Every religion has its own saints, but all saints share
one transcendent spiritual quality: compassion. Srila Prabhupada
Today I shall speak to you about the glorification of
the holy name of God. This was discussed between Maharaja Pariksit and
Sukadeva Gosvami in connection with a brahmana who was very fallen and
addicted to all kinds of sinful activities but was saved simply by chanting
the holy name. This is found in the Sixth Canto of the
The universal planetary systems are very nicely
explained in the fifth Canto of the Srimad-Bhagavatam. Within the universe
there are some planets which are hellish. Actually, not only the Bhagavatam
but all religious scriptures contain descriptions of hell and heaven. In the
Srimad-Bhagavatam you can find out where those hellish planets are and how
distant they are from this planet, just as you can obtain information from
modern astronomy. Astronomers have calculated how far the moon is from here
and what the distance is between this planet and the sun; similarly, the
Bhagavatam contains descriptions of the hellish planets.
We have experience of different atmospheric conditions
even on this planet. In the Western countries near the North Pole, the climate
is different than in India, which is near the equator. Just as there are
differences in atmosphere and living conditions on this planet, similarly
there are many planets which have different atmospheres and conditions of
After hearing a description of the hellish planets from
Sukadeva Gosvami, Pariksit Maharaja said,
tan me vyakhyatum arhasi
"Sir, I have heard from you about the hellish planets.
Men who are very sinful are sent to those planets." (Srimad-Bhagavatam 6.1.6)
Pariksit Maharaja is a Vaisnava [devotee], and a Vaisnava always feels
compassion for others' distress. He is very afflicted by the miseries of
others. When Lord Jesus Christ presented himself, for instance, he was greatly
afflicted by the miserable conditions of the people. Regardless of which
country or sect they belong to, all Vaisnavas, or devotees -- any people who
are God conscious, or Krsna conscious -- are thus compassionate. Therefore to
blaspheme a Vaisnava, a preacher of God's glories, is a great offense.
Krsna, God, is never tolerant of offenses committed at
the lotus feet of a Vaisnava. Krpambudhi: a Vaisnava is an ocean of mercy.
Vancha-kalpa-taru: everyone has desires, but a Vaisnava can fulfill all
desires. Kalpa-taru means "desire tree." There is a tree in the spiritual
world which is called a desire tree. In this material world, you get a
particular type of fruit from a particular type of tree, but in Krsnaloka as
well as in all the Vaikuntha planets, all the trees are spiritual and will
fulfill all your desires. That is described in the Brahma-samhita:
cintamani-prakara-sadmasu kalpa-vrksa [Bs. 5.29].
A Vaisnava is addressed as maha-bhaga, which means
"fortunate." One who becomes a Vaisnava and is God conscious is understood to
be greatly fortunate.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu has explained that the living
entities are rotating in different species of life, in different planetary
systems all over the universe. A living entity can go anywhere -- to hell or
heaven -- as he likes and as he prepares himself. There are many heavenly
planets, many hellish species of life. The living entity is rotating,
wandering through these species and creating bodies according to his mentality
in the present life. As you sow, so shall you reap.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu says that out of all these
numberless living entities who are traveling in the material world, one is
fortunate, not everyone. If everyone were fortunate, they would all have taken
to Krsna consciousness. It is being distributed freely everywhere. But why are
people not taking it? Because they are unfortunate. Therefore Caitanya
Mahaprabhu says that only those who are fortunate take to this Krsna
consciousness, and they get hopeful life, pleasant life, blissful life, a life
It is the duty of a Vaisnava to go door to door to make
the unfortunate people fortunate. A Vaisnava thinks, "How can these people be
delivered from their hellish life?" That was Pariksit Maharaja's inquiry.
"Sir," he said, "you have described that on account of one's sinful activities
one is put into a hellish condition of life or in a hellish planetary system.
Now, what are the countermethods by which such persons can be saved?" This is
the question. When a Vaisnava comes, when God Himself comes, or when God's son
or His very confidential devotees come, their only mission is to save the
sinful men who are suffering. They have knowledge of how to do this.
When Prahlada Maharaja met Nrsimhadeva, he said:
naivodvije para duratyaya
maya-sukhaya bharam udvahato vimudhan
"My dear Lord," Prahlada says, "I am not very anxious
for my own deliverance." (SB 7.9.43) Mayavadi philosophers are very careful
that their personal salvation is not interrupted. They think, "If I go to
preach in association with others, I may fall down, and my realization will be
finished." Therefore they do not come. Only the Vaisnavas come, at the risk of
falldown -- but they do not fall down. They may even go to hell to deliver the
conditioned souls. This is Prahlada Maharaja's mission. He says, naivodvije:
"I am not very anxious about living in this material world."
Prahlada Maharaja says further, "I have no anxiety for
myself, because somehow or other I have been trained to be always Krsna
conscious." Because he is Krsna conscious, he is confident that in his next
life he is going to Krsna. It is stated in the Bhagavad-gita that if one
executes the Krsna conscious regulative principles carefully, it is certain
that he will reach the supreme destination in his next life.
Prahlada Maharaja continues: "There is only one source
of anxiety for me." Just see -- although he had no anxiety for himself, he
still had anxiety. He says, soce tato vimukha-cetasah: "I am anxious for those
persons who are not Krsna conscious. That is my anxiety. for myself I have no
anxiety, but I am thinking of those who are not Krsna conscious." Why aren't
they Krsna conscious? Maya-sukhaya bharam udvahato vimudhan [SB 7.9.43]. These
rascals have created a humbug civilization for temporary happiness.
Maya-sukhaya. Actually this is a fact. We have a humbug
civilization. So many cars are being manufactured every year, and for that
purpose so many roads have to be excavated and prepared. This creates problem
after problem. Therefore it is maya-sukhaya, illusory happiness, and yet we
are trying to be happy in this way. We are trying to manufacture some way to
be happy, but this only creates other problems.
In your country you have the greatest number of cars,
but that does not solve any problems. You have manufactured cars to help solve
the problems of life, but I have experienced that this also creates more
problems. When my disciple Dayananda wanted to take me to a doctor in Los
Angeles, I had to take the trouble to travel thirty miles before I could even
consult the doctor. Once you create cars, then you must travel thirty or forty
miles to meet your friends.
You can fly from New York to Boston in one hour, but it
takes even longer than that just to get to the airport. This situation is
called maya-sukhaya. Maya means "false," "illusory." We are trying to create
some very comfortable situation, but we have created another uncomfortable
situation. This is the way of the material world; if we are not satisfied by
the natural comforts offered by God and nature and we want to create
artificial comforts, then we have to create some discomfort also. Most people
do not know that. They think that they are creating a very comfortable
situation, but actually they are traveling fifty miles to go to the office to
earn a livelihood and fifty miles to come back. Because of such conditions,
Prahlada Maharaja says that these vimudhans -- these materialistic persons,
these rascals -- have created an unnecessary burden on themselves simply for
temporary happiness. Vimudhan, maya-sukhaya bharam udvahato. Therefore, in
Vedic civilization it is recommended that one free himself from material life,
take sannyasa, the renounced order of life, and prosecute spiritual life with
absolutely no anxiety.
If one can execute Krsna consciousness in family life,
that is very good. Bhaktivinoda Thakura was a family man, a magistrate. and
still he executed devotional service so nicely. Dhruva Maharaja and Prahlada
Maharaja were grhasthas, householders, but they trained themselves in such a
way that even as householders they were faced with no interruption in their
service. Therefore, Prahlada Maharaja says, "I have learned the art of always
remaining in Krsna consciousness." What is that art?
Tvad-virya-gayana-mahamrta-magna-cittah [SB 7.9.43]. Simply glorifying the
victorious activities and pastimes of the Lord. Virya means "very
Krsna's activities are heroic. You can read about them
in Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Krsna's name, His fame, His
activities, His associates, and all other things related to Him are heroic.
Prahlada Maharaja says in this connection, "I am certain that wherever I go, I
can glorify Your heroic activities and be safe. There is no question of my
falling down. But I am simply anxious for these persons who have created a
type of civilization in which they are always busy working hard. I am thinking
Prahlada says further:
prayena deva munayah sva-vimukti-kama
caranti vijane na parartha-nisthah
naitan vihaya krpanan vimumuksa
nanyam tvad asya saranam bhramato 'nupasye
"My dear Lord, there are many saintly persons and sages
who are very interested in their own liberation." (SB 7.9.44) Munayah means
"saintly persons" or "philosophers." Prayena deva munayah sva-vimukti-kamah:
they are very interested in their own liberation. They try to live in solitary
places like the Himalaya Mountains. They do not talk to anyone, and they are
always afraid of mixing with ordinary people in the city and becoming
disturbed or maybe even falling down. They think, "Better let me save
Prahlada Maharaja regrets that these great saintly
persons do not come to the city, where people have manufactured a civilization
of very hard work all day and night. Such saints are not very compassionate.
He says, "I am anxious for these fallen people who are unnecessarily working
so hard simply for sense gratification."
Even if there were some point in working that hard,
such people do not know what it is. All they know is sex. Either they go to a
naked dance or to a naked club or to this or that. Prahlada Maharaja says,
naitan vihaya krpanan vimumuksa ekah: "My Lord, I do not need salvation alone.
Unless I take all these fools with me, I shall not go." He refuses to go to
the kingdom of God without taking all these fallen souls with him. This is a
Vaisnava. Nanyam tvad asya saranam bhramato 'nupasye: "I simply want to teach
them how to surrender unto You. That's all. That is my goal."
The Vaisnava knows that as soon as one surrenders,
one's path is clear. Naivodvije para duratyaya-vaitaranyas
tvad-virya-gayana-mahamrta-magna-cittah: [SB 7.9.43] ''Somehow or other, let
them bow down before Krsna." This is a simple method. All you have to do is
bow down before Krsna with faith and say, "My Lord Krsna, I was forgetful of
You for so long, for so many lives. Now I have come to consciousness; please
accept me." That's all. If one simply learns this technique and sincerely
surrenders himself to the Lord, his path is immediately open. These are the
philosophical thoughts of a Vaisnava. A Vaisnava is always thinking about how
the fallen conditioned souls can be delivered. He is always involved in making
plans in that way, just like the Gosvamis. What was the business of the six
Gosvamis of Vrndavana, Lord Caitanya's direct disciples? That is stated by
lokanam hita-karinau tribhuvane manyau
rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau
"The six Gosvamis, namely, Sri Sanatana Gosvami, Sri
Rupa Gosvami, Sri Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvami, Sri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, Sri
Jiva Gosvami, and Sri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, are very expert in scrutinizingly
studying the revealed scriptures with the aim of establishing eternal
religious principles for the benefit of all human beings. They are always
absorbed in the mood of the gopis and are engaged in the transcendental loving
service of Radha and Krsna." (Sad-gosvamy-astaka 2)
With similar Vaisnava compassion, Pariksit Maharaja
says to Sukadeva Gosvami: "You have described the different types of hellish
conditions of life. Now, tell me how those who are suffering can be delivered.
Kindly explain this to me.
tan me vyakhyatum arhasi
Nara means human beings, those who are fallen. Narakan
narah/ nanogra-yatanan neyat tan me: "How can they be delivered from their
fierce miseries and horrible pains?" That is a Vaisnava heart. Maharaja
Pariksit says, "Somehow or other they have fallen down to this hellish life.
But that does not mean that they should remain in that condition. There must
be some means by which they can be delivered, so kindly explain that."
Sukadeva Gosvami replied:
na ced ihaivapacitim yathamhasah
dhruvam sa vai pretya narakan upaiti
ye kirtita me
"Yes, I've already described the different types of
hellish conditions and very severe painful life, but one has to counteract
it." (SB 6.1.7)
How can this be done? Sinful activities are committed
in various ways. We can commit sinful activity or thus make a plan, thinking,
"I shall kill that man." Either way, it is sinful. When the mind is thinking,
feeling, and willing, then there is action.
The other day I was reading in a book that if someone's
dog barks at you when you are passing on the road, then that is an offense on
the part of the dog-owner, according to law. No one should have to be scared
by dogs barking, so one should take care of his dog. I read this. It is a law
in your country. The dog is simply barking, but it is sinful. The dog is not
responsible, because it is an animal, but because the owner of the animal has
made the dog his best friend, he is responsible by law. If an outside dog
enters your house, it may not be killed, but the owners of the dog may be
Just as the barking of the dog is unlawful, so when you
speak something offensive to others, that is also sinful. That is just like
barking. Therefore sinful activities are committed in so many ways. Whether we
think of sinful activities, or we speak something sinful, or we actually
commit a sinful activity, they are all considered sinful activities. Dhruvam
sa vai pretya narakan upaiti. One has to suffer punishment for such sinful
People do not believe in a next life, because they want
to avoid this botheration. But we cannot avoid it. We must act according to
the law, or we will be punished. Similarly, I cannot avoid God's law. That is
not possible. I can cheat others, commit theft, and hide myself, thereby
saving myself from the punishment of the state law, but I cannot save myself
from the superior law, the law of nature. It is very difficult. There are so
many witnesses. The daylight is witness, the moonlight is witness, and Krsna
is the supreme witness. You cannot say, "I am committing this sin, but no one
can see me."
Krsna is the supreme witness sitting within your heart.
He notes down what you are thinking and what you are doing. He also gives
facility. If you want to do something to satisfy your senses, Krsna gives the
facility for that action. That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita. Sarvasya caham
hrdi sannivistah: "I am sitting in everyone's heart." Mattah smrtir jnanam
apohanam ca: [Bg. 15.15] "From Me come remembrance, knowledge, and
In this way Krsna gives us a chance. If you want Krsna,
then He will give you a chance to have Him, and if you don't want Krsna, then
He will give you a chance to forget Him. If you want to enjoy life forgetting
Krsna, forgetting God, then Krsna will give you all facility so that you can
forget, and if you want to enjoy life with Krsna consciousness, then Krsna
will give you the chance to make progress in Krsna consciousness. That is up
If you think that you can be happy without Krsna
consciousness, Krsna does not object to that. Yathecchasi tatha kuru [Bg.
18.63]. After advising Arjuna, He simply said, "Now I have explained
everything to you. Whatever you desire you can do." Arjuna replied
immediately, karisye vacanam tava: [Bg. 18.73] "Now I shall execute Your
order." That is Krsna consciousness.
God does not interfere with your little independence.
If you want to act according to the order of God, then God will help you. Even
if you fall down sometimes, if you become sincere -- "From this time on I
shall remain Krsna conscious and execute His orders" -- then Krsna will help
you. In all respects, even if you fall down, He will excuse you and give you
more intelligence. This intelligence will say, "Don't do this. Now go on with
your duty." But if you want to forget Krsna, if you want to become happy
without Krsna, He will give you so many chances that you will forget Krsna
life after life.
Pariksit Maharaja says here, "It is not that if I say
there is no God then there will be no God or I will not be responsible for
what I do." That is the atheistic theory. Atheists do not want God, because
they are always sinful -- if they thought that there were God, then they would
be forced to shudder at the thought of punishment. Therefore they deny the
existence of God. That is their process. They think that if they do not accept
God then there is no punishment and they can do whatever they like.
When rabbits are being attacked by bigger animals, they
close their eyes and think, "I am not going to be killed." But they are killed
anyway. Similarly, we may deny the existence of God and the law of God, but
still God and His law are there. In the high-court you may say, "I don't care
for the law of the government," but you will be forced to accept the
government law. If you deny the state law, then you will be put into prison
and be caused to suffer. Similarly, you may foolishly decry the existence of
God -- "There is no God" or "I am God" -- but nevertheless you are responsible
for all your actions, both good and bad.
There are two kinds of activities -- good and bad. If
you act nicely and perform pious activities, then you get good fortune, and if
you act sinfully, then you have to suffer. Therefore Sukadeva Gosvami
tasmat puraivasv iha papa-niskrtau
dosasya drstva guru-laghavam yatha
There are different kinds of atonement. If you commit
some sin and counteract it by something else, that is atonement. There are
examples of this in the Christian Bible. Sukadeva Gosvami says, "You should
know that you are responsible, and according to the gravity of sinful life,
you should accept some type of atonement as described in the sastras, the
Actually, just as when one is diseased he must go to a
doctor and pay doctor bills as a form of atonement, according to the Vedic way
of life there is a class of brahmanas to whom one should go for the prescribed
atonement according to the sins one commits.
Sukadeva Gosvami says that one has to execute the
prescribed atonement according to the gravity of one's sinful life. He
continues the example: dosasya drstva guru-laghavam yatha bhisak cikitseta
rujam nidana-vit [SB 6.1.8]. When you consult a physician, he prescribes an
inexpensive medicine or a costly medicine, according to the gravity of the
disease. If you simply have a headache, he may prescribe an aspirin, but if
you have something very severe, he immediately prescribes a surgical operation
that will cost a thousand dollars. Similarly, sinful life is a diseased
condition, so one must follow the prescribed cure to become healthy.
Acceptance of the chain of birth and death is a
diseased condition of the soul. The soul has no birth and death and no
disease, because it is spirit. Krsna says in the Bhagavad-gita (2.20): na
jayate, the soul has no birth, and mriyate, it has no death. Nityah sasvato
'yam purano/ na hanyate hanyamane sarire. The soul is eternal and everlasting.
It is not lost with the dissolution of this body. Na hanyate hanyamane sarire
[Bg. 2.20]. Na hanyate means that it is not killed or destroyed, even after
the destruction of this body.
The missing point of modern civilization is that there
is no educational system to instruct people on what happens after death. Thus
we have the most defective education, because without this knowledge of what
happens after death, one dies like an animal. The animal does not know that he
is going to have another body; he has no such knowledge.
Human life is not meant for becoming an animal. One
should not simply be interested in eating, sleeping, sex life, and defense.
You may have a very nice arrangement for eating, or many nice buildings for
sleeping, or a very good arrangement for sex life, or a very good defense
force to protect you, but that does not mean that you are a human being. That
type of civilization is animal life. Animals are also interested in eating,
sleeping, and sex life, and according to their own methods they defend also.
Where, then, is the distinction between human life and animal life if you
simply engage in these four principles of bodily nature?
The distinction is made when a human being is
inquisitive -- "Why have I been put into this miserable condition? ls there
any remedy for it? ls there any perpetual, eternal life? I do not want to die.
I want to live very happily and peacefully. Is there a chance of this? What is
that method? What is that science?" When these inquiries are there and steps
are taken to answer these questions, that is human civilization; otherwise it
is doggish civilization, animal civilization.
Animals are satisfied if they can eat, sleep, have some
sex life, and have some defense. Actually there is no defense, because no one
can protect himself from the hands of cruel death. Hiranyakasipu, for
instance, wanted to live forever, and so he underwent severe austerities.
So-called scientists are now saying that we shall stop death by scientific
methods. This is also another crazy utterance. That is not possible. You may
make great advancement in scientific knowledge, but there is no scientific
solution to these four problems -- birth, death, old age, and disease.
One who is intelligent will be eager to solve these
four prime problems. No one wants to die. But there is no remedy. I have to
die. Everyone is very anxious to stop the increase of population by employing
so many contraceptive methods, but still, birth is going on. So there is no
stoppage or birth. You may invent up-to-date medicines by your scientific
methods, but you cannot stop disease. It is not possible just to take a tablet
to put an end to disease.
In the Bhagavad-gita it is said, janma-mrtyu
jara-vyadhi-duhkha-dosanudarsanam: [Bg. 13.9] one might think that he has
solved all the problems of his life, but where is the solution to these four
problems of birth, death, old age, and disease? That solution is Krsna
Krsna also says in the same book,
janma karma ca me divyam
evam yo vetti
tyaktva deham punar janma
naiti mam eti so 'rjuna
Every one of us is giving up our body at every moment.
The last phase of giving up this body is called death. But Krsna says, "If
anyone understands My appearance and disappearance and My activities -- not
superficially, but in truth -- after giving up this body he never again
accepts a material body."
What happens to such a person? Mam eti -- he returns to
Krsna. If you are to go to Krsna, then you have to prepare your spiritual
body. That is Krsna consciousness. If you keep yourself in Krsna
consciousness, then gradually you prepare your next body, a spiritual body,
which will carry you immediately to Krsnaloka, the abode of Krsna, and you
will become happy. You will live there perpetually and