have any problems understanding this,

>write back. -- Timothy Schmits

>Archimedes, in 240 BC (over 2200 years ago) *proved* (mathematical idea)

>that pi is *smaller than* 22/7.

>Claudius Ptolemy of Alexandria 150 AD used 377/120 (it's wrong,

>but far closer than 22/7

>The Chinese Tsu Ch'ung-chih 480 AD used 355/113 (it's wrong,

>but far closer than 22/7

3.141592653589793238462643383279501971

3.141592653589793238462643383279

Hey Charnock, the guy above has you beat by six digits.

KIND AND CONSIDERATE QUOTES.....

>WHAT IS YOUR FUCKING PROBLEM? 22/7 is an APPROXIMATION. Look it up

>APPROXIMATION.

>It is a LIE to say that pi "IS ALWAYS" 22/7.

>You (RICHARD) do NOT always tell the truth. (WE KNEW THAT, DID YOU?)

>And this LIE is also *irrelevent* to most of the groups you have posted to.

>Do you have ANY idea how STUPID your subject line is?

Why do people like you make an ass of yourself first

(see above paragraph) before you supply anything good like below.

(see further paragraph).

>pi IS the relationship between the circumference and the diameter of a

>circle, it is NOT a formula, it does NOT depend on a formula, and *any*

>formula for pi (so far) is wrong, but some are more wrong than others.

>Yours is ENTIRELY wrong, and everyone ELSE knows that.

You are the WRONG person to teach anyone, to hold any authoritative position,

school, politics, because you preseume EVERYBODY.

You are STILL an ass because MOST do NOT know that,

and it proves that you think most are NOBODYs because you only

recognize those who do know as being EVERYBODY. I am NOT the only one.

>It is better to keep your mouth shut and be thought a fool

>than to open it and remove all doubt.

ABSOLUTELY WRONG

My opening my mouth has just gotten all of you to supply

additional info that many of you make no effort to do

unless your ego is threatened as I did. I dont mind asking a stupid

question wjen it brings out good answers for all to see.

So you havent hit my pride like you thought.

Instead you have raised my happiness at what I am in personality.

John Charnock wrote:

> The fraction 22/7 is an approximation to pi

> The first few digits in the decimal expansion of pi are (from memory):-

> 3.141592653589793238462643383279... NOT 3.142857142857...

> pi is not only irrational (cannot be expressed as a ratio of two integers)

> it is also transcendental (it cannot be expressed as the solution of a

> finite polynomial. There are formulae for calculating pi, generally in

> the form of infinite series which converge more or less rapidly.

> Is that clear? 22/7 is not exactly equal to pi.

>there are several different formulas by Vieta, Brouncker, Wallis,

>and Leinbniz. The formulas are derived from the fact that in radians the

>inverse tangent (tan^-1) of 1 equals pi/4

>Archinedies (287-212 BCE) approximation for pi was 3 1/7 > pi > 3 10/71.

>Some of the resoultions of tan^-1 (1) = pi/4 are are really hard to show.

>For example Vieta's formula involves square roots and Brouncker's involves

>an every expanding fraction.

>Wallis and Leinbniz however are easy to show:

>Wallis: pi/4 = 2/3 * 4/3 * 4/5 * 6/5 * 6/7 * 8/7 * ...

>Leibniz: pi/4 = 1 - 1/3 + 1/5 - 1/7 + 1/9 - 1/11 + 1/13 - ....

>> According to my calulator pi ~= 3.141592654

>3.1416 is the correct one to this many signifigant figures.

>Please note that this makes all of the longer values of pi incorrect.

>pi ~= 3.141592654.

>Pi is accually calculated today through the resolution of tan^-1 (1) = pi/4.

>The accual formula is tan^-1 (x) = summation from n = 0 to n = infinity

>of [(-1)^n * (x)^(2n+1)]/(2n+1)

>For x = 1 you get Leibniz's exquation and the equation simplifies to

>summation from n = 0 to n = infinity of [(-1)^n]/(2n + 1)

>Even Archinedies knew over 2,000 years ago that pi *not* 22/7 nor was it

>223/71 but that it was *between* these two values.

>Please note that if the Egyptians had used measuring wheels of one cubit

>in diameter to lay out the base of the pyramid, pi would have been

>incorperated into the structure even if they had been totally ignorent of

>its value.

That was my original statement. But I had the figures to show that

a one cubit diameter rolled 7 times is 22 cubits; rolled 140 times

is the Great Pyramid base of 440 cubits. Because a cubit diameter is so small

it is more probable a cubit radius was used and rolled 70 times.

Especially because the star Sirius disappears for 70 days at that latitude only,

and came to be known as 70-day Anubis when it rose.

Thus this issue was not of Pi but of pyramids since only 5 of 80

have proportion ratios to Pi. Great Pyramid is 440 cubits squared

and 280 cubits high. Thus the 20x 22 and the 40x 7....factors 22 and 7.

No way can a person roll a wheel up...so how did the Pi get into

the pyramid if only the base length can be rolled. Nobody answered

because they were so busy preferring I look like a fool if they

bring up contraversy with 22/7. So your showing my ignorance to

a more accurate Pi also shows all you repliers to be equally ignorant

about both Egyptians and pyramids. THE PYRAMID? It is a general term.

The Pyramid ...are not all Pi. Therefore my knowledge of my topic...

math in pyramids (plural) is far greater than you people showing me

to Pi to make me a fool. You have only advanced my knowledge in

correcting how well I myself know Pi. You have corrected nothing

about the fact that I showed how the Egyptians DID use 22/7

when founding Giza in 2170 BC.

Now I have a question? Since the diagonal of a square is

the side times square root of 2. Does this then mean that

what ever mathematically happens to an angle of a triangle

will also happen to the side opposite of it. What I mean to say

is that the Great Pyramid has a side whose half is 220 cubits

from outside base to center so that the base diagonal to center is

220x square-root of 2. Now the base-upward slope is 51 degrees 52 minutes [?]

so that its complement (the peak-downward slope) is 38 degrees 8 minutes.

Since the diagonal increases by square-root 2,

then wouldnt the complement angle also increase by square-root 2.

Of which you could then take its complement and that would be the slope

of the corner diaginals which point NW and NE. I am looking for the

NW and NE altitude, and the celestial latitude of the pyramid diagonals

which point to the north eternal stars. Basically because some

pyramids have a 70 and 60 degree slope, too high for the Big Dipper.

And so I pondered the diagonals I wish to calculate.

************

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to Malachi-Eliyah

Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

>

A lot of blabber about pi that any mathematical professional, such as I

am, can tell is a lot of ignorant blabber.

Martin Fox

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

If anyone cares, there is a really neat little book called

"A History of PI." It is a short history of Mathematics,

which takes as its basis the continual search for increasing

accuracy in PI. I forget the author's name now, but if

anyone is interested, email me.

BTW, I believe that they are over (2 or 5?) million decimal

places for pi. It is still irrational (and thus, emphatically

*NOT* 22/7).

Paul Sherman

pa...@ht.com

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97

to

Malachi-Eliyah wrote:

>

> > Adam Felson says

> > 22/7 is only an approximation. PI can not be expressed via any

> > rational fraction; it is an irrational number.

>

> > 3.1415926536

>

> This doesnt look anywhere near 22/7 to me.

>

> This doesnt look anywhere near 22/7 to me.

> So then you are saying that the only way to carry Pi out

> to further 1000s of decimal places

> is not merely by continuing the method

> used for dividing

> to further 1000s of decimal places

> is not merely by continuing the method

> used for dividing

I am no math expert, but PI is 3.14159... The elipse (the three dots)

means that the number goes on forever without repeating any number

sequence. If you want to get closer divide 355 by 113. That will get you

6 digits past the decimal point. 22/7 only gets you 2 places.

--

David Vorous

da...@snakebite.com

http://users.aimnet.com/~dvorous/home.html

Feb 7, 1997, 3:00:00 AM2/7/97