The Freedom to Vote act was introduced this week (?)
Co-authored by Sen MANCHIN
I think this has a chance In hell of passing.
More on that in a later post.
It’s 800+ pgs.
BC I wanted a means to force me to "read” thru the bill, I copied
out the table of contents, and am posting it below, as it may help
others get their heads around this. You can paste it in whatever
editor you prefer.
I am hearing that the “markup” will happen in Sen Cmte next week.
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Freedom to Vote Act’’.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS;
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) DIVISIONS.—This Act is organized into divisions as follows:
(1) Division A—Voter Access
(2) Division B—Election Integrity.
(3) Division C—Civic Participation and Empowerment.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents of this Act is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Findings of general constitutional authority.
Sec. 4. Standards for judicial review.
DIVISION A—VOTER ACCESS
TITLE I—ELECTION MODERNIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
Sec. 1000. Short title; statement of policy.
Subtitle A—Voter Registration Modernization
Sec. 1000A. Short title.
PART 1—AUTOMATIC VOTER REGISTRATION
Sec. 1001. Short title; findings and purpose.
Sec. 1002. Automatic registration of eligible individuals.
Sec. 1003. Voter protection and security in automatic registration.
Sec. 1004. Payments and grants.
Sec. 1005. Miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 1006. Definitions.
Sec. 1007. Effective date.
PART 2—ELECTION DAY AS LEGAL PUBLIC HOLIDAY
Sec. 1011. Election day as legal public holiday.
PART 3—PROMOTING INTERNET REGISTRATION
Sec. 1021. Requiring availability of internet for voter registration.
Sec. 1022. Use of internet to update registration information.
Sec. 1023. Provision of election information by electronic mail to individuals registered to vote. Sec. 1024. Clarification of requirement regarding necessary information to show eligibility to vote.
Sec. 1025. Prohibiting State from requiring applicants to provide more than last 4 digits of social security number.
Sec. 1026. Application of rules to certain exempt States.
Sec. 1027. Report on data collection relating to online voter registration systems.
Sec. 1028. Permitting voter registration application form to serve as application for absentee ballot.
Sec. 1029. Effective date.
PART 4—SAME DAY VOTER REGISTRATION
Sec. 1031. Same day registration.
Sec. 1032. Ensuring pre-election registration deadlines are consistent with timing of legal public holidays.
PART 5—STREAMLINE VOTER REGISTRATION INFORMATION, ACCESS, AND PRIVACY
Sec. 1041. Authorizing the dissemination of voter registration information displays following naturalization ceremonies.
Sec. 1042. Inclusion of voter registration information with certain leases and vouchers for federally assisted rental housing and mortgage applications.
Sec. 1043. Acceptance of voter registration applications from individuals under 18 years of age. Sec. 1044. Requiring states to establish and operate voter privacy programs.
PART 6—FUNDING SUPPORT TO STATES FOR COMPLIANCE
Sec. 1051. Availability of requirements payments under HAVA to cover costs of compliance with new requirements.
Subtitle B—Access to Voting for Individuals With Disabilities
Sec. 1101. Requirements for States to promote access to voter registration and voting for individuals with disabilities.
Sec. 1102. Establishment and maintenance of State accessible election websites.
Sec. 1103. Protections for in-person voting for individuals with disabilities and older individuals. Sec. 1104. Protections for individuals subject to guardianship.
Sec. 1105. Expansion and reauthorization of grant program to assure voting access for individuals with disabilities.
Sec. 1106. Funding for protection and advocacy systems.
Sec. 1107. Pilot programs for enabling individuals with disabilities to register to vote privately and independently at residences.
Sec. 1108. GAO analysis and report on voting access for individuals with disabilities.
Subtitle C—Early Voting
Sec. 1201. Early voting.
Subtitle D—Voting by Mail
Sec. 1301. Voting by mail.
Sec. 1302. Balloting materials tracking program.
Sec. 1303. Election mail and delivery improvements.
Sec. 1304. Carriage of election mail.
Sec. 1305. Requiring States to provide secured drop boxes for voted ballots in elections for Federal office.
Subtitle E—Absent Uniformed Services Voters and Overseas Voters
Sec. 1401. Pre-election reports on availability and transmission of absentee ballots.
Sec. 1402. Enforcement.
Sec. 1403. Transmission requirements; repeal of waiver provision.
Sec. 1404. Use of single absentee ballot application for subsequent elections.
Sec. 1405. Extending guarantee of residency for voting purposes to family members of absent military personnel.
Sec. 1406. Technical clarifications to conform to Military and Overseas Voter Empowerment Act amendments related to the federal write-in absentee ballot.
Sec. 1407. Treatment of post card registration requests.
Sec. 1408. Presidential designee report on voter disenfranchisement.
Sec. 1409. Effective date.
Subtitle F—Enhancement of Enforcement
Sec. 1501. Enhancement of enforcement of Help America Vote Act of 2002.
Subtitle G—Promoting Voter Access Through Election Administration Modernization Improvements
PART 1—PROMOTING VOTER ACCESS
Sec. 1601. Minimum notification requirements for voters affected by polling place changes.
Sec. 1602. Accommodations for voters residing in Indian lands.
Sec. 1603. Applicability to Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Sec. 1604. Elimination of 14-day time period between general election and runoff election for Federal elections in the Virgin Islands and Guam.
Sec. 1605. Application of Federal election administration laws to territories of the United States. Sec. 1606. Application of Federal voter protection laws to territories of the United States.
Sec. 1607. Ensuring equitable and efficient operation of polling places.
Sec. 1608. Prohibiting States from restricting curbside voting.
PART 2—IMPROVEMENTS IN OPERATION OF ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION
Sec. 1611. Reauthorization of Election Assistance Commission.
Sec. 1612. Recommendations to improve operations of Election Assistance Commission.
Sec. 1613. Repeal of exemption of Election Assistance Commission from certain government contracting requirements.
PART 3—MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 1621. Definition of election for Federal office.
Sec. 1622. No effect on other laws.
Sec. 1623. Clarification of exemption for States without voter registration.
Sec. 1624. Clarification of exemption for States which do not collect telephone information.
Subtitle H—Democracy Restoration
Sec. 1701. Short title.
Sec. 1702. Findings.
Sec. 1703. Rights of citizens.
Sec. 1704. Enforcement.
Sec. 1705. Notification of restoration of voting rights.
Sec. 1706. Definitions.
Sec. 1707. Relation to other laws.
Sec. 1708. Federal prison funds.
Sec. 1709. Effective date.
Subtitle I—Voter Identification and Allowable Alternatives
Sec. 1801. Requirements for voter identification.
Subtitle J—Voter List Maintenance Procedures
PART 1—VOTER CAGING PROHIBITED
Sec. 1901. Voter caging prohibited.
PART 2—SAVING ELIGIBLE VOTERS FROM VOTER PURGING
Sec. 1911. Conditions for removal of voters from list of registered voters.
Sec. 1921. Severability.
DIVISION B—ELECTION INTEGRITY
TITLE II—PROHIBITING INTERFERENCE WITH VOTER REGISTRATION
Sec. 2001. Prohibiting hindering, interfering with, or preventing voter registration.
Sec. 2002. Establishment of best practices.
TITLE III—PREVENTING ELECTION SUBVERSION
Subtitle A—Restrictions on Removal of Election Administrators
Sec. 3001. Restrictions on removal of local election administrators in administration of elections for Federal office.
Subtitle B—Increased Protections for Election Workers
Sec. 3101. Harassment of election workers prohibited.
Sec. 3102. Protection of election workers.
Subtitle C—Prohibiting Deceptive Practices and Preventing Voter Intimidation
Sec. 3201. Short title.
Sec. 3202. Prohibition on deceptive practices in Federal elections.
Sec. 3203. Corrective action.
Sec. 3204. Reports to Congress.
Sec. 3205. Private rights of action by election officials.
Sec. 3206. Making intimidation of tabulation, canvas, and certification efforts a crime.
Subtitle D—Protection of Election Records & Election Infrastructure
Sec. 3301. Strengthen protections for Federal election records.
Sec. 3302. Penalties; inspection; nondisclosure; jurisdiction.
Sec. 3303. Judicial review to ensure compliance.
Subtitle E—Judicial Protection of the Right to Vote and Non-partisan Vote Tabulation
Sec. 3401. Undue burdens on the ability to vote in elections for federal office prohibited.
Sec. 3402. Judicial review.
Sec. 3403. Definitions.
Sec. 3404. Rules of construction.
Sec. 3405. Severability.
Sec. 3406. Effective date.
Subtitle F—Poll Worker Recruitment and Training
Sec. 3501. Grants to States for poll worker recruitment and training.
Sec. 3502. State defined.
Subtitle G—Preventing Poll Observer Interference
Sec. 3601. Protections for voters on Election Day.
Subtitle H—Preventing Restrictions on Food and Beverages
Sec. 3701. Findings.
Sec. 3702. Prohibiting restrictions on donations of food and beverages at polling stations.
Subtitle I—Establishing Duty to Report Foreign Election Interference
Sec. 3801. Findings relating to illicit money undermining our democracy.
Sec. 3802. Federal campaign reporting of foreign contacts.
Sec. 3803. Federal campaign foreign contact reporting compliance system.
Sec. 3804. Criminal penalties.
Sec. 3805. Report to congressional intelligence committees.
Sec. 3806. Rule of construction.
Subtitle J—Promoting Accuracy, Integrity, and Security Through VoterVerifiable Permanent Paper Ballot
Sec. 3901. Short title.
Sec. 3902. Paper ballot and manual counting requirements.
Sec. 3903. Accessibility and ballot verification for individuals with disabilities.
Sec. 3904. Durability and readability requirements for ballots.
Sec. 3905. Study and report on optimal ballot design.
Sec. 3906. Ballot marking device cybersecurity requirements.
Sec. 3907. Effective date for new requirements.
Sec. 3908. Grants for obtaining compliant paper ballot voting systems and carrying out voting system security improvements.
Subtitle K—Provisional Ballots
Sec. 3911. Requirements for counting provisional ballots; establishment of uniform and nondiscriminatory standards.
TITLE IV—VOTING SYSTEM SECURITY
Sec. 4001. Post-election audit requirement.
Sec. 4002. Election infrastructure designation.
Sec. 4003. Guidelines and certification for electronic poll books and remote ballot marking systems.
Sec. 4004. Pre-election reports on voting system usage.
Sec. 4005. Use of voting machines manufactured in the United States.
Sec. 4006. Severability.
DIVISION C—CIVIC PARTICIPATION AND EMPOWERMENT
TITLE V—NONPARTISAN REDISTRICTING REFORM
Sec. 5001. Finding of constitutional authority.
Sec. 5002. Ban on mid-decade redistricting.
Sec. 5003. Criteria for redistricting.
Sec. 5004. Development of plan.
Sec. 5005. Failure by State to enact plan.
Sec. 5006. Civil enforcement.
Sec. 5007. No effect on elections for State and local office.
Sec. 5008. Effective date.
TITLE VI—CAMPAIGN FINANCE TRANSPARENCY
Subtitle A—DISCLOSE Act
Sec. 6001. Short title.
PART 1—CLOSING LOOPHOLES ALLOWING SPENDING BY FOREIGN NATIONALS IN ELECTIONS
Sec. 6002. Clarification of application of foreign money ban to certain disbursements and activities.
Sec. 6003. Audit and report on illicit foreign money in Federal elections.
Sec. 6004. Prohibition on contributions and donations by foreign nationals in connection with ballot initiatives and referenda.
Sec. 6005. Disbursements and activities subject to foreign money ban.
Sec. 6006. Prohibiting establishment of corporation to conceal election contributions and donations by foreign nationals.
PART 2—REPORTING OF CAMPAIGN-RELATED DISBURSEMENTS
Sec. 6011. Reporting of campaign-related disbursements.
Sec. 6012. Reporting of Federal judicial nomination disbursements.
Sec. 6013. Coordination with FinCEN.
Sec. 6014. Application of foreign money ban to disbursements for campaign-related disbursements consisting of covered transfers.
Sec. 6015. Effective date.
PART 3—OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE REFORMS
Sec. 6021. Petition for certiorari.
Sec. 6022. Judicial review of actions related to campaign finance laws.
Subtitle B—Honest Ads
Sec. 6101. Short title.
Sec. 6102. Purpose.
Sec. 6103. Findings.
Sec. 6104. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6105. Expansion of definition of public communication.
Sec. 6106. Expansion of definition of electioneering communication.
Sec. 6107. Application of disclaimer statements to online communications.
Sec. 6108. Political record requirements for online platforms.
Sec. 6109. Preventing contributions, expenditures, independent expenditures, and disbursements for electioneering communications by foreign nationals in the form of online advertising.
Sec. 6110. Requiring online platforms to display notices identifying sponsors of political advertisements and to ensure notices continue to be present when advertisements are shared.
Subtitle C—Spotlight Act
Sec. 6201. Short title.
Sec. 6202. Inclusion of contributor information on annual returns of certain organizations.
TITLE VII—CAMPAIGN FINANCE OVERSIGHT
Subtitle A—Stopping Super PAC–Candidate Coordination
Sec. 7001. Short title.
Sec. 7002. Clarification of treatment of coordinated expenditures as contributions to candidates. Sec. 7003. Clarification of ban on fundraising for super PACs by Federal candidates and officeholders.
Subtitle B—Restoring Integrity to America’s Elections
Sec. 7101. Short title.
Sec. 7102. Revision to enforcement process.
Sec. 7103. Acting general counsel.
Sec. 7104. Permitting appearance at hearings on requests for advisory opinions by persons opposing the requests.
Sec. 7105. Permanent extension of administrative penalty authority.
Sec. 7106. Restrictions on ex parte communications.
Sec. 7107. Clarifying authority of FEC attorneys to represent FEC in Supreme Court.
Sec. 7108. Requiring forms to permit use of accent marks.
Sec. 7109. Extension of the statutes of limitations for offenses under the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971.
Sec. 7110. Effective date; transition.
TITLE VIII—CITIZEN EMPOWERMENT
Subtitle A—Funding to Promote Democracy
PART 1—PAYMENTS AND ALLOCATIONS TO STATES
Sec. 8001. State Democracy Promotion Program.
Sec. 8002. State plan.
Sec. 8003. Prohibiting reduction in access to participation in elections.
Sec. 8004. Amount of State allocation.
Sec. 8005. Procedures for disbursements of payments and allocations.
Sec. 8006. Office of State Democracy Promotion.
PART 2—STATE ELECTION ASSISTANCE AND INNOVATION TRUST FUND
Sec. 8011. State Election Assistance and Innovation Trust Fund.
Sec. 8012. Uses of Fund.
Sec. 8013. Assessments against fines and penalties.
Sec. 8014. Transfer of balance of Presidential Election Campaign Fund.
PART 3—GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 8021. Definitions.
Sec. 8022. Rule of construction regarding calculation of deadlines.
Subtitle B—Elections for House of Representatives
Sec. 8101. Short title.
PART 1—OPTIONAL DEMOCRACY CREDIT PROGRAM
Sec. 8102. Establishment of program.
Sec. 8103. Credit program described.
Sec. 8104. Reports.
Sec. 8105. Election cycle defined.
PART 2—OPTIONAL SMALL DOLLAR FINANCING OF ELECTIONS FOR HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Sec. 8111. Benefits and eligibility requirements for candidates.
Sec. 8112. Contributions and expenditures by multicandidate and political party committees on behalf of participating candidates.
Sec. 8113. Prohibiting use of contributions by participating candidates for purposes other than campaign for election.
Sec. 8114. Deadline for regulations.
Subtitle C—Personal Use Services as Authorized Campaign Expenditures
Sec. 8201. Short title; findings; purpose.
Sec. 8202. Treatment of payments for child care and other personal use services as authorized campaign expenditure.
Subtitle D—Empowering Small Dollar Donations
Sec. 8301. Permitting political party committees to provide enhanced support for candidates through use of separate small dollar accounts.
Sec. 8401. Severability