*Perilous Times and Global Warming*
Tuesday January 30, 6:55 AM Reuters
World action urged on global warming study*
By Muriel Boselli
PARIS (Reuters) - World governments should take heed of the most
wide-ranging scientific assessment so far of a human link to global
warming and agree prompt action to slow the trend, the chairman of a
U.N. climate report said on Monday.
A draft of the report, due for release on Friday, projects a big rise in
temperatures this century and warns of more heatwaves, floods, droughts
and rising sea levels linked to greenhouse gases, released mainly by the
use of fossil fuels.
"I hope policies and action will be formed to address the problem,"
Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC), told reporters.
"I think, based on the awareness that is growing very rapidly in every
part of the globe, you will see a certain political resolve developing."
Governments and scientists began a final review of the IPCC draft in
Paris on Monday before its release on February 2.
The report draws on research by 2,500 scientists from more than 130
countries and has taken six years to compile. It is unlikely there will
be major changes between the draft and the final conclusions, according
to diplomatic sources.
Thirty-five industrial nations have signed up to the United Nations'
Kyoto Protocol, capping emissions of carbon dioxide.
The United States pulled out in 2001, arguing that Kyoto would cost jobs
and wrongly excluded developing nations from goals for 2012. Still, U.S.
President George W. Bush said last week that climate change was a
The draft report says there is at least a 90 percent probability that
human activities are to blame for most of the warming in the past 50
years. The previous report, in 2001, put the probability at 66 percent.
The U.N. report, the fourth of its kind, is expected to foresee global
average temperatures rising to 2.0 to 4.5 degrees Celsius (3.6 to 8.1
Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels by 2100, with a "best estimate"
of a 3.0 C (5.4 F) rise.
Around 40 Greenpeace activists climbed Paris's Eiffel Tower on Monday to
put up two banners pressing for urgent action on climate change. One
read: "It's not too late".
(Additional reporting by Alister Doyle)