THE CLOSEST WE'RE LIKELY TO EVER GET TO A PERFECT DUPLICATION
OF THE SINGLE-BULLET THEORY.....
The cable television network "The Discovery Channel" aired the
documentary program "JFK: Beyond The Magic Bullet" in November 2004, a
very impressive John F. Kennedy assassination-related program which
set out to attempt to duplicate (with all possible accuracy) the
controversial "Single-Bullet Theory"; and it's a program which
hammered one or two more nails into the "conspiracy" coffin.
The more and more time that passes, the firmer and more solidified the
"Lone Assassin" position becomes with respect to JFK's murder in
Dallas on November 22, 1963; while the "It Was A Conspiracy" side
makes no headway whatsoever, with zero tests like that of The
Discovery Channel's "SBT" test being performed to prove the conspiracy
buffs are correct. Nor do we ever see any computer simulations for the
"CT" side to "prove" their case for conspiracy (a la Dale Myers'
exacting animation project, which, like the "Magic Bullet" program,
goes a long way toward proving the SBT is a truism).
Several impressive things supporting the overall doability of the SBT
scenario came out of the "Beyond The Magic Bullet" program.....such as
the "log" test (with a bullet being fired into a solid block of wood).
The test bullet looked absolutely perfect after being dug out of
several feet of wood.
And, of course, the actual SBT re-creation itself....which proved
beyond any doubt that a WCC, 6.5mm, FMJ, Mannlicher-Carcano bullet
exactly like "CE399" (the actual bullet from the JFK case in 1963)
could, indeed, take a very similar path through two "bodies", and then
emerge in pretty decent shape....as we can see here:
The Discovery Channel test bullet was more damaged than CE399, but IMO
the test proved a very important thing -- it proved that a bullet like
Oswald's 399 could go through two bodies, do a lot of damage, and NOT
BE BROKEN UP AT ALL.
The test bullet, just like 399, emerged PERFECTLY WHOLE (i.e., not
fragmented at all). It's all in ONE PIECE. It's flattened more than
399, sure....but certainly not banged all to hell like Dr. Cyril Wecht
seems to think a bullet like 399 would HAVE to have been if it went
through the bodies of both Jack Kennedy and John Connally and caused
seven wounds; and the "test" bullet caused an extra (2nd) rib fracture
within the John Connally mock-up "body" during the re-creation as
The nose portion of the test bullet wasn't flattened at all either,
which is an important factor, indicating almost certainly it took a
similar path through John Connally's "mock" torso in the test, just as
CE399 most-likely took through JBC's real torso in 1963 -- indicating
a bullet that smashed into most of the hard objects that it hit in a
BACKWARD, END-FIRST manner, thereby keeping the nose undamaged.
And another impressive part of the "Magic Bullet" broadcast was the
ending sequence which had a doctor giving his erroneous opinion that
the damage he had just seen in the X-rays from the re-creation almost
certainly must have been caused "by more than just one bullet".
When proven wrong in this multi-bullet belief, the Los Angeles doctor
was genuinely surprised. (Do CTers think that he's a "CT plant"
too...only feigning "surprise" when confronted with the test results
to further the notion of the SBT?)
Another point I'd like to make regarding the "Beyond The Magic Bullet"
re-creation (with respect to Connally's thigh wound)......
Many CTers like to point out (with some glee) that the "test" bullet
in the Discovery Channel re-creation/simulation didn't penetrate the
surrogate "thigh wound" of JBC. Instead, the test bullet struck the
simulated thigh and then immediately bounced off into the grass.
But it's very, very possible that a similar occurrence DID happen with
the real John Connally on 11/22/63 -- that is to say:
It's quite possible (given the nearly-"spent" condition of Bullet
CE399 at the time it struck Connally's leg) that CE399 did not remain
in his thigh for any length of time at all. Perhaps it immediately
came out of that shallow leg wound and then simply fell down into
Connally's pants leg....where it remained until later falling out of
the clothing onto his stretcher inside Parkland Hospital.
But the main point I want to make about the "bouncing off the thigh"
test bullet vs. the real bullet that struck Connally on November 22nd
If CE399 did, in fact, pop out of JBC's thigh just after entering his
leg, it would have had virtually NO CHOICE but to remain in Connally's
pants leg (unless CTers want to theorize that the bullet miraculously
exited JBC's leg by way of the very same small hole in his pants where
Sure, the bullet could have conceivably found its way down to the
bottom of JBC's pants-leg opening and dropped out into the car
immediately. But a reasonable person researching the case knows that
that scenario did not happen....because if it had occurred, a bullet
would have been found in the car that could equate to Connally's
In my opinion, it's very likely that that bullet (CE399) almost
immediately fell out of JBC's leg after striking the thigh, and it
remained in his pants leg until after he was wheeled into the
Such a scenario would also (in a small way at the very least) explain
why there was no trace evidence left on 399....due to the fact that it
was never "buried" in a victim for any length of time
whatsoever....thereby making it less likely for trace evidence to have
accumulated on the missile.
All-in-all....that Discovery Channel broadcast did an amazing job at
replicating the damage path and general characteristics of CE399. The
test bullet exited the JFK mock body much lower than the real 399 did
in '63, true. I certainly cannot deny this obvious difference. But we
must keep in mind that a PERFECT re-creation can never be fully
achieved, with every single "human" nuance accounted for (since only
mock torsos were utilized in the re-creation).
With some unavoidable limitations in mind, the SBT re-creation done by
the Australian team of JFK researchers in early October of 2004 is as
close to the real event that I believe we're likely to ever see. And
the results most certainly do not debunk the likelihood of the Single-
Bullet Conclusion. To the contrary -- the results of that re-creation
enhance the viability of the Warren Commission's one-bullet conclusion
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS RE. "JFK: BEYOND THE MAGIC BULLET":
Prominent JFK assassination researchers Vincent Bugliosi and Dale
Myers both put in appearances in the Discovery Channel "Beyond The
Magic Bullet" documentary.
Myers convincingly demonstrates the rock-solid validity of the Single-
Bullet Theory, via portions of his Emmy Award-winning 3D computer
animation of the assassination ("Secrets Of A Homicide: The JFK
"It's a straight line....it's the only way it COULD have happened." --
Dale K. Myers ....
Bugliosi, in his only appearance in a JFK documentary of this nature
(that I am aware of; not taking into account his appearance as the
prosecuting attorney in the 1986 TV Docu-Trial, "On Trial: Lee Harvey
Oswald"), provides a few tidbits of general information throughout the
early stages of the program.
I would have enjoyed hearing a lot more from Vince and Dale during
this documentary program, but their on-screen time is not very
prolonged...but intriguing nonetheless.
Here are some verbatim quotes spoken by Vincent Bugliosi during the
"Beyond The Magic Bullet" program:
"The American people are simply misinformed. They think they know what
happened; but there's an enormous amount of material in this case they
have no idea about." -- VB
"If, in fact, the bullet that passed through Kennedy did NOT go on and
hit Connally, then the bullet that DID hit Connally, by definition,
would have had to have been a separate bullet from a second gunman.
Why? Because Kennedy and Connally were hit virtually at the same time.
And with Oswald's single-shot, bolt-action rifle, it would have been
absolutely impossible for him to squeeze off two rounds within a split-
second of each other." -- VB
That last Vince Bugliosi quote above goes a long way, in my opinion,
toward debunking the "Anti-SBT/Pro-Lone Gunman" theory put forth by
Mark Fuhrman in his 2006 book "A Simple Act Of Murder", which is a
theory of Mr. Fuhrman's that DOES indeed have Oswald performing a non-
SBT solo act and doing what Vince has said (via the above quote) is
I agree 100% with Mr. Bugliosi -- it was "absolutely impossible" for
Lee Harvey Oswald to wound JFK and John Connally with separate
bullets, given the Zapruder Film timeline of the event.
The Single-Bullet Theory is still fully intact....and always will be
in my opinion. It's the "best evidence" in the case for what actually
happened to President Kennedy and Governor Connally on November 22,
David Von Pein
1) The bullet fragments retrieved from Connolly's wrist weighed much
more than what the "magic bullet" had lost from its original weight.
2) No bullet penetrated Kennedy's neck
3) No bullet in recorded history has ever caused 7 wounds, penetrating
and shattering bones in the process, and emerged in the un-deformed
condition of the magic bullet.
4) It is simply impossible that one bullet causing such damage,
emerges in almost pristine condition, while the other one, the one in
Kennedy's head, purportedly from the same rifle, explodes in a
Wim Dankbaar is a 44-year-old father of two in The Netherlands. For
the last four years he has been actively involved in a project to
gather and present new evidence in the JFK assassination ... evidence
that proves that the official story is a fraud and that the Kennedy
killing was a conspiracy with the knowledge and consent of the highest
powers in US government.
What is the basis for Dankbaar's assertion that the CIA and and anti-
Castro elements were behind the assassination?
Dankbaar: This becomes very clear for everyone who studies the known
evidence thoroughly. Both the CIA, or maybe I should say the hawks in
the CIA, and the anti Castro cubans, who were trained by the CIA, had
the means and the motives to kill Kennedy. But they did it in
partnership with some key figures in the US Government and Big
Business in Texas, as well as a few leaders in Organized Crime. These
last three groups had equally strong motives to rid themselves of
Kennedy, and even stronger means to pull it off. The fact of the
matter is that it was an ordinary but hidden coup d'etat, to take over
the US government and reverse the policies of Kennedy. Policies that
were detested by all of these groups. These groups had already found
each other long before 1963.
They were in bed together. The most visible proof of that, is their
efforts to assassinate Fidel Castro. The groups involved in that are
the exact same groups that I have mentioned, this is a proven and
public fact now, and they are the exact same people that ended up
killing Kennedy. They were very much intertwined, and probably still
are. Now if you want to put faces to these devils of power, you could
best divide them first into a 3 level hierarchy. High level, mid level
and operational level. The high level is the select group of
conspirators, you may think of Lyndon Johnson, J. Edgar Hoover, George
and Prescott Bush, Allen Dulles, oil barons Clint Murchison and H. L.
Hunt, crime bosses Santo Trafficante, Sam Giancana and Carlos
Marcello. It was actually a wider group than that, but it is difficult
to pinpoint them all. After all, in a cover-up you have to work with
circumstantial evidence, unless someone breaks the secrecy with a
The mid-level was the planning cadre, the managers, the puppet masters
directing the pawns and the actual shooters. Two of those managers,
the CIA calls them controllers, were E. Howard Hunt and his partner
David Atlee Phillips. They are both legends in Covert Operations. Guy
Banister in New Orleans is another example. The CIA also used assets
to assist with the operational side. Philip Twombly for example, a
very unknown name, was instrumental in providing the fake secret
service badges that were made for the executives in Dealey Plaza. He
was also in Dallas that day, as was Nixon, their cover was the Pepsi
Cola bottling convention. So this mid group organizes the actual
operation. They direct the shooters and their spotters. They are the
operational level. And it is important to understand that these
shooters do not necessarily have to know about each other's
participation. That is what the CIA calls compartimentalization. They
only take orders from their direct boss, they are not being told who
else is involved in the operation, just to follow orders. This works
horizontally and vertically in the organization. Even the mid level
people do not have to know all the people at the top. One man to take
the orders from is enough. For example, if Howard Hunt gets his orders
from Dulles, he doesn't have to know that Dulles planned it with Nixon
and Johnson. And Nixon and Johnson don't need to know the identities
of the shooters. So at the top the conspiracy is rather closely held,
although many people are used. The ground rules are CIA only, maximum
security, non-attributability, plausible denial, need to know basis,
no written communication. Another ground rule is "What you don't know
can't hurt anybody." Interestingly, this rule is also applied by a
control of the mass media, who hardly ever report on the JFK
assassination, unless it is something nutty or disinformation, but the
real critics of the official version are not given a voice by US
Only Oliver Stone was able to break through this wall with his much
attacked movie JFK, which presented a more believable scenario,
however still without naming the names.
If you want names in the operational level I can tell you that Charles
Nicoletti and James Files were two of the shooters. They were both
under orders from Sam Giancana, the mafia boss of Chicago. John
Roselli, another lieutenant of Giancana, was also there, but as a
spotter, he did not shoot. Of these names I am absolutely sure, based
on the detailed confession of James Files, who claims he fired the
fatal headshot from the grassy knoll. Why he is credible is too
detailed to explain here, I do that in my book 'Files on JFK.' He says
that his boss Charles Nicoletti fired from the Daltex building behind
Kennedy. His knowledge does not go further than that, which shows the
compartimentalization again. Of course there were also shooters in the
Texas schoolbook building, and possibly other locations like the roof
of the Records building, but I don't know their identities beyond any
doubt. I have strong indications though that both David Sanchez
Morales and Richard Cain were shooters in the Book Depository. Richard
Cain was another hitman for Sam Giancana with strong CIA ties and
Morales was a husky looking Mexican-Indian with very dark complection,
who developed a reputation as best CIA assassin for Latin American. He
was also very close with David Atlee Phillips and he was the Chief of
Operations of the CIA station in Miami which trained the Cuban exiles
for raids against Castro. The boss of that station was Ted Shackley,
an associate of George Bush, which connection is later formalized when
Bush becomes CIA director and appoints Shackley as his Deputy Director
Operations. Interestingly, James Files says that he was recruited for
the CIA by David Atlee Phillips on a recommendation of Ted Shackley.
Furthermore I know that Luis Posada Carriles and Orlando Bosch were on
Was Oswald the assassin of JFK?
Dankbaar: No, of course not. Oswald was a CIA agent who was cleverly
setup as the patsy by his superiors David Atlee Phillips and Guy
Banister in New Orleans. It appears that George Demohrenschildt, an
oil geologist who knew all the Texan oil tycoons, including Bush, was
also handling Oswald in Dallas. Anyway, I am positive that Phillips
made Oswald believe that he was playing the part of the hero, trying
to infiltrate the assassination plot in order to inform on it and thus
in order to prevent it. It is only at the last moment that Oswald
realized he was just a patsy, as he said himself. This is also why he
was at the right time in the right place. He cooperated, hoping up to
the last moment that he could prevent the assassination. He was
actually an admirer of Kennedy for his civil rights and anti-
segregation policies. But he was also the perfect patsy. Through his
staged defection to Russia, which was in fact a covert mission
supported by the CIA, he already looked like a communist and he
smelled like a communist. This was reinforced with his pro Castro
cover and Fair Play for Cuba Committee, which he also did under
direction of the CIA. Lee Harvey loved to be a double agent and
infiltrate the other side. But the truth is that he was very strongly
anti-Castro. I do know that he participated in at least one of the
plans to kill Castro. Funny enough Oswald misspeaks in one of his
radio interviews. He says that in Russia he" was at all times under
the protection of the US Government." Then he quickly corrects
himself, saying that he did not mean to say that but that he "held at
all times contacts with the American Embassy in Moscow"
No, Oswald was the opposite of the assassin of JFK, and this is
perhaps the greatest injustice of all. Although the media and
government mouthpieces are still trying to brainwash the public with
the lone-nut-assassin-lie, there is not a shred of evidence to place
him on the 6th floor with that old rifle, let alone firing it, let
alone hitting JFK. This is even clear for those who read the Warren
Report, there is enough evidence in there to vindicate him, but they
knew that the average American is not going to plough through those 26
volumes, so just repeating its "conclusion" through the media was
enough to accomplish the mission. Certainly at that time when
Americans still trusted their government.
Oswald would have been vindicated if he would have gone to trial. He
would also have blown the lid of the conspiracy. Therefore he could
not be allowed to live. It is obvious that something went wrong in the
plan. They did not plan for him to be captured and alive in custody.
So Jack Ruby, who was Giancana's man in Dallas and also worked for
Carlos Marcello and Santo Trafficante, was hastily selected to finish
the job. He had to, disobeying an order in the mob is not an option.
How long took the investigation that you have been directing?
Dankbaar: That depends on when you start counting, I have been
interested in it since 1988. From that time I have read books, watched
documentaries and such. But I have become actively involved when I
learned about the confession of James Files, which was only 4 years
Who financed your investigation?
Dankbaar: Myself, but I have to say I that am building on the work and
testimonies of others, most of those have invested at great personal
cost, financially, emotionally or both. Without these people my work
would not have been possible. Jim Garrison and Joe West are just a few
of those people. The late Joe West is the man who found James Files
and persuaded him to confess, although Joe West did not live to hear
it himself. Jim Garrsion was the one and only public official to take
on the conspiracy and try to bring the guilty to justice. If we would
have man like that today , with what we know today, the American
public would quickly learn the ugly truth. But unfortunately, so far
there does not seem to be a man like Jim Garrison. They should make a
statue for him, maybe next to Kennedy's grave or in front of the White
What is the evidence for the involvement of Bush senior?
Dankbaar: He is connected to all the main players. It is a matter of
common sense and circumstancial evidence. I do not know if that
evidence would be enough for a conviction, but right now the problem
is more that the public does not know about that evidence, because
they are not informed of it. To me that clearly shows there is no real
freedom of press in America, that is just a cheap myth. What can be
proven without any doubt is that Bush lied about not being in the CIA
in 1963. A declassified document written by J. Edgar Hoover shows that
he was in contact with Hoover about the Kennedy assassination,
specifically about the reaction of the cuban exile community in Miami.
Hoover names him as "George Bush of the Central Intelligence Agency."
It is further logical that Bush would be informed on the Cuban exiles
because there are several sources that claim he helped finance the Bay
of Pigs invasion and actively recruited people for it. There he made
his friends in the exile community. One example is Felix Rodriguez,
who is Luis Posada's buddy and takes credit for killing Che Guevara.
Common sense also tells you that someone with no experience, is
appointed director of the CIA. But Bush wants us to believe the
opposite. Although he seems to have insulated himself preety well,
there is a wealth of evidence that puts him in the middle of all the
players. Like he was good friends with Oswald's best friend in Dallas,
George Demohrenschildt. But he was also very close to Nixon and
Dulles, who did not only plan the Bay of the pigs, but are also better
known suspects in the Kennedy conspiracy. Nixon would not do anything
without the knowledge of Bush because he thanked his political career
to Prescott Bush. Prescott Bush had installed Nixon as VP under
Eisenhower, and he and Gerald Ford were also fundraisers for Nixon's
campaign against Kennedy. Nixon lost to Kennedy by complete surprise
of the Bushes, for they did not know that Kennedy had made a deal with
Giancana to rig the elections in Illinois and Virginia. Had that not
happened, their men would have become President. Ford and Dulles were
both appointed by Johnson on the Warren Commission, no doubt to
control the cover-up from there. They were the two most active
members. And both were fierce Kennedy enemies, and strong friends of
Nixon and the Bushes. I mean Dulles had been FIRED by Kennedy. Dulles
hated the man. How could you honestly have Dulles and Ford investigate
the man's murder? The Warren Commission was a complete farce to hide
the truth and to convict the patsy in the eyes of the public.
Are all the files declassified now, or is there still information that
Dankbaar: There are still a lot of documents classified. That fact
alone is indication that the Warren Commission was a lie to satisfy
the American Public. Because if Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone nut
they said he was, there is no valid reason to keep the files locked.
If the Warren Commission was correct, national security would not be
endangered with the disclosure of that information. They need to lock
the files to keep the real truth hidden.
On what do you base your claims that George Bush, Posada Carriles and
Orlando Bosch were in Dallas the day that JFK was murdered?
Dankbaar: On documents and witness testimonies. A declassified
document tells that Bush will be in Dallas on the day of the
assassination. It's about a phone call from Bush to the FBI in
Houston . In that phone call, Bush himself says he will be in Dallas
and asks to keep the information confidential. It's funny that we have
that in black and white and Bush does not recall where he was, while
every normal citizen does. Another declassified FBI document proves
that he was high up in the CIA in 1963, in relation to the "misguided
anti-Castro Cubans." In that document Bush is being informed about
their reaction to the Kennedy assassination. it's funny again that
Bush himself has always denied that he was in the CIA before becoming
director of the Agency. That was already a bit hard to believe, but
this document proves the lie.
As for the others, I have several sources that place both Posada and
Bosch in Dallas that day.
Is there a connection Posada-Bush?
Dankbaar: Lots of connections. But they are not so visible, because
they are secret and not exactly advertised on CNN. The Posada-Bush
connections root back all the way to the Bay of Pigs. That is when
they became acquainted. Not only with Posada but with many other
members of Operation 40, because Bush was the creator of Operation 40
with Dulles and Nixon. Because Operation 40 was very secret and
illegal, these friendships are covert, but it is no secret that the
Bush family is friends with the Cuban exile community in Florida. Jeb
Bush is the Governor there, he has the support of all the anti-Castro
leaders. Do you remember the Florida recount for the 2000 elections?
It is no surprise it happened there and ended in Bush's favor. The
most visible friendship of Bush is the one with Felix Rodriguez. Felix
Rodriguez is a direct associate of Posada, both are Bay of Pigs
veterans and members of Operation 40. Remember the Cuban airline
bombing in 1976? This was the year that Bush was CIA director. For
this atrocity, Bosch and Posada were convicted in Caracas . After
Posada's escape from prison in 1985, he turns up in el Salvador, to
work with Felix Rodriguez in another secret operation. It became known
as Iran-Contra. It was weapons-supplies to Nicaragua and Iran,
financed with drugs trafficking. This operation was also led by George
Bush, who was vice president then. Maybe you recall that Carter lost
the election to Reagan and Bush? Right after that, the American
hostages in Iran were released. This was because Bush had made a
secret deal with the Ayatollah Khomeini in Paris to postpone the
release of the hostages, so that Carter could not profit from that. In
return Iran would get weapons. This event is known as "The October
surprise", because the release of the hostages was such a surprise to
the public, but not for Bush, because it was all staged. That's how
Bush became vice president.
And if you look at Bosch, Posada's accomplice in the airline bombing,
who was still in jail in Caracas, he is released in 1987 after a
diplomatic negotiation led by Jeb Bush. And when his father becomes
President, Bosch receives a presidential pardon. Once you study this
history, a clear pattern emerges. A pattern that the Bush guides and
protects the terrorists and assassins of Operation 40, some of whom
killed president Kennedy.
Also, a direct supervisor of Posada and Rodriguez was Ted Shackley.
Shackley and Bush were very close since the Bay of Pigs. In 1976, when
Bush became CIA director, he appointed Shackley as his deputy director
Operations. The current CIA director, Porter Goss, also worked under
Ted Shackley in Operation 40. There are a lot more connections, but
suffice to say that Bush senior is a puppet master behind the scenes.
The spider in the web. Very insulated in secrecy, but very deadly.
What is your analysis of the refusal to extradite Posada Carriles to
Dankbaar: Posada is the holder of many secrets, the disclosure of
which would be disastrous for Bush. Posada himself has said this
publicly. This is why Posada gets this protection, and this is why he
cannot be extradited to Venezuela. The Bush administration is
therefore in an extremely embarrassing situation. A hot potato that
they can't swallow. The best thing that could happen for them is that
Posada simply dies of old age. I can hardly see a good solution. They
can't extradite him, and they can't release him, for that would create
an international protest. So far the outcry is mainly coming from
Castro and Chavez, and my advise to them would be to keep the pressure
on. I am actually surprised that Castro is not exploiting the Kennedy
connection more. After all, it is his own former girl friend Marita
Lorenz, who implicated Bosch and other Operation 40 members in the
Kennedy murder. The American media pay little attention to his
outrage, because they are controlled by Big Business and because he is
just the communist dictator, an enemy of the United States. And Chavez
is his puppet. What they say is just propaganda. That is the image
painted of them. If Castro would simply say that Bush is protecting
the killers of JFK, it would be all over the news, also in the United
States. That would shake the world awake on what's playing here. And
that is what Castro wants, if I am not mistaken. He wants the world to
see the hypocrisy of the Posada asylum case and the War on Terror. But
I am not sure if he sees that he could unleash a scandal bigger than
Anyway, I hope he reads this (laughs).
However, the vehicle used by the FBI was only a four-seater,
unlike the presidential limousine, which had two smaller jump seats
installed, slightly lower in height, between the front and back row,
where Governor Connally and his wife sat. Since JFK's own car was part
of the evidence being examined, it could not be used for the
reenactment, but presumably the FBI felt that the vehicle they used
was good enough. For some reason, they also did not appear to wonder
what kind of view of both Kennedy and Connally the assassin really had
from his location, given the fact that a large tree in full bloom
initially obscured his view as the Lincoln convertible drove down Elm
St. after making a sharp turn off Houston St. In addition, a Cadillac
convertible was directly behind JFK's vehicle, with Secret Service
agents standing on the running boards on either side, which might also
have impaired the assassin's view momentarily.
As later divulged, the FBI was under orders from Assistant
Attorney-General Nicholas Katzenbach (filling in for a grieving Robert
Kennedy) to achieve several objectives, most important of which was to
convince the public that Oswald was the lone assassin. However, there
was an initial problem related to an apparent throat wound, which the
Parkland Hospital doctors and nurses all believed was one of entry. It
had been described by Dr. Carrico in a November 22 medical report as a
"small penetrating wound" and by Dr. Perry to UPI as "an entrance
wound below his Adam's apple." When Perry was asked by a St. Louis
Dispatch reporter how Oswald could have fired that shot from above and
behind the President, he speculated that possibly JFK had turned
around in his seat in order to be struck in the throat.
It was easy to confirm or reject the Dallas doctor's suggestion,
since the assassination had been filmed in its entirety by local
dressmaker, Abraham Zapruder, whose home movie was examined by both
the Secret Service and the FBI on November 23, during negotiations
that resulted in the sale of the film to LIFE magazine, with copies
going to both agencies. A decision was made by TIME/LIFE not to allow
the footage to be shown on television that weekend, likely because of
the shocking image of JFK being struck in the head, along with the
bizarre reaction of Jackie Kennedy, who began crawling onto the back
of the vehicle, obviously in a state of panic, as she apparently
attempted to retrieve part of her husband's skull, while a Secret
Service agent climbed onboard to protect her from possible further
Instead, LIFE published small black and white frames in their
next issue, and for the subsequent Memorial Edition, included several
large color frames, none of which showed JFK turning around.
Nevertheless, a junior reporter for LIFE (Paul Mandel, who died in
1965 at a young age) repeated Dr. Perry's suggestion as fact, even
though he had watched the Zapruder film (referred to as an "8
millimeter film" by the reporter). In his article dealing with some of
the questions surrounding what had occurred in Dallas, he described
how the film "shows the President turning his body far around to the
right as he waves to someone in the crowd. His throat is exposed-
towards the sniper's nest-just before he clutches it."
Although this statement was a total fabrication, LIFE has so far
published Mandel's article four times altogether, first in their Dec.
6, 1963, issue, followed by the Memorial Edition a week later, which
was republished in November 1988 as well as November 2003 with no
correction made, or any explanation provided to its readers. Nor was
this blatant lie referred to in a book on the history of LIFE magazine
published in the mid-1980s by a former editor, Loudon Wainwright
(father of the singer). I spoke to Mr. Wainwright by phone in 1987
after reading his book, as well as to Richard Stolley, who had
negotiated the Zapruder film purchase for TIME/LIFE, having written to
both of them earlier, but neither one was aware of Mandel's
explanation. Clearly, the evidence suggested that JFK had been shot
from at least two different directions, but the need to convince the
general public that a lone assassin carried out the shooting was
NEWSWEEK magazine also reported on the FBI's conclusions in
their December 23, 1963 issue, with a similar summary, except for the
suggestion that the throat wound was "perhaps an exit wound" (which
months later would be the Warren Commission's conclusion, as part of
their "single bullet theory"). A week later both TIME and NEWSWEEK
summarized the results of JFK's autopsy, which had been conducted at
Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland on the night of November 22, even
though it should have taken place at Parkland Hospital in Dallas.
However, the body had been forcibly removed by the Secret Service from
Parkland against the coroner's wishes, allegedly at gunpoint. JFK's
back wound was initially described by the media as being "six inches
below the collar line," consistent with a bullet hole through both his
jacket and his shirt. In addition, a Secret Service report written by
one of the agents on the follow-up car stated: "I saw a shot hit the
Boss about 4 inches down from the right shoulder."
Both TIME and NEWSWEEK reported that the throat wound had been
caused by the third shot, which had exploded upon impact, causing a
fragment to be "deflected downward, passing through the throat," a
highly speculative suggestion indeed. NEWSWEEK added that a whole
bullet found at Parkland "probably dropped out of the President's
body" while doctors were trying to save him. There was no mention of
any missed shot, however, which had struck the sidewalk, with
particles of concrete hitting a bystander in the cheek.
The Associated Press published a "coffee table" book entitled
The Torch Is Passed just in time for Christmas, which included
numerous and now-famous photos (such as the Altgens photo taken from
in front of the motorcade as both JFK and Connally react to being
shot), as well as a photo of the Kennedys and Gov. Connally sitting
side-by-side, which must have confused many readers (taken earlier in
the day during JFK's visit to nearby Ft. Worth). The following
statement was made in regard to the assassination itself:
"The President probably never heard the shot or knew what hit
him. It was a piece of metal a little thinner than an ordinary pencil.
It struck him in the back, penetrating two or three inches. He was
struck as he turned to his right to wave. His hands snapped up
reflexively to his throat. Wordlessly, he slumped over toward his
wife, who was sitting on his left in the back seat.
"In the jumpseat ahead, Gov. John Connally turned and a second
bullet caught him in the back, passing through, struck his right wrist
and lodged in his thigh. The third and last shot hit the back of the
President's head about ear-level, as he was bowed forward." No mention
is made of an apparent entry wound in the throat, nor the missed shot,
nor JFK's rapid backward movement upon being hit in the head.
By the end of the year, with the formation of the Warren
Commission, the combination of a missed shot, the rapidity of the two
shots that struck JFK and Connally in their backs, the apparent throat
wound and violent backwards movement of JFK after the head shot, all
were creating a problem, if the entire shooting was to be pinned on
Oswald . It should also be noted that the Dallas Police inventory list
had only included two spent shells retrieved from the sixth floor and
one of two photos taken at the scene, indeed, showed two casings. A
third one, also found on the floor, but not forwarded to the FBI by
the Dallas police chief for several days, had a dent in it, unlike the
In addition, the rifle was originally identified separately by
two knowledgeable members of the Dallas Sheriff's department as being
a Mauser. One of the assistant sheriffs had, in fact, owned a rifle
shop for many years. Shortly thereafter, it was announced that the
rifle was actually a much inferior Italian-made 1939 Mannlicher-
Carcano. No more was said about the Mauser, but suspicion was growing
in regard to the "evidence" being accumulated, as reflected in several
magazine articles questioning what really transpired on Nov. 22, 1963
(especially a lengthy article written by lawyer and former New York
State congressman Mark Lane, published in a British left-wing magazine
after he was turned down by U.S. magazine publishers.)
> 2) No bullet penetrated Kennedy's neck
A bullet exited it.
> 3) No bullet in recorded history has ever caused 7 wounds, penetrating
> and shattering bones in the process, and emerged in the un-deformed
> condition of the magic bullet.
You`ve examined all the bullets in recorded history, have you?
> 4) It is simply impossible that one bullet causing such damage,
> emerges in almost pristine condition, while the other one, the one in
> Kennedy's head, purportedly from the same rifle, explodes in a
> thousand fragments.
Are you saying that two different bullets, under different
conditions, reacted differently?
To believe Wim Dankbaar on anything is to
believe Santa Claus exists. Dankbaar, the
father of the James Files scenario is OUT TO
MAKE A PROFIT on the book and DVD sales
of his story. Allan Eaglesham has recently
published findings that the bullet shell Files
claims to have "bitten" and left on the knoll
was manufactured later than 1971. So much
for Dankbaar and his credibility.
> published findings ...
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